most missed questions ex 1 Flashcards Preview

spinal anatomy palmer exam 2 > most missed questions ex 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in most missed questions ex 1 Deck (19)
Loading flashcards...
1

which of the skull bones are derived from intramembranous ossification?

nasal, palatine, vomer, lacrimal, zygomatic, maxilla, frontal, parietal, most of mandible, squama of temporal and occipital bones and greater wing of sphenoid

2

what organs are specifically associated with the horizontal axis of the skull?

eye
vestibular apparatus of inner ear

3

what is the generic orientation of the pedicle at each region of the spine?

cervical- posterolateral
thoracic- posterior, slight lateral
lumbar- posterior

4

all lamina are oriented in what direction?

posterior and median

5

what will form the posterior boundary of a typical intervertebral foramen?

post-zygapophysis
pre-zygapophysis
capsular ligament
ligamentum flavum

6

which vessels form the venous vasa corona?

right and left anterior and posterior longitudinal veins
4 communicating arteries

7

which branches of the spinal artery supply the contents of the subarachnoid space?

anterior radicular artery
posterior radicular artery
anterior medullary feeder artery
posterior medullary feeder artery

8

in which vertebral foramen will the conus medullaris typically be observed?

L1

9

what feature is identified on the anterior surface of the inferior epiphyseal rim of C2?

anterior lip

10

what is the location of the superior vertebral notch of C2?

lamina-pedicle junction

11

how can you distinguish between T2-T4 from T5-T8 using articular process?

T2-T4 width btw superior articular process is greater than inferior
T5-T8 width btw superior articular process is equal/ same width as inferior

12

what is the angulation of the spinous process T2-T4?

undersurface of T2-T4 spinous processes will angle up to 40 degrees from horizontal plane

13

what is typically present on the transverse tubercle of T10?

transverse costal facet

14

what part of transverse process may be absent on T10?

transverse costal facet

15

what is the name given to the projection on the lumbar superior articular process?

mammillary process

16

what features may be identified along the intermediate sacral crest?

mammillary process of S1
sacral cornu of S5

17

what feature is identified on lateral surface of S1-S3?

auricular surface

18

what feature does the anterior surface of the superior epiphyseal rim of S1 form?

sacral promontory

19

what is the order of ossification?

membranous, cartilaginous, skeletal