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NUR 152 Final Exam > Nutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (16)
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1

nutritional assessment

food recall
ht, wt, BMI
vitals
labs
skin, teeth
allergies
recent weight gain/loss
food preferences
difficulty swallowing
aspiration risk

2

Types of nursing dx r/t nutrition

impaired swallowing
risk for aspiration
imbalanced nutrition
feeding self-care deficit

3

Kosher diet

restriction of pork, shellfish, rare meats, blood
don't combine dairy and meat
restrictions on Sabbath

4

Catholic diet

days of fasting, especially Fridays during Lent

5

Islamic diet

no alcohol, pork, caffeine
fasting prior to sundown during Ramadan

6

Mormon diet

no alcohol, caffeine, tobacco

7

Seventh-Day Adventist diet

vegetarian; no alcohol

8

Buddhists diet

vegetarian; no meat or meat-by-products

9

clear liquid diets

usually for pt with GI distress, pre/post-op, prior to some dx test

10

full liquid diet

foods that are liquid at body temp
used for pt with dental work, GI issue

11

Pureed diet

blended
used for pt with difficult swallowing for chewing

12

Mechanical soft diet

ground meat or soft-cooked food
for pt with difficult chewing

13

Thickened liquids

used for dysphagia and aspiration risk

14

diabetic diet

ADA
control carb intake
high fiber complex carbs over simple carbs

15

cardiac diet

low cholesterol
low sodium
minimize intake of animal products

16

renal diet

restrict potassium, sodium, protein, phosphorus
fresh fruit and veggies