sacral region ex 2 QQ Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in sacral region ex 2 QQ Deck (31)
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1

what is the name of the condition in which the L5 spinous process increases in length due to aging process?

Baastrup's syndrome or kissing spine

2

what is knife clasp syndrome?

congenital condition in which the L5 spinous process is elongated, the sacrum exhibits spin bifida and dorsiflexion produces pain

3

from the anterior view, the intervertebral discs of the sacrum will be replaced by what feature?

transverse ridges

4

what part of the sacral ala continues along the ventral surface of sacrum to about S4?

costal element

5

what forms the median sacral crest?

fused spinous processes and their spinous tubercles

6

an imaginary line drawn from the superior articular process of S1 to the sacral cornu will form what feature?

intermediate sacral crest

7

what features may be identified along the intermediate sacral crest?

mammillary process of S1 and sacral cornu of S5

8

what is the name of the inferior opening of the sacral spinal canal?

sacral hiatus

9

what features may be identified along the lateral sacral crest?

S1 transverse tubercle
sacral tuberosity of S2
transverse tubercles from S3-S5

10

what is the name of the joint formed by the sacral tuberosity?

accessory sacro-iliac joint

11

what muscle is said to attach to the dorsal surface of the sacrum?

iliacus

12

what feature is identified on the lateral surface of S1-S3?

auricular surface

13

what feature does the anterior surface of the superior epiphyseal rim of S1 form?

sacral promontory

14

the continuation of the anterior longitudinal ligament below S3 forms what ligament?

anterior sacrococcygeal ligament

15

the continuation of the posterior longitudinal ligament below S3 forms what ligament?

deep posterior sacrococcygeal ligament

16

what ligament is attached to the sacral hiatus?

superficial posterior sacrococcygeal ligament

17

what is the homolog for the posterior longitudinal ligament at S5?

deep posterior sacrococcygeal ligament

18

what is the homolog for the anterior longitudinal ligament at S5?

anterior sacrococcygeal ligament

19

what is the homolog for the ligamentum flavum at S5?

superficial posterior sacrococcygeal ligament

20

what forms the inferior boundary for the spinal canal?

union of the superficial posterior and deep posterior sacrococcygeal ligaments

21

what ligament is formed by the union of the superficial posterior sacrococcygeal and deep posterior sacrococcygeal ligaments of Co1?

posterior sacrococcygeal ligament

22

what ligament is a homolog of the inter transverse ligament at S5?

lateral sacrococcygeal ligament

23

what ligament divides the sciatic foramen into the greater and lesser sciatic foramina?

sacrospinous ligament

24

which ligament has a broad attachment along the lateral margin of sacrum and coccyx and then attaches to the ischial tuberosity?

sacrotuberous ligament

25

which ligament represents a thickening of the fibrous capsule of the sacra-iliac joint?

anterior sacro-iliac ligament

26

which ligament is the strongest of the sacra-iliac ligaments and is penetrated by dorsal rami of the sacral spinal nerves?

interosseous sacro-iliac ligament

27

which ligament will attach the intermediate sacral crest of S1, lateral sacral crest of S2 to the posterior superior iliac spine?

short posterior sacro-iliac ligament

28

which ligament attaches the lateral sacral crest of S3 and S4 to the posterior superior iliac spine?

long posterior sacro-iliac ligament

29

what is the homolog for the inferior articular process and facet at S5?

sacral cornu

30

what is the homolog for the superior articular process and facet at Co1?

coccygeal cornu