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Flashcards in arthrology ex. 2 QQ Deck (16)
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1

what term is used to identify the study of joints?

arthrology

2

what term is used to identify the study of ligaments?

syndesmology

3

what are the 3 histological classifications of joints?

fibrous
cartilaginous
synovial fluid

4

what were the 3 classifications of joints based on movement potential?

synarthrosis
amphiarthrosis
diarthrosis

5

what are the characteristics of the amphiarthrosis/ synchondrosis?

they are primary cartilage joints, temporary in longevity, composed of hyaline cartilage and form between ossification centers within a cartilage template

6

what are the 4 consistent features of synovial (diarthrosis) joints?

articular or fibrous capsule
synovial membrane
articular cartilage
synovial fluid

7

what movements are accommodated by arthrodial synovial joints?

translational movement, a plane or gliding movement

8

what are examples of synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodial) joints?

most zygapophyses of the vertebral column

9

diarthrosis trochoid joints are commonly called _____ joints based on action.

synovial pivot

10

what are the examples of synovial pivot (diarthrosis trochoid) joints?

median atlanto-axial joint

11

what is the shared morphological characteristic of diarthrosis trochoid joints?

an osseous pivot point and an osteo-ligamentous ring

12

what is a common name for the diarthrosis sellar joint?

synovial saddle joint

13

what example of synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar) joint is identified along the spine?

the joint of luschka of typical cervicals is a modified sellar joint

14

which joint classification exhibits a knuckle shaped surface on one side of the joint and an elliptical, concave surface on the other side?

diarthrosis ellipsoidal

15

what is an example of the diarthrosis ellipsoidal joint?

atlanto-occipital joint of the spine

16

which synovial joint classifications are now often interchanged in textbooks?

ellipsoidal and condylar synovial joints