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Flashcards in Module 4 Deck (21):
1

What do fungi extract their energy from?

Dead matter or living matter, making them a saprophyte, or parasite.

2

Where do fungi digest their food?

Mushrooms digest their food outside of their body. This is called extracellular digestion.

3

What chemical do the cell walls of a fungus contain?

Chitin.

4

What is chitin?

A chemical that provides both toughness and flexibility.

5

What is a hypha?

A hypha is a filament of fungal cells.

6

Identify the parts of this mushroom.

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A is the cap, B are the gills, and C is the stalk/stipe.

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7

Which hypha is septate, and which is nonseptate?

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The one on the left is septate, and the one on the right is non-septate.

8

What is a rhizoid hypha?

A hypha that is imbedded in the material on which the fungus grows.

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9

What is an aerial hypha?

A hypha which is not imbedded in the material in which the fungus grows.

10

What is a sporophore?

A specialized aerial hypha that asexually reproduces to make more filaments.

11

What is a haustorium?

A hypha of a parasitic fungus that enters the host's cell absorbing nutrition directly from the cytoplasm.

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12

What is the Kingdom Fungi's most common form of asexual reproduction?

The forming of spores.

13

What is the Kingdom Fungi's most common methdo of sexual reproduction?

The fruiting bodies method.

14

Name the 6 phlylums of Fungi?

• Basidiomycota
• Ascomytcota
• Zygomycota
• Chytridiomycota
• Deuteromycota
• Myxomycota
 

15

What is Basidiomycota's form of reproduction?

They form sexual spores on clublike basidia.

16

What is Ascomycota's form of reproduction?

They form sexual spores in saclike asci.

17

What is Zygomycota's form of reproduction?

They form sexual spores where hyphae fuse.

18

What is Chytridiomycota's form of reproduction?

They form spores with flagella.

19

What is Deuteromycota's form of reproduction?

They have no known method of sexual reproduction.

20

What is the defining characteristic of Myxomycota?

They look like protozoa fo rmuch of their lives.

21