Common Combining Forms Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Common Combining Forms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Common Combining Forms Deck (579):
1

Abdomen

Abdomin/o

2

abdomen

lapar/o

3

Abdomin/o

Abdomen

4

Above

Super/o

5

acr/o

extremities

6

Addition

Prosthet/o

7

Aden/o

Gland Ex) adenopathy (gland disease)

8

adenoid/o

 

adenoids

9

adenoids

adenoid/o

 

10

Adip/o

Fat

10

adren/o

adrenal glands

11

adrenal glands

adren/o

12

adrenal glands

adrenal/o

13

adrenal/o

adrenal glands

14




aer/o




 

air

15

Agglutin/o

Clumping

16

air




aer/o




 

17

Albin/o

White

18

alges/o

sense of pain

19

alveol/o

alveolus, air sac

20

alveolus, air sac

alveol/o

21

an/o

anus

22

andr/o

male

23

Angi/o

Vessel

24

Anter/o

Front

24

Ankyl/o

Stiff joint

26

anthrac/o

coal

26

anus

an/o

27

anus and rectum

proct/o

28

Aort/o

Aorta

29

Aorta

Aort/o

30

append/o

appendix

31

appendic/o

appendix

32

appendix

append/o

33

appendix

appendic/o

34

Arm

Brachi/o

35

Arteri/o

Artery

36

Artery

Arteri/o

37

Arthr/o

Joint

38

Articul/o

Joint

38

astr/o

star

39

atel/o

incomplete

40

Ather/o

Fatty substance

41

Atri/o

Atrium

42

Atrium

Atri/o

43

Away from

Dist/o

44

axill/o

 

axilla (underarm)

46

axilla (underarm)

axill/o

 

47

Back

Poster/o

48

Back of body

Dors/o

48

bar/o

weight

50

Bas/o

Base

51

Base

Bas/o

52

Belly

Ventr/o

53

Below

Infer/o

54

Bent backwards

Lord/o

55

Bi/o

Life

55

bile duct

cholangi/o

57

bile, gall

chol/e

58

Black

Melan/o

58

Bladder

Vesic/o

59

bladder

cyst/o

60

Blood

Hem/o

61

Blood Ex) hematic (pertaining to blood)

Hemat/o

62

Blood vessel

Vascul/o

63

Blue

Cyan/o

64

Body

Corpor/o

65

Bone

Oste/o

66

Bone marrow

Myel/o

67

Brachi/o

Arm

67

brain

encephal/o

68

breast

mast/o

69

bronch/o

bronchus

69

breathing

spir/o

71

bronchi/o

bronchus

72

bronchiol/o

bronchiole

73

bronchiole

bronchiol/o

74

bronchus

bronch/o

75

bronchus

bronchi/o

76

Burs/o

Bursa

76

bucc/o

cheek

77

Bursa

Burs/o

78

Buttocks

Glute/o

79

calc/o

calcium

80

calcium

calc/o

81

Cancer Ex) carcinoma (cancerous tumor)

Carcin/o

82

Carcin/o

Cancer Ex) carcinoma (cancerous tumor)

83

Cardi/o

Heart Ex) cardiac (pertaining to heart)

84

Carp/o

Carpus

85

Carpus

Carp/o

86

Cartilage

Chondr/o

87

Caud/o

Tail

88

cec/o

cecum

89

cecum

cec/o

90

Cell

Cyt/o

91

Cephal/o

Head

91

cerebell/o

cerebellum

92

cerebellum

cerebell/o

93

cerebr/o

cerebrum

94

cerebrum

cerebr/o

95

Cervic/o

Neck

95

cheek

bucc/o

96

Chem/o

Chemical Ex) chemotherapy (treatment with chemicals)

97

Chemical Ex) chemotherapy (treatment with chemicals)

Chem/o

98

Chest

Steth/o

99

Chest

Pect/o

100

Chest/thorax

Thorac/o

101

Child, foot

Ped/o

102

chol/e

bile, gall

103

cholangi/o

bile duct

104

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

105

choledoch/o

common bile duct

106

Chondr/o

Cartilage

107

Chrom/o

Color

108

cirrh/o

yellow

109

Cis/o

To cut Ex) incision (cutting into)

110

Clavicle

Clavicul/o

111

Clavicul/o

Clavicle

112

clon/o

rapid contracting and relaxing

113

Clot

Thromb/o

114

Clotting

Coagul/o

115

Clumping

Agglutin/o

116

Coagul/o

Clotting

117

coal

anthrac/o

118

Coccyg/o

Coccyx

120

Coccyx

Coccyg/o

120

col/o

colon

121

Cold

Cry/o

122

colon

colon/o

123

colon

col/o

124

colon/o

colon

125

Color

Chrom/o

125

common bile duct

choleduch/o

127

coni/o

dust

128

Corpor/o

Body

129

Cortic/o

Outer portion

130

Cost/o

Rib

131

cough

tuss/o

132

Crani/o

Skull

133

Crin/o

To secrete

134

Crur/o

Leg

134

Crooked, bent

Scoli/o

136

Cry/o

Cold

137

Cutane/o

Skin

138

Cyan/o

Blue

139

cyst/o

bladder

140

Cyt/o

Cell

141

Death

Necr/o

142

dent/o

tooth

143

Derm/o

Skin

144

Dermat/o

Skin Ex)dermatology (study of skin)

145

Diaphor/o

Profuse sweating

146

diaphragmat/o

diaphragm

146

diaphragm

diaphragmat/o

148

Dilated vein

Varic/o

149

Disease Ex) pathology (study of disease)

Path/o

150

Dist/o

Away from

150

diverticul/o

pouch

152

Dors/o

Back of body

153

Dry

Xer/o

154

Duct/o

To bring

155

duoden/o

duodenum

156

duodenum

duoden/o

156

dur/o

dura mater

156

dura mater

dur/o

158

Ear Ex) otic (pertaining to the ear)

Ot/o

158

dust

coni/o

159

Ear Ex) otic (pertaining to the ear)

Ot/o

160

Eat, swallow

Phag/o

161

Electr/o

Electricity

162

Electricity

Electr/o

163

Embol/o

Plug

164

encephal/o

brain

165

Enter/o

Small intestine Ex) enteric (pertaining to small intestine)

166

Eosin/o

Rosy red

167

epiglott/o

larynx

168

Epitheli/o

Epithelium

169

Epithelium

Epitheli/o

170

Erythr/o

Red

171

esophag/o

esophagus

172

esophagus

esophag/o

173

esthes/o

sensation, feeling

174

estr/o

female

175

Extens/o

Stretch out

176

extremities

acr/o

177

Eye Ex) ophthalmic (pertaining to the eye)

Ophthalm/o

178

Eye Ex) ophthalmic (pertaining to the eye)

Ophthalm/o

179

Fasci/o

Fibrous band

181

Fatty substance

Ather/o

181

Fat

Lip/o

182

female

estr/o

183

Female Ex) gynecology (study of females)

Gynec/o

184

Femor/o

Femur

185

Femur

Femor/o

185

Fibers

Fibr/o

186

Fibers, fibrous

Fibrin/o

187

Fibr/o

Fibers

188

Fibrin/o

Fibers, fibrous

188

Fibrous band

Fasci/o

190

Fibul/o

Fibula

190

Fibula

Fibul/o

191

fire

pyr/o

192

Flesh

Sarc/o

193

Flex/o

To bend

194

Foot

Pod/o

195

Front

Anter/o

196

Fungus

Myc/o

197

Fus/o

Pouring

198

gallbladder

cholecyst/o

199

Gastr/o

Stomach Ex) gastric (pertaining to stomach)

200

gingiv/o

gums

201

Gland Ex) adenopathy (gland disease)

Aden/o

202

gli/o

glue

203

gloss/o

tongue

203

gluc/o

glucose

205

glucose

gluc/o

205

glue

gli/o

206

Glute/o

Buttocks

207

glyc/o

sugar

208

glycos/o

sugar

210

Granul/o

Granules

210

gonad/o

sex glands

211

Granules

Granul/o

212

grey matter

poli/o

213

groin

inguin/o

 

214

gums

gingiv/o

215

Gynec/o

Female Ex) gynecology (study of females)

216

Hair

Trich/o

217

Hair

Trich/o

218

Hard

Kerat/o

219

Head

Cephal/o

220

Heart

Coron/o

221

Heart Ex) cardiac (pertaining to heart)

Cardi/o

221

Heart muscle

Myocardi/o

223

Hem/o

Blood

224

Hemat/o

Blood Ex) hematic (pertaining to blood)

225

hepat/o

liver

226

Hidr/o

Sweat

227

Hist/o

Tissues

228

Humer/o

Humerus

228

home/o

sameness

229

Humerus

Humer/o

231

Hydr/o

Water Ex) hydrocele (protrusion of water in scrotum)

231

Hump

Kyph/o

232

Ichthy/o

Scaly, dry

234

ile/o

ileum

235

ileum

ile/o

236

ili/o

ilium

237

ilium

ili/o

238

Immun/o

Protection/immunity Ex) immunology (study of immunity)

239

incomplete

atel/o

240

Infection

Septic/o

241

Infer/o

Below

242

inguin/o

 

groin

243

Inner portion

Medull/o

244

Internal organs

Viscer/o

245

iod/o

iodine

246

iodine

iod/o

247

Isch/o

To hold back

248

ischi/o

ischium

249

ischium

ischi/o

250

jejun/o

jejunum

251

jejunum

jejun/o

252

Joint

Articul/o

252

kal/i

potassium

254

Kerat/o

Hard

255

ket/o

ketones

256

ketones

ket/o

257

Kinesi/o

Movement

257

Kidney Ex) nephromegaly (enlarged kidney)

Nephr/o

258

Kyph/o

Hump

259

labi/o

lip

260

Lamin/o

Lamina, part of vertebra

261

Lamina, part of vertebra

Lamin/o

263

lapar/o

abdomen

264

Laryng/o

Voice box/larynx Ex) laryngeal (pertaining to voice box)

265

Later/o

Side

265

larynx

epiglott/o

266

Leg

Crur/o

267

Leuk/o

White

268

Lice

Pedicul/o

270

Life

Bi/o

271

Light

Phot/o

272

lingu/o

tongue

273

Lip/o

Fat

273

lip

labi/o

274

lith/o

stone

275

liver

hepat/o

276

lob/o

lobe

277

lobe

lob/o

278

Lord/o

Bent backwards

279

Low back, loin

Lumb/o

280

Lumb/o

Low back, loin

281

lung

pneumon/o

 

282

Lung Ex) pulmonary (pertaining to the lungs)

Pulmon/o

283

lung, air

pneum/o

284

Lymph

Lymph/o

285

lymph node

lymphaden/o

 

286

lymph vessel

lymphangi/o

 

287

Lymph/o

Lymph

288

lymphaden/o

 

lymph node

289

lymphangi/o

 

lymph vessel

290

male

andr/o

291

Mandible

Mandibul/o

292

Mandibul/o

Mandible

293

mast/o

breast

294

Maxill/o

Maxilla

295

Maxilla

Maxill/o

296

Medi/o

Middle

297

Medull/o

Inner portion

297

medull/o

medulla oblongata

297

medulla oblongata

medull/o

299

Melan/o

Black

299

mening/o

meninges

299

meninges

mening/o

300

meninges

meningi/o

301

meningi/o

meninges

302

Metacarp/o

Metacarpus

303

Metacarpus

Metacarp/o

304

Metatars/o

Metatarsus

305

Metatarsus

Metatars/o

306

Middle

Medi/o

307

mineral/o

minerals, electrolytes

308

minerals, electrolytes

mineral/o

310

Morph/o

Shape

310

mouth

or/o

311

Movement

Kinesi/o

312

muc/o

mucus

313

mucus

muc/o

314

Muscle

Myos/o

315

Muscles

Muscul/o

316

Muscul/o

Muscles

317

My/o

Muscle

319

Myc/o

Fungus

319

Myel/o

Bone marrow, spinal cord

320

Myocardi/o

Heart muscle

322

Myos/o

Muscle

323

Nail

Ungu/o

324

nas/o

nose

325

natr/o

sodium

326

Near

Proxim/o

327

Neck

Cervic/o

328

Necr/o

Death

329

Nephr/o

Kidney Ex) nephromegaly (enlarged kidney)

330

Nerve Ex) neural (pertaining to a nerve)

Neur/o

331

nerve root

radicul/o

332

Neur/o

Nerve Ex) neural (pertaining to a nerve)

333

Neutr/o

Neutral

334

Neutral

Neutr/o

335

nose

nas/o

336

Nose Ex) rhinoplasty (surgical repair of the nose)

Rhin/o

337

nucle/o

 

nucleus

338

nucleus

nucle/o

 

339

odont/o

tooth

340

Oil

Seb/o

341

Ophthalm/o

Eye Ex) ophthalmic (pertaining to the eye)

341

Onych/o

Nail

342

or/o

mouth

343

Orth/o

Straight

345

Oste/o

Bone

346

Ot/o

Ear Ex) otic (pertaining to the ear)

347

Outer portion

Cortic/o

348

ovari/o

ovary

349

ovary

ovari/o

350

ox/i

oxygen

351

ox/o

oxygen

352

oxygen

ox/o

352

oxygen

ox/i

353

palat/o

palate

355

palate

palat/o

355

pancreas

pancreat/o

356

pancreat/o

pancreas

358

parathyroid gland

parathyroid/o

359

parathyroid/o

parathyroid gland

360

Patell/o

Patella

361

Patella

Patell/o

362

Path/o

Disease Ex) pathology (study of disease)

362

Pect/o

Chest

363

Ped/o

Child, foot

364

Pedicul/o

Lice

365

Pelv/o

Pelvis

366

Pelvis

Pelv/o

367

Peritone/o

Peritoneum

369

Peritoneum

Peritone/o

369

Peritoneum

Peritone/o

370

Phag/o

Eat, swallow

371

Phalang/o

Phalanges

372

Phalanges

Phalang/o

373

pharyng/o

pharynx

375

Phleb/o

Vein

375

pharynx

pharyng/o

376

Phot/o

Light

377

pineal gland

pineal/o

378

pineal/o

pineal gland

379

pituitar/o

pituitary gland

380

Plant/o

Sole of foot

380

pituitary gland

pituitar/o

382

Pleur/o

Pleura

383

Pleura

Pleur/o

384

Plug

Embol/o

385

pneum/o

lung, air

386

pneumon/o

 

lung

387

Pod/o

Foot

388

poison

toxic/o

389

poison

tox/o

 

390

polyp

polyp/o

390

poli/o

grey matter

392

polyp/o

polyp

392

pons

pont/o

393

pont/o

pons

394

Poster/o

Back

395

potassium

kal/i

396

pouch

diverticul/o

397

Pouring

Fus/o

398

proct/o

anus and rectum

400

Prosthet/o

Addition

400

Profuse sweating

Diaphor/o

401

Protection/immunity Ex) immunology (study of immunity)

Immun/o

402

Proxim/o

Near

403

Pub/o

Pubis

404

Pubis

Pub/o

405

Pulmon/o

Lung Ex) pulmonary (pertaining to the lungs)

406

Pulse

Sphygm/o

407

Pus

Py/o

408

Py/o

Pus

409

pylor/o

pylorus

410

pylorus

pylor/o

411

pyr/o

fire

412

Radi/o

Radius, x ray

413

radicul/o

nerve root

414

Radius, x ray

Radi/o

414

rapid contracting and relaxing

clon/o

416

rect/o

rectum

417

rectum

rect/o

418

Rectum and anus

Proct/o

419

Red

Erythr/o

420

retin/o

retina

421

retina

retin/o

422

Revolve

Rotat/o

423

Rhin/o

Nose Ex) rhinoplasty (surgical repair of the nose)

424

Rhytid/o

Wrinkle

426

Rib

Cost/o

427

Rosy red

Eosin/o

428

Rotat/o

Revolve

429

Sacr/o

Sacrum

430

Sacrum

Sacr/o

431

salivary gland

sialaden/o

432

sameness

home/o

433

Sanguin/o

Blood

434

Sarc/o

Flesh

435

Scaly, dry

Ichthy/o

436

Scapul/o

Scapula

437

Scapula

Scapul/o

438

Scler/o

Hard

439

Scoli/o

Crooked, bent

440

Seb/o

Oil

440

sensation, feeling

esthes/o

441

sense of pain

alges/o

442

Septic/o

Infection

442

Sept/o

Wall

443

sex glands

gonad/o

445

Shape

Morph/o

445

sheath (meninges)

thec/o

446

Side

Later/o

446

sialaden/o

salivary gland

447

sigmoid colon

sigmoid/o

448

sigmoid/o

sigmoid colon

449

sinus, cavity

sinus/o

451

sinus/o

sinus, cavity

452

Skin

Derm/o

453

Skin Ex)dermatology (study of skin)

Dermat/o

454

Skull

Crani/o

455

sleep

somn/o

456

Small intestine Ex) enteric (pertaining to small intestine)

Enter/o

457

sodium

natr/o

458

Sole of foot

Plant/o

459

somn/o

sleep

460

Son/o

Sound

461

Sound

Son/o

462

Sphygm/o

Pulse

463

Spin/o

Spine

464

Spine

Spin/o

465

spir/o

breathing

466

spleen

splen/o

 

467

splen/o

 

spleen

468

Spondyl/o

Vertebra

469

star

astr/o

470

Stern/o

Sternum

471

Sternum

Stern/o

473

Steth/o

Chest

474

Stiff joint

Ankyl/o

475

Stomach Ex) gastric (pertaining to stomach)

Gastr/o

476

stone

lith/o

477

Straight

Orth/o

478

Stretch out

Extens/o

479

sugar

glyc/o

481

sugar

glycos/o

482

Super/o

Above

483

Sweat

Hidr/o

484

Synov/o

Synovial membrane

485

Synovi/o

Synovial membrane

486

Synovial membrane

Synovi/o

488

System

System/o

489

System/o

System

490

Tail

Caud/o

491

Tars/o

Tarsus

492

Tarsus

Tars/o

493

Ten/o

Tendon

494

Tend/o

Tendon

495

Tendin/o

Tendon

496

Tendon

Tendin/o

497

testes

testicul/o

498

testicul/o

testes

499

thalam/o

thalamus

499

thalamus

thalam/o

500

thec/o

sheath (meninges)

501

Thorac/o

Chest/thorax

503

Thromb/o

Clot

504

thym/o

 

thymus gland

504

thymus gland

thym/o

 

506

thyr/o

thyroid gland

506

thymus gland

thym/o

508

thyroid/o

thyroid gland

508

thyroid gland

thyroid/o

510

Tibi/o

Tibia

510

Tibia

Tibi/o

511

Tissues

Hist/o

512

To bend

Flex/o

513

To bring

Duct/o

514

to cut

tom/o

515

To cut Ex) incision (cutting into)

Cis/o

516

To hold back

Isch/o

517

To secrete

Crin/o

518

To turn

Vers/o

519

ton/o

tone

519

tom/o

to cut

520

tone

ton/o

521

tongue

gloss/o

521

tongue

lingu/o

522

tonsill/o

 

tonsils

523

tonsils

tonsill/o

 

525

tooth

dent/o

526

tooth

odont/o

528

tox/o

 

poison

530

toxic/o

poison

531

trache/o

trachea, windpipe

533

trachea, windpipe

trache/o

535

Trich/o

Hair

537

tuss/o

cough

539

Uln/o

Ulna

541

Ulna

Uln/o

543

Ungu/o

Nail

545

Ur/o

Urine

547

Urine

Ur/o

549

Valv/o

Valve

551

Valve

Valv/o

553

Valvul/o

Valve

555

Varic/o

Dilated vein

557

Vas/o

Vessel

559

Vascul/o

Blood vessel

561

Vein

Ven/o

562

Ven/o

Vein

563

Ventr/o

Belly

564

Ventricle

Ventricul/o

565

Ventricul/o

Ventricle

566

Vers/o

To turn

567

Vertebr/o

Vertebra

568

Vertebra

Vertebr/o

569

Vesic/o

Bladder

570

Vessel

Angi/o

571

Viscer/o

Internal organs

572

Voice box/larynx Ex) laryngeal (pertaining to voice box)

Laryng/o

573

Wall

Sept/o

574

Water Ex) hydrocele (protrusion of water in scrotum)

Hydr/o

575

weight

bar/o

576

White

Albin/o

577

Wrinkle

Rhytid/o

578

Xer/o

Dry

579

yellow

cirrh/o