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Flashcards in Module 4 pt 2 Deck (22):
0

How does Basidiomycota asexually reproduce?

They form spores called basidiospores.

1

What are Basidiomycota referred to as?

Club Fungi (club shaped cells)

2

What is the most common type of Basidiomycotan?

Mushrooms.

3

Where are basidiospres held?

In the gills.

4

Is the life cycle of Basidiomycotan simple or complex?

Complex.

5

Name 4 fungi in Basidiomycota.

Shelf fungi, puffballs, rusts, and smuts (parasitic)

6

Name 4 characteristics of yeasts in Phylum Ascomycota.

They are single celled, sac fungi, they bud asexually, and do fermentation.

7

Name 3 Fungi in Ascomycota that cause disease.

Ergot of Rye, Dutch Elm disease, and Chestnut Blight..

8

What are the three ways bread molds can reproduce?

Sexually: they form zygosprores.
Asexually: they go through stolon formation, and produce sporangia that release spores.

9

What is another term for a member of Chytridiomycota?

A chytrid.

10

How big are Chytrids?

Single cell.

11

Where do chytrids live?

In muddy or aquatic areas.

12

What is an example of a pathogenic Chytrid?

Synchitrium endobioticum- causes potato warts

13

What is one unique characteristic of Chytridiomycota?

Their spores have flagella.

14

What is deuteromycota sometimes called by scientists?

The imperfect fungi.

15

How do members of deuteromycota reproduce sexually?

No one knows.

16

What is a famous example of Deuteromycota?

Penicillin, an antibiotic.

17

What is a unique characterisic of Myxomycota?

That it is "mixed up" with Kingdom Protista.

18

What is an example of Myxomycota?

Slime molds, which behave as fungi when they reproduce, but as colonial protistans when they feed.

19

What are slime molds referred to as in their feeding stage?

Plasmodiums.

20

How do slime molds reproduce, and where do they live?

They live in water, and reproduce through spores.

21

What are two examples of symbiosis in Kingdom Fungi?

Lichen- mutualistic relationship between fungus and algae, soredium.
Mychorrhiza- mutualistic relationship between fungus and plants with root systems.