MT Ch. 3-integumentary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in MT Ch. 3-integumentary Deck (261):
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Skin & Function

Protective barrier that regulates temp., houses sensory receptors, and secretes sweat and sebum

1

Hair & Function

Provides some protection and associate with sensory receptors

2

Nail Function

Covers and protects tips of digits

3

Two Alternate Names for Skin

Integument and cutaneous membrane

4

Skin's Accessory Organs

Sweat glands, sebaceous glands, hair, and nails

5

Primary function of skin

Protection and a two-way barrier that keeps pathogens and harmful chemicals out

6

Sensory Receptors

Detect temperature, pain, touch, and pressure and are located in the skin

7

Sweat glands & alternate name

Sudoriferous glands Help maintain body temperature by trying to cool down

8

Sebaceous glands

Produce sebum that lubricates skin surface

9

Epidermis

Thin, outer skin layer

10

Dermis & alternate name

A.k.a. Corium (true skin) Middle, fibrous connective tissue layer -living tissue with blood supply

11

Subcutaneous layer & abbreviation

Subcu or Subq Innermost fatty tissue layer A.k.a hypodermis

12

What tissue is the epidermis?

Stratified squamous epithelium -flat, scale like cells arranged in overlapping layers

13

Basal layer

Deepest layer of the epidermis -scales continually grow and multiply, pushing old cells toward surface of skin

14

Keratin

Hard protein that fills the dead cells as they are pushed to the surface and allow the skin to act as a waterproof barrier

15

Melanocytes

Special cells in the basal layer that produce melanin

16

Melanin

Black pigment responsible for skin color and protection from UV rays

17

Collagen fibers

Strong, fibrous protein in connective tissue that forms a flexible glue that gives connective tissue its strength

18

Lipocytes

Fat cells that make up the subcutaneous layer -protect deep tissues and act as insulation

19

Apocrine glands

Sweat glands in pubic and underarm areas that secrete thicker sweat that produces odor when it comes into contact with skin bacteria

20

Cutaneous

Pertaining to the skin

21

Dermal

Pertaining to the skin

22

Epidermal

Pertaining to upon the skin

23

Hypodermic

Pertaining to under the skin

24

Intradermal

Pertaining to within the skin

25

Subcutaneous

Pertaining to under the skin

26

Ungual

Pertaining to the nails

27

Abrasion

Scraping away of skin surface by friction

28

Anhidrosis

Abnormal condition of no sweat

29

Comedo

Collection of hardened sebum in follicle, aka a blackhead

30

Contusion

Injury caused by a blow to the body where the skin is not broken

31

Cyanosis

Bluish tint to the skin caused by deoxygenated blood

32

Cyst

Fluid-filled sac under the skin

33

Depigmentation

Loss of normal skin color or pigment

34

Diaphoresis

Profuse sweating

35

Ecchymosis

Abnormal condition of skin discoloration caused by blood collecting under the skin after a blow aka a bruise

36

Erythema

Redness or flushing of the skin

37

Erythroderma

Condition of having red or flushed skin

38

Eschar

Thick layer of dead tissue and fluid that develops over a burn

39

Fissure

Crack-like lesion or groove on the skin

40

Hirsutism

Excessive hair growth

41

Hyperemia

Redness of skin due to increased blood flow

42

Hyperhydrosis

Abnormal condition of excessive sweat

43

Hyperpigmentation

Excessive skin pigments

44

Ichthyoderma

Condition of scaly dry skin

45

Lesion

General term for wound, injury, or abnormality

46

Leukoderma

Skin that appears white because pigment is absent

47

Lipoma

Fatty mass

48

Macule

Flat discolored area on skin Ex) freckle or birthmark

49

Necrosis

Abnormal condition of death

50

Nevus

Pigmented skin blemish such as a birthmark or mole that is usually benign but could be cancerous

51

Nodule

Firm solid mass of cells in the skin larger than 0.5 cm

52

Onychomalacia

Abnormal softening of the nail

53

Pallor

Abnormal paleness of the skin

54

Papule

Small circular raised spot on surface of skin less than 0.5 cm

55

Petechiae

Pinpoint purple or red spots from skin hemorrhages

56

Photosensitivity

Skin reacts abnormally when exposed to light

57

Pruritis

Severe itching

58

Purpura

Hemorrhages in the skin due to fragile blood vessels, common in older adults

59

Purulent

Containing pus or an infection that is producing pus

60

Pustule

Raised spot on the skin that contains pus

61

Pyoderma

Presence of pus on or in the skin

62

Scleroderma

Skin becomes hardened

63

Seborrhea

Oily discharge

64

Suppurative

Containing or producing pus

65

Ulcer

Open sore or lesion in skin or mucous membrane

66

Urticaria

Skin eruption of reddish wheals with severe itching, aka hives

67

Vesicle

Small fluid filled raised spot on the skin aka blister

68

Wheal

Small round swollen area on the skin typically seen with allergic reactions

69

Xeroderma

Condition in which the skin is abnormally dry

70

Abscess

Collection of pus in the skin

71

Acne

Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles

72

Acne rosacea

Chronic form of acne seen in adults involving redness, tiny pimples, and broken blood vessels primarily on cheeks and nose

73

Albinism

Body is unable to make melanin, characterized by white hair and skin and red pupils

74

Basal cell carcinoma

Cancerous tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis, typically arises on sun exposed skin and does not spread -BCC

75

First degree burn

Superficial layer and skin is reddened

76

Second degree burn

Partial thickness with red skin and blisters

77

Third degree burn

Full thickness and charring

78

Cellulitis

Inflammation of connective tissue found in skin

79

Rule of Nines

Determines percentage of body burned by dividing the body into sections

80

Decubitus ulcer

Open sore caused by pressure that cuts off Aka bedsore or pressure sore

81

Dermatitis

Inflammation of the skin

82

Dermatosis

General term indicating presence of abnormal skin condition

83

Dry gangrene

Late stages of gangrene characterized by affected area becoming dried, blackened, and shriveled

84

Eczema

Superficial dermatitis accompanied by redness, vesicles, itching, and crusting

85

Gangrene

Tissue necrosis usually due to deficient to blood supply

86

Ichthyosis

Abnormal condition in which the skin is dry and scaly

87

Impetigo

Highly infectious bacterial infection of the skin with pustules that rupture and crust over

88

Kaposi's sarcoma

Skin cancer frequently in aids patients, brownish-purple papules that spread to internal organs

89

Keloid

Raised and thickened scar after injury or surgery

90

Keratosis

Any skin condition involving overgrowth and thickening of epidermis

91

Laceration

Torn or jagged wound

92

Malignant melanoma

Skin cancer caused by uncontrolled growth of melanocytes, can quickly spread

93

Pediculosis

Lice infestation

94

Psoriasis

Papules forming "silvery scale" patches with circular borders

95

Rubella

Contagious viral skin infection Aka German measles

96

Scabies

Egg laying mite burrows through the skin and causes redness and intense itching

97

Sebaceous cyst

Cyst filled with sebum or oil from a sebaceous gland and may need to be excised

98

Cicatrix

Scar

99

Squamous cell carcinoma

Cancer of the epidermis layer of skin that may spread to deeper tissue, often starts as a sore that won't heal

100

Strawberry hemangioma

Collection of dilated blood vessels causing a red birthmark that fades a fee months after birth

101

Systemic lupus erythematosis

Chronic disease of connective tissue characterized by red, scaly butterfly rash across cheeks and nose. Autoimmune condition

102

Tinea

Fungal skin disease resulting in itching, scaling lesions

103

Tinea capitis

Fungal infection of scalp aka ringworm

104

Tinea pedis

Fungal infection of foot aka athletes foot

105

Varicella

Contagious viral skin infection aka chickenpox

106

Verruca

Benign growth caused by a virus that is removed by chemicals aka warts

107

Vitiligo

Absence of skin pigment, also called leukoderma

108

Wet gangrene

area of gangrene that becomes secondarily infected by pus-producing bacteria

109

Alopecia

Loss of hair aka baldness

110

Carbuncle

Furuncle involving several hair follicles

111

Furuncle

Bacterial infection of a hair follicle, redness pain and swelling. Aka boil

112

Trichomyosis

Abnormal condition of hair fungus

113

Onychia

Infected nail bed

114

Onychomycosis

Abnormal condition of nail fungus

115

Onychophagia

Nail biting

116

Paronychia

Infection of skin fold around a nail

117

Culture and sensitivity test

Removal of bacteria from an infection, growing it to identify the bacteria and determine its sensitivity to antibiotics

118

Biopsy

Piece of tissue removed by syringe to examine under a microscope to aid diagnosis

119

Exfoliative cytology

Scraping cells from tissue and examining under a microscope

120

Frozen section

Piece of tissue from a frozen specimen for examination under a microscope

121

Fungal scrapings

Scrapings from lesions that are placed on a growth medium and examined to identify fungal growth

122

Allograft

Skin graft from one person to another

123

Autograft

Skin graft from a person' sown body

124

Dermatome

Instrument for cutting the skin

125

Dermatoplasty

Transplanting skin

126

Xenograft

Graft from an animal of another species (usually pig)

127

Cauterization

Destruction of tissue by using caustic chemicals, electric currents,heat, or freezing

128

Cryosurgery

Use of extreme cold to freeze and destroy tissue

129

Curettage

Removal of superficial skin lesions with a curette (instrument shaped like a spoon)

130

Debridement

Removal of foreign material and dead tissue from wound

131

Electrocautery

Destroy tissue with an electric current

132

Onychectomy

Removal of a nail

133

Chemabrasion

Abrasion using chemicals aka chemical peel

134

Dermabrasion

Abrasion using wire brushes or sandpaper

135

Rhytidectomy

Surgical removal of excess skin to eliminate wrinkles aka facelift

136

Antipruritic

Reduces severe itching

137

Deepest layer of the epidermis -scales continually grow and multiply, pushing old cells toward surface of skin

Basal layer

138

Hard protein that fills the dead cells as they are pushed to the surface and allow the skin to act as a waterproof barrier

Keratin

139

Special cells in the basal layer that produce melanin

Melanocytes

140

Black pigment responsible for skin color and protection from UV rays

Melanin

141

Strong, fibrous protein in connective tissue that forms a flexible glue that gives connective tissue its strength

Collagen fibers

142

Fat cells that make up the subcutaneous layer -protect deep tissues and act as insulation

Lipocytes

143

Sweat glands in pubic and underarm areas that secrete thicker sweat that produces odor when it comes into contact with skin bacteria

Apocrine glands

144

Pertaining to the skin

Cutaneous

145

Pertaining to the skin

Dermal

146

Pertaining to upon the skin

Epidermal

147

Pertaining to under the skin

Hypodermic

148

Pertaining to within the skin

Intradermal

149

Pertaining to under the skin

Subcutaneous

150

Pertaining to the nails

Ungual

151

Scraping away of skin surface by friction

Abrasion

152

Abnormal condition of no sweat

Anhidrosis

153

Collection of hardened sebum in follicle, aka a blackhead

Comedo

154

Injury caused by a blow to the body where the skin is not broken

Contusion

155

Bluish tint to the skin caused by deoxygenated blood

Cyanosis

156

Fluid-filled sac under the skin

Cyst

157

Loss of normal skin color or pigment

Depigmentation

158

Profuse sweating

Diaphoresis

159

Abnormal condition of skin discoloration caused by blood collecting under the skin after a blow aka a bruise

Ecchymosis

160

Redness or flushing of the skin

Erythema

161

Condition of having red or flushed skin

Erythroderma

162

Thick layer of dead tissue and fluid that develops over a burn

Eschar

163

Crack-like lesion or groove on the skin

Fissure

164

Excessive hair growth

Hirsutism

165

Redness of skin due to increased blood flow

Hyperemia

166

Abnormal condition of excessive sweat

Hyperhydrosis

167

Excessive skin pigments

Hyperpigmentation

168

Condition of scaly dry skin

Ichthyoderma

169

General term for wound, injury, or abnormality

Lesion

170

Skin that appears white because pigment is absent

Leukoderma

171

Fatty mass

Lipoma

172

Flat discolored area on skin Ex) freckle or birthmark

Macule

173

Abnormal condition of death

Necrosis

174

Pigmented skin blemish such as a birthmark or mole that is usually benign but could be cancerous

Nevus

175

Firm solid mass of cells in the skin larger than 0.5 cm

Nodule

176

Abnormal softening of the nail

Onychomalacia

177

Abnormal paleness of the skin

Pallor

178

Small circular raised spot on surface of skin less than 0.5 cm

Papule

179

Pinpoint purple or red spots from skin hemorrhages

Petechiae

180

Skin reacts abnormally when exposed to light

Photosensitivity

181

Severe itching

Pruritis

182

Hemorrhages in the skin due to fragile blood vessels, common in older adults

Purpura

183

Containing pus or an infection that is producing pus

Purulent

184

Raised spot on the skin that contains pus

Pustule

185

Presence of pus on or in the skin

Pyoderma

186

Skin becomes hardened

Scleroderma

187

Oily discharge

Seborrhea

188

Containing or producing pus

Suppurative

189

Open sore or lesion in skin or mucous membrane

Ulcer

190

Skin eruption of reddish wheals with severe itching, aka hives

Urticaria

191

Small fluid filled raised spot on the skin aka blister

Vesicle

192

Small round swollen area on the skin typically seen with allergic reactions

Wheal

193

Condition in which the skin is abnormally dry

Xeroderma

194

Collection of pus in the skin

Abscess

195

Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles

Acne

196

Chronic form of acne seen in adults involving redness, tiny pimples, and broken blood vessels primarily on cheeks and nose

Acne rosacea

197

Body is unable to make melanin, characterized by white hair and skin and red pupils

Albinism

198

Cancerous tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis, typically arises on sun exposed skin and does not spread -BCC

Basal cell carcinoma

199

Superficial layer and skin is reddened

First degree burn

200

Partial thickness with red skin and blisters

Second degree burn

201

Full thickness and charring

Third degree burn

202

Inflammation of connective tissue found in skin

Cellulitis

203

Determines percentage of body burned by dividing the body into sections

Rule of Nines

204

Open sore caused by pressure that cuts off Aka bedsore or pressure sore

Decubitus ulcer

205

Inflammation of the skin

Dermatitis

206

General term indicating presence of abnormal skin condition

Dermatosis

207

Late stages of gangrene characterized by affected area becoming dried, blackened, and shriveled

Dry gangrene

208

Superficial dermatitis accompanied by redness, vesicles, itching, and crusting

Eczema

209

Tissue necrosis usually due to deficient to blood supply

Gangrene

210

Abnormal condition in which the skin is dry and scaly

Ichthyosis

211

Highly infectious bacterial infection of the skin with pustules that rupture and crust over

Impetigo

212

Skin cancer frequently in aids patients, brownish-purple papules that spread to internal organs

Kaposi's sarcoma

213

Raised and thickened scar after injury or surgery

Keloid

214

Any skin condition involving overgrowth and thickening of epidermis

Keratosis

215

Torn or jagged wound

Laceration

216

Skin cancer caused by uncontrolled growth of melanocytes, can quickly spread

Malignant melanoma

217

Lice infestation

Pediculosis

218

Papules forming "silvery scale" patches with circular borders

Psoriasis

219

Contagious viral skin infection Aka German measles

Rubella

220

Egg laying mite burrows through the skin and causes redness and intense itching

Scabies

221

Cyst filled with sebum or oil from a sebaceous gland and may need to be excised

Sebaceous cyst

222

Scar

Cicatrix

223

Cancer of the epidermis layer of skin that may spread to deeper tissue, often starts as a sore that won't heal

Squamous cell carcinoma

224

Collection of dilated blood vessels causing a red birthmark that fades a fee months after birth

Strawberry hemangioma

225

Chronic disease of connective tissue characterized by red, scaly butterfly rash across cheeks and nose. Autoimmune condition

Systemic lupus erythematosis

226

Fungal skin disease resulting in itching, scaling lesions

Tinea

227

Fungal infection of scalp aka ringworm

Tinea capitis

228

Fungal infection of foot aka athletes foot

Tinea pedis

229

Contagious viral skin infection aka chickenpox

Varicella

230

Benign growth caused by a virus that is removed by chemicals aka warts

Verruca

231

Absence of skin pigment, also called leukoderma

Vitiligo

232

area of gangrene that becomes secondarily infected by pus-producing bacteria

Wet gangrene

233

Loss of hair aka baldness

Alopecia

234

Furuncle involving several hair follicles

Carbuncle

235

Bacterial infection of a hair follicle, redness pain and swelling. Aka boil

Furuncle

236

Abnormal condition of hair fungus

Trichomyosis

237

Infected nail bed

Onychia

238

Abnormal condition of nail fungus

Onychomycosis

239

Nail biting

Onychophagia

240

Infection of skin fold around a nail

Paronychia

241

Removal of bacteria from an infection, growing it to identify the bacteria and determine its sensitivity to antibiotics

Culture and sensitivity test

242

Piece of tissue removed by syringe to examine under a microscope to aid diagnosis

Biopsy

243

Scraping cells from tissue and examining under a microscope

Exfoliative cytology

244

Piece of tissue from a frozen specimen for examination under a microscope

Frozen section

245

Scrapings from lesions that are placed on a growth medium and examined to identify fungal growth

Fungal scrapings

246

Skin graft from one person to another

Allograft

247

Skin graft from a person' sown body

Autograft

248

Instrument for cutting the skin

Dermatome

249

Transplanting skin

Dermatoplasty

250

Graft from an animal of another species (usually pig)

Xenograft

251

Destruction of tissue by using caustic chemicals, electric currents,heat, or freezing

Cauterization

252

Use of extreme cold to freeze and destroy tissue

Cryosurgery

253

Removal of superficial skin lesions with a curette (instrument shaped like a spoon)

Curettage

254

Removal of foreign material and dead tissue from wound

Debridement

255

Destroy tissue with an electric current

Electrocautery

256

Removal of a nail

Onychectomy

257

Abrasion using chemicals aka chemical peel

Chemabrasion

258

Abrasion using wire brushes or sandpaper

Dermabrasion

259

Surgical removal of excess skin to eliminate wrinkles aka facelift

Rhytidectomy

260

Reduces severe itching

Antipruritic