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NUR 152 Final Exam > labs > Flashcards

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1

RBC count

male: 4.7--6.1 cells/mm3
female: 4.2--5.4 cells/mm3

2

decreased RBC count

anemia, renal disease, hemorrhage, chronic infection

3

increased RBC count

major burn, cardiovascular disease, chronic lung disease, congenital heart disease

4

hemoglobin

male: 14--18 g/dL
female: 12--16 g/dL

5

decreased hgb

anemia, renal disease, chronic infection, hemorrhage

6

increased hgb

major burn, cardiovascular disease, chronic lung disease, congenital heart disease

7

hematocrit

male: 42%--52%
female: 37%--48%

8

decreased HCT

anemia, chronic infection, renal disease, hemorrhage

9

increased HCT

major burns. congenital heart disease, cardiovascular disease, chronic lung disease

10

WBC count

5000--10000

11

decreased WBC

aplastic anemia, chronic leukemia

12

increased WBC

acute leukemia, surgery, trauma, infection

13

segmented neutrophils

2500--8000

14

decreased segmented neutrophils

anaphylactic shock, anorexia nervosa, stress, RA

15

increased segmented neutrophils

septicemia, acidosis, CA of the liver, GI, bone marrow

16

neutrophils (bands)

0--3%

17

increased neutrophil bands

acute hemolysis of RBC, acute pyogenic infection, emotional/physical stress, tissue necrosis

18

decreased neutrophil bands

leukemia
viral (measles, rubella, hepatitis, mono)

19

lymphocytes

20%--40%
1000--4000

20

decreased lymphocytes

acute Tb
AIDS, HF, SLE, Hodgkin's disease
renal failure, myesthenia gravis

21

increased lymphocytes

Crohn disease
ulcerative colitis
infectious mono
drug hypersensitivity
viral (mumps, rubella, rubeola)

22

monocytes

100-700

23

decreased monocytes

acute stress reaction
overwhelming infection

24

increased monocytes

chronic inflammatory disorder
syphilis, Tb
chronic ulcerative colitis

25

eosinophils

50--500

26

decreased eosinophils

severe infection, trauma, shock, stress

27

increased eosinophils

allergic disease
CA: lung, ovary, stomach
parasitic infection
Hodgkin's disease
polycythemia
ulcerative colitis

28

basophils

25--100

29

decreased basophils

acute infection
Graves disease
pregnancy
shock
stress

30

increased basophils

chickenpox
chronic sinusitis
measles
ulcerative colitis