MT Ch. 4-musculoskeletal Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in MT Ch. 4-musculoskeletal Deck (580)
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Chiropractic

Profession concerned with diagnosis and treatment of misalignment conditions of spine and musculoskeletal system

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Orthopedics

Diagnosis and treatment of conditions of musculoskeletal system

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Orthotics

Making and fitting orthopedic appliances such as braces or splints

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Podiatry

Diagnosis and treatment of foot and lower leg disorders

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Prosthetics

Making artificial body parts

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Arthralgia

Joint pain

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Bursitis

Inflammation of a bursa

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Callus

Mass of bone tissue that forms at a fracture site during healing

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Chondromalacia

Softening of cartilage

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Crepitation

Noise made when bones or cartilage rub together in conditions such as arthritis

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Ostealgia

Bone pain

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Osteomyelitis

Inflammation of bone and bone marrow

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Synovitis

Inflammation of synovial membrane

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Closed fracture

Fracture that doesn't break skin Aka simple fracture

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Colles' fracture

Common type of wrist fracture

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Comminuted fracture

Bone is shattered, splintered, or crushed into small pieces

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Open fracture

Fracture that breaks the skin Aka compound fracture

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Compression fracture

Loss of height of a vertebral body caused by trauma or osteoporosis

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Fracture

Broken bone

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Greenstick fracture

Incomplete break; one side is broken and the other side is bent. Commonly found in children

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Impacted fracture

Bone fragments are pushed into each other

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Oblique fracture

Fracture line is at an angle

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Pathologic fracture

Caused by diseased or weakened bone

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Spiral fracture

Fracture line spirals around the bone, longer healing time

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Stress fracture

Caused by repetitive low-impact forces such as running

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Transverse fracture

Fracture line is straight across bone

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Chondroma

Tumor formed in cartilage

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Ewing's sarcoma

Cancerous growth in shaft of long bones that spreads through periosteum

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Exostosis

Bone spur

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Myeloma

Tumor in the bone marrow