regions of the vertebral column part 3 ex 2 QQ Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in regions of the vertebral column part 3 ex 2 QQ Deck (45)
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1

what is the location for palpation of spinous process of C2?

midline, about 2 inches below the EOP

2

what muscles attach to the spinous process of C2?

Rectus capitis posterior major
Obliquus capitis inferior
Spinalis cervicis
Semispinalis cervicis
Multifidus
Rotators
Interspinalis muscles

3

what ligaments attach to spinous process of C2?

ligamentum nuchae
interspinous ligaments

4

what names be given to C7?

vertebra prominens and vertebral prominence

5

what name is only given to C7?

vertebra prominens

6

In what % of men and women does C7 become a vertebral prominence?

men: 86%
women: 79%

7

what is the segment and gender bias for vertebrae other than C7 becoming the vertebral prominence?

C6 more common in females
T1 more common in males

8

what joint surfaces are present at the inferior margin of the vertebral body of C7?

anterior and posterior margins of the inferior epiphyseal rim, cancellous bone

9

how many joint surfaces are present at the vertebral body of C7?

8

10

what joint classifications are observed at the vertebral body of C7?

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis
cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis
modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar) joint

11

how many synovial joint surfaces are observed at the vertebral body of C7?

2

12

what muscle attaches to the vertebral body of C7?

longus colli muscle

13

what muscles attach to the TRANSVERSE PROCESS of C7?

Middle scalene
Iliocostalis thoracis
Longissimus cervicis
Semispinalis capitis
Rotators
Intertransversarii
Levator costarum brevis

14

what is the orientation of the superior articular facet of C7?

backward upward medial

BUM

15

what is the orientation of the inferior articular facet of C7?

forward medial downward
ForMeD

16

what muscles will attach to the ARTICULAR process of C7?

Longissimus cervicis
Longissimus capitis
Semispinalis cervicis
Multifidus

17

what muscles attach to the SPINOUS process of C7?

Trapezius
Rhomboid minor
Serratus posterior superior
Splenius capitis
Spinalis capitis
Spinalis cervicis
Semispinalis thoracis
Multifidus
Rotators
Interspinalis

18

what is the gender bias regarding size of vertebral artery?

men have larger vertebral arteries than women

19

at what location will the vertebral artery form its 1st compensatory loop?

antlanto-axial interspace

20

at what location will the vertebral artery form its 2nd compensatory loop?

atlanto-occipital interspace

21

what is the purpose of the vertebral artery loops between C2, C1 and occiput?

increased length will accommodate the greater rotation at these locations

22

what artery is formed by the union of the right and left vertebral arteries?

basilar artery

23

what are the superior articular facet orientations for the cervical vertebra?

C1 is backward upward medial BUM
C2 is BUL
C3-C7 is BUM

24

what are the inferior articular facet orientations for the cervical vertebrae?

C1 is BMD
C2-C6 is FoLD
C7 is ForMeD

25

how many synovial joints are identified for each cervical vertebra?

C1- 5
C2- 8
C3-C6- 8
C7- 6

26

how many joints are identified at the vertebral body of each cervical vertebra?

C1- none
C2- 10
C3-6- 10
C7- 8

27

which thoracic segments are considered the typical thoracics?

T2-T8 segments

28

which thoracic segments are considered atypical thoracics?

T1, T9-12

29

what features will allow discrimination between T2-T4 and T5-T8 segmental groups?

vertebral body
transverse process
articular process
spinous process

30

what is the name given to the left side appearance of the vertebral body of T5-T8?

aortic impression