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Flashcards in Module 2 Deck (133)
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1

Steps in NCP

Assess, Diagnose, Intervene, Monitor & Evaluate

2

Joint Commission

nutrition risk identified in hospitalized patients w/in 24 hrs

3

Food Frequency Lists

quick way to determine intakes on large numbers of people

4

Measure of Somatic Protein

skeletal muscle mass - mid arm muscle area; good for measuring kids

5

Waist/Hip Ratio

difference b/n android & gynoid obesity; >1.0 men, >0.8 women

6

Hair assessment

thin, sparse, dull - protein deficiency

7

Skin

pale, dry, scaly - poor intake iron, folic acid, zinc deficiency

8

Serum albumin

3.5-5.0 - visceral protein (blood & organs); > 5 - dehydration

9

PAB - pre albumin

16-40; short half-life

10

Serum Creatinine

0.6-1.4; somatic protein, renal disease

11

BUN

10-20; protein intake, renal disease

12

CRP - c-reative protein

marker of acute inflammatory stress

13

Megastrol Acetate

appetite stimulant

14

Loop diuretics

deplete K+, mg, ca, Na, Chl; decrease K+, Mg

15

Lithium Carbonate

Maintain consistant Na & caffeine intake; If Na & caffeine restricted, lithium excretion decreases - toxicity

16

Propofol

in oil, consider fat Kcals

17

Isoniazid (treats TB)

depletes pyridoxine, peripheral neuro, interferes w/ vit D.

18

Vit B6 & Protein

decreases effectiveness of levodopa (parkinsons); take in AM w/ <10 gm pro.

19

Incidence

# of new cases of a disease over a period of time

20

Prevalence

total # of existing people w/ a disease during a period of time

21

Food security

access to sufficient food for active & healthy life

22

Nutrition Survey

exam of pop group at a particular point in time

23

Nutrition Surveillance

continuous collection of data; use ht, wt, Hct, Hgb, serum cholesterol

24

NSI - Nutrition Screening Initiative

promote nutrition & improve care for elderly; DETERMINE, LEVEL I, LEVEL II

25

USDA Nationwide Food Consumption Survey (NFCS)

eval 7 nutrients, obtain info on food intake from entire US

26

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)

>18 yrs, w/ telephone

27

WIC

provides food, nutrition education; health exam required; not an entitlement pgm

28

Extension Food & Nutrition Education Pgm (EFNEP)

all education - no food.  provides grants to universities that assist in community dev

29

Elderly Nutrition Pgm (ENP)

Congregate Meals, home delivered meals, all ages > 60

30

Medicare

health insurance for people >65; any age w/ ESRD