Flashcards in regions of the vertebral column part 3 ex 2 QQ Deck (45)
what is the location for palpation of spinous process of C2?
midline, about 2 inches below the EOP
what muscles attach to the spinous process of C2?
Rectus capitis posterior major
Obliquus capitis inferior
what ligaments attach to spinous process of C2?
what names be given to C7?
vertebra prominens and vertebral prominence
what name is only given to C7?
In what % of men and women does C7 become a vertebral prominence?
what is the segment and gender bias for vertebrae other than C7 becoming the vertebral prominence?
C6 more common in females
T1 more common in males
what joint surfaces are present at the inferior margin of the vertebral body of C7?
anterior and posterior margins of the inferior epiphyseal rim, cancellous bone
how many joint surfaces are present at the vertebral body of C7?
what joint classifications are observed at the vertebral body of C7?
fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis
cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis
modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar) joint
how many synovial joint surfaces are observed at the vertebral body of C7?
what muscle attaches to the vertebral body of C7?
longus colli muscle
what muscles attach to the TRANSVERSE PROCESS of C7?
Levator costarum brevis
what is the orientation of the superior articular facet of C7?
backward upward medial
what is the orientation of the inferior articular facet of C7?
forward medial downward
what muscles will attach to the ARTICULAR process of C7?
what muscles attach to the SPINOUS process of C7?
Serratus posterior superior
what is the gender bias regarding size of vertebral artery?
men have larger vertebral arteries than women
at what location will the vertebral artery form its 1st compensatory loop?
at what location will the vertebral artery form its 2nd compensatory loop?
what is the purpose of the vertebral artery loops between C2, C1 and occiput?
increased length will accommodate the greater rotation at these locations
what artery is formed by the union of the right and left vertebral arteries?
what are the superior articular facet orientations for the cervical vertebra?
C1 is backward upward medial BUM
C2 is BUL
C3-C7 is BUM
what are the inferior articular facet orientations for the cervical vertebrae?
C1 is BMD
C2-C6 is FoLD
C7 is ForMeD
how many synovial joints are identified for each cervical vertebra?
how many joints are identified at the vertebral body of each cervical vertebra?
which thoracic segments are considered the typical thoracics?
which thoracic segments are considered atypical thoracics?
what features will allow discrimination between T2-T4 and T5-T8 segmental groups?