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NUR 152 Final Exam > Sleep > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sleep Deck (11)
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1

sleep apnea

absence of breathing for at least 10 seconds during sleep bw snoring intervals

2

sleep apnea interventions

CPAP
weight loss
decrease alcohol
no tobacco
surgery

3

sleep apnea complications

pulmonary hypertension
cardiac dysrhythmias
left sided HF

4

risk factors for sleep apnea

obesity, large neck circumference, smoking, alcohol, familial

5

improve sleep interventions

sleep environment
sleep routine
sleep hygiene
daytime naps
decrease caffeine, alcohol, nicotine
no exercise 2 hrs before bed
no heavy meals

6

Stage 1 NREM

few minutes long
lightest level of sleep
easily aroused
decreased physiological activity
gradual fall in vital signs and metabolism

7

Stage 2 NREM

10-20 minutes
period of sound sleep
easily aroused
relaxation progresses
body functions continue to slow

8

Stage 3 NREM

15-30 minutes
initial stages of deep sleep
muscles are completely relaxed
vitals decline but remain regular
rarely moves
more difficult to arouse

9

Stage 4 NREM

15-30 minutes
deepest stage of sleep
vitals significantly lower than during waking hours
sleepwalking, enuresis
difficult to arouse

10

REM

usually starts 90 minutes after falling asleep
last about 20 minutes
vivid, full color dreams
rapid eye movement
fluctuating HR, RR
increased or fluctuating BP
loss of skeletal muscle tone
increased gastric secretions
very difficult to arouse

11

purpose of sleep

provides healing and restoration