regions of the vertebral column part 4 ex 2 QQ Flashcards Preview

spinal anatomy palmer exam 2 > regions of the vertebral column part 4 ex 2 QQ > Flashcards

Flashcards in regions of the vertebral column part 4 ex 2 QQ Deck (37)
Loading flashcards...
1

which muscle is attached to the vertebral body of T2 and T3?

longus colli muscle

2

what is the angulation of the pedicle in the typical thoracic region?

10-15 degrees posterolateral from the sagittal plane

3

which x-ray view is used to see into the intervertebral foramen of a typical thoracic?

lateral view

4

what is overlap of the lamina called in the typical thoracic region?

shingling

5

what is the outline of the vertebral foramen in the typical thoracic region?

oval to circular

6

in which plane will the size of the vertebral foramen of a typical thoracic be greatest?

transverse plane
vertebral transverse diameter

7

what ligaments support the costotransverse joint of a typical thoracic?

superior costotransverse
inferior costotransverse
lateral costotransverse

8

the superior costotransverse ligament of the transverse process of T4 will attach to rib ____?

5

9

the inferior costotransverse ligament of the transverse process of T5 will attach to rib ____?

5

10

the lateral costotransverse ligament of the transverse process of T5 will attach to rib ____?

5

11

which muscles may attach to the transverse process of a typical thoracic?

Longissimus thoracis
Longissimus cervicis
Longissimus capitis
Semispinalis thoracis
Semispinalis cervicis
Semispinalis capitis
Multifidus
Rotator longus
Rotator brevis
Intertransversarii
Levator costorum longus
Levator costorum brevis

12

how do the transverse diameters of the articular processes compare in the T2-T4 region?

superior articular process transverse diameter is greater than the inferior articular process transverse diameter for the given segment

13

what is the orientation of the superior articular facet of a typical thoracic?

BUL

backward
upward
lateral

14

what is the orientation of the inferior articular facet of a typical thoracic?

ForMeD

forward
medial
downward

15

how many synovial joints are present at a typical vertebra?

10

16

identify the synovial joint surfaces for ribs that are present of a typical thoracic

2 superior costal demi-facets
2 inferior costal demi-facets
2 transverse costal facets
2 superior articular facets
2 inferior articular facets

17

which muscles may attach to the spinous process of a typical thoracic?

Trapezius
Lat dorsi
Rhomboid major
Serratus posterior superior
Splenius capitis
Splenius cervicis
Spinalis thoracis
Spinalis cervicis
Spinalis capitis
Semispinalis thoracis
Multifidus
Rotator longus
Rotator brevis
Interspinalis

18

which muscles attaching to the spinous process of a typical thoracic are not included in any muscle layer of the true back?

Splenius cervicis
Splenius capitis
Interspinalis

19

what joint classifications are present at every typical thoracic vertebra?

fibrous syndesmosis
cartilaginous symphysis
synovial plane

20

what joint classifications are identified at the vertebral body of T1?

fibrous syndesmosis
cartilaginous symphysis
synovial plane
modified synovial saddle- only as anatomical variation

21

which muscle is attached to the vertebral body of T1?

longus colli

22

which spinal nerve-vertebral notch or incisure combination is present at T1?

C8 spinal nerve- superior vertebral notch of T1
T1 spinal nerve- inferior vertebral notch of T1

23

what ligaments support the costotransverse joint of T1?

inferior costotransverse
lateral costotransverse ligaments

24

what ligament is absent at the costotransverse joint of T1?

superior costotransverse ligament

25

what muscles attach to the transverse process of T1?

Longissimus thoracis
Longissimus cervicis
Longissimus capitis
Semispinalis cervicis
Semispinalis capitis
Multifidus
Rotator longus
Rotator brevis
Intertransversarii
Levator costorum brevis

26

what is the orientation of the superior articular facet of T1?

BUL

backward, upward, lateral

27

what is the orientation of the inferior articular facet of T1?

ForMeD

forward medial downward

28

what is the name used to identify the topographical landmark at the base of the neck?

vertebral prominence

29

which vertebrae have been identified as forming the vertebral prominence?

C6, C7, T1

30

what is the gender bias associated with T1 as the vertebral prominence?

males 9% more likely than females 6% to demonstrate T1 as the vertebral prominence