regions of the vertebral column ex. 2 QQ Flashcards Preview

spinal anatomy palmer exam 2 > regions of the vertebral column ex. 2 QQ > Flashcards

Flashcards in regions of the vertebral column ex. 2 QQ Deck (36)
Loading flashcards...
1

what is the number of vertebrae in the typical cervical spine?

7 segments

2

which vertebrae are typical cervicals?

C3-C6

3

which vertebrae are atypical cervicals?

C1, C2, C7

4

what is the shape of the typical cervical vertebral body from the cranial view?

rectangular

5

what is the appearance of the typical cervical vertebral body from the lateral view?

posterior height is greater than anterior height by a few millimeters

6

what would be the direction of the cervical curve based on osseous features?

posterior or kyphotic

7

what accounts for the direction of the typical cervical curve?

intervertebral disc height

8

what is the direction of the typical cervical curve?

anterior or lordotic

9

at which vertebral couple will the cervical curve again increase intervertebral disc height?

C5/C6

10

what are the modifications of the superior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical?

anterior groove
posterior groove
right and left uncinate processes

11

what are the names of the lateral modifications of the superior epiphyseal rim?

uncinate process
unciform process
uncovertebral process
uncus or lateral lip

12

what are the modifications of the inferior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical vertebra?

anterior lip
posterior lip
right and left lateral grooves

13

what is the joint classification for the anterior lip- anterior groove articulation?

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

14

what is the joint classification uncinate process-lateral groove articulation?

modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar)

15

what is the joint classification for the spongy bone- intervertebral disc articulation?

cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis

16

what other terms are used to identify the uncinate processes?

unciform process
uncovertebral process
uncus
lateral lip

17

what is the name given to the uncinate process-lateral groove articulation?

joint of Luschka or uncovertebral joint

18

the joint of luschka is formed from what surfaces?

uncinate process and lateral groove

19

what muscle attaches to the typical cervical vertebral body?

longus colli muscle

20

what is the orientation and angulation of the pedicle of a typical cervical?

posterolateral, 45 degrees

21

what is the direction of projection of the cervical lamina?

posteromedially

22

what ligament attaches to the lamina of a typical cervical?

ligamentum flavum

23

ossification of the ligamentum flavum at the attachment site on the lamina will result in what feature?

para-articular process

24

which is the greatest diameter of the vertebral foramen of typical cervicals?

transverse

25

the greatest transverse diameter of the typical cervical vertebra occurs at?

C6

26

the greatest frequency of osteophytes associated with the vertebral body occurs at which typical cervical vertebral couple?

C5/C6

27

list in order, the osseous parts of the typical cervical vertebra transverse process beginning at the vertebral body?

Costal element
Anterior tubercle
Costotransverse bar
Posterior tubercle
True transverse process

28

what muscles will attach to the anterior tubercle of a typical cervical vertebra?

Anterior scalene
Longus capitis
Longus colli
Anterior intertransversarii

29

what muscles may attach to the posterior tubercle of a typical cervical vertebra?

splenius cervicis
iliocostalis cervicis
longissimus cervicis
levator scapula
middle scalene
posterior scalene
rotators
posterior intertransversarii

30

what muscles will attach to the costotransverse bar?

middle scalene and posterior intertransversarii