Musculo skeletal anatomy (chiro essentials pg37-39) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Musculo skeletal anatomy (chiro essentials pg37-39) Deck (50):
1

What bones are intra-cartilaginous ossification

All long bones except the Clavicle

2

What dones are inre-membranous ossicication

Clavicle, flat skull bones, axial skeleton

3

What type of joints are immoble

Synarthrosis (Fibrous)

4

What type of joints are slightly mobile

amphiarthrosis (cartilaginous)

5

What type of joints are mobile

diarthrosis (synovial)

6

What are the different axis of movement of a joint

uniaxial
Biaxial
Multiaxial

7

What is the classification of joints that are sutural

Syndesmosis

8

What is the classification of joints tha are interosseous membranes

Syndesmosis

9

What is the classification of tooth/tooth socket

Gomphosis

10

What are the different types of cartilaginous joints

Synchondrosis
Symphysis

11

What are examples of symphysis

IVD
Pubic symphysis
manubriosternal joint

12

What are thee types of synovial joints

Planar/gliding
Ginglymus/hinge
Trochoid/pivot
Condylar/ellipsoid
Sellar/saddle
Spheroidal/ball and socket

13

What is the articular surface of the synovial joints covere by

Hyaline cartilage

14

What synovial joints do not have hyaline cartilage on their surface

Temporomandibular
Sternoclavicular
Acromioclavicular

15

All midline joints are secondary cartilaginous joints except for what one

Median atlanto-axial (atlantodental)

It is trochoid synovial

16

What lines the interior of the fibrous joint capsule of the synovial joint

Synovial membrane

17

What cells make the synovium

Plump cells

18

What synovial cells are macrophagic

Type A synoviocytes

19

What synovial cells secrete synovial fluid

Type B synoviocytes

20

What is Hiltons law

Nerve which innervates a muscle that acts on a joint will also supply that joint and the skin around it

21

What part of bone has blood vessels

Haversian canals

22

What connects the Haversian canals together

Volkmann's canals

23

What surrounds the Haversian canals

Concentric lamellae

24

What comprise the lamellae

Lacunae
Osteocytes

25

What connects the lamellae togeher + allow osteocytes to communicate

Canaliculi

26

What makes up the bone-marix

Osteoblats
Osteoclasts

27

What bone cells build bone

Osteoblasts

28

What bone cells clear bone (increase blood Ca)

Osteoclasts

29

What is the outerlayer of cartilage made up of

Perichondrium

30

What part of cartilage contains chondroblasts and blood vessels

Perichondrium

31

What are the three types of cartilage

Hyaline
Elastic
Fibrocartilage

32

Why does it take so long for cartilage to recover from damage

It has no blood vessels or nerves (except for the outer layer)

33

What type of cartilage is made up of Type II collegen fibers

Hyaline

34

What type of cartilage is made up of Type II collegen and elastic fibers

Elastic cartilage

35

What type of cartilage is made up of Type I collegen

Fibrocartilage

36

What type of cartilage is found in intra-articular discs

Fibroelastic cartilage

37

What are the three main types of mucles

Skeletal
Smooth
Cardiac

38

Which type of muscle has a central nucleus and no stiation

Smooth

39

Which type of muscle has elongated peripheal nucleus

Skeletal

40

Which type of muscle has intercalated discs an has a central nucleus

Cardiac

41

What surrounds individual muscle fibers

Endomysium

42

A bundle of muscle fibers is called what

Fascicle

43

What surrounds a fascicle

Perimysium

44

What surrounds the entire muscle

Epimysium

45

What are the differnt shapes of muscles

Fusiform
Parallel
Triangular
Pennate
Circular

46

What type of muscle is thick in the middle and tapered at each end

Fusiform

47

What type of muscle is uniform in width

Parallel

48

What type of muscle is fan shaped

Triangular

49

What type of muscle is Feather shape

Pennate

50

What type of muscle forms rings around opening

Circular