MT Ch. 3-integumentary Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > MT Ch. 3-integumentary > Flashcards

Flashcards in MT Ch. 3-integumentary Deck (261)
Loading flashcards...
0

Skin & Function

Protective barrier that regulates temp., houses sensory receptors, and secretes sweat and sebum

1

Hair & Function

Provides some protection and associate with sensory receptors

2

Nail Function

Covers and protects tips of digits

3

Two Alternate Names for Skin

Integument and cutaneous membrane

4

Skin's Accessory Organs

Sweat glands, sebaceous glands, hair, and nails

5

Primary function of skin

Protection and a two-way barrier that keeps pathogens and harmful chemicals out

6

Sensory Receptors

Detect temperature, pain, touch, and pressure and are located in the skin

7

Sweat glands & alternate name

Sudoriferous glands Help maintain body temperature by trying to cool down

8

Sebaceous glands

Produce sebum that lubricates skin surface

9

Epidermis

Thin, outer skin layer

10

Dermis & alternate name

A.k.a. Corium (true skin) Middle, fibrous connective tissue layer -living tissue with blood supply

11

Subcutaneous layer & abbreviation

Subcu or Subq Innermost fatty tissue layer A.k.a hypodermis

12

What tissue is the epidermis?

Stratified squamous epithelium -flat, scale like cells arranged in overlapping layers

13

Basal layer

Deepest layer of the epidermis -scales continually grow and multiply, pushing old cells toward surface of skin

14

Keratin

Hard protein that fills the dead cells as they are pushed to the surface and allow the skin to act as a waterproof barrier

15

Melanocytes

Special cells in the basal layer that produce melanin

16

Melanin

Black pigment responsible for skin color and protection from UV rays

17

Collagen fibers

Strong, fibrous protein in connective tissue that forms a flexible glue that gives connective tissue its strength

18

Lipocytes

Fat cells that make up the subcutaneous layer -protect deep tissues and act as insulation

19

Apocrine glands

Sweat glands in pubic and underarm areas that secrete thicker sweat that produces odor when it comes into contact with skin bacteria

20

Cutaneous

Pertaining to the skin

21

Dermal

Pertaining to the skin

22

Epidermal

Pertaining to upon the skin

23

Hypodermic

Pertaining to under the skin

24

Intradermal

Pertaining to within the skin

25

Subcutaneous

Pertaining to under the skin

26

Ungual

Pertaining to the nails

27

Abrasion

Scraping away of skin surface by friction

28

Anhidrosis

Abnormal condition of no sweat

29

Comedo

Collection of hardened sebum in follicle, aka a blackhead