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NUR 152 Final Exam > Respiratory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiratory Deck (11)
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1

cor pulmonale

hypertrophy of the right side of the heart, with or without HF
results from pulmonary HTN

2

atelectasis

collapse of the alveoli that prevents normal exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide

3

diffusion

exchange of respiratory gases

4

clubbing

caused by chronic lack of oxygen

5

causes of barrel chest

overuse of accessory muscles to breathe and air trapping in emphysema

6

hypoxia

inadequate tissue oxygenation at the cellular level

7

S/Sx of hypoxia

decreased LOC
restless
confusion
dizzy
behavioral changes
central cyanosis
increased pulse and RR

8

Interventions to reduce atelectasis or pneumonia post-op/immobile

incentive spirometer
deep breathing/coughing exercises
postural drainage
chest percussion
noninvasive positive pressure ventilation NPPV
early ambulation
sitting upright

9

recommended INR level

2.0-3.0

10

S/SX of right sided heart failure

"AW HEAD"
A- Anorexia and nausea
W- Weight gain
H- Hepatomegaly
E- Edema (bipedal)
A- Ascites
D- Distended neck vein (JVD)

11

S/SX of left sided heart failure

"DO CHAP"
D- Dyspnea
O- Orthopnea
C- Cough, Crackles
H- Hemoptysis
A- Adventitious breath sounds
P- Pulmonary congestion