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NUR 152 Final Exam > Musculoskeletal > Flashcards

Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Deck (16)
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1

connects muscle to bone

tendon

2

connects joints, bones, and cartilage

ligaments

3

metabolic complications of immobility

constipation, decreased metabolism, negative nitrogen balance, calcium resorption

4

respiratory complications of immobility

atelectasis, pneumonia

5

cardio complications of immobility

orthostatic hypotension, decreased cardiac output, risk for thrombus,

6

Virchow's triad

damage to vessel wall, alterations of blood flow, alterations in blood constituents all contribute to venous thrombus formation

7

musculoskeletal complications of immobility

muscle atrophy, disuse osteoporosis, joint contracture,

8

urinary elimination complications of immobility

urinary stasis, UTI, renal calculi

9

integumentary complications of immobility

pressure ulcers

10

nursing dx for immobility

impaired physical mobility, impaired bed mobility, impaired transfer ability, impaired walking, impaired wheelchair mobility, activity intolerance, risk for falls, imbalanced nutrition, constipation

11

assessment of immobility

gait, ROM, balance, fall risk, skin

12

interventions for immobility

early ambulation, isotonic, isometric, aerobic, anaerobic exercises,

13

how to use cane

top of cane level with hip
hold cane on stronger side
move cane first, followed by weaker side, then stronger leg

14

walkers

pt must be able to bear weight on both legs to use front-wheeled walker

15

What is SCD?

sequential compression devices

16

What are SCDs used for?

prevent edema in LE
prevent DVT and venous stasis
promote blood flow
prevent pulmonary emboli