Neoplasia I Flashcards Preview

Pathology II > Neoplasia I > Flashcards

Flashcards in Neoplasia I Deck (46):
1

process of uncontrolled growth

neoplasia

2

abnormal mass of tissue

neoplasm

3

accumulation of cells due to proliferation and or evasion of apoptosis

neoplasia

4

grwoth exceeds and is uncoordinated with normal tissue

neoplasm

5

locally invasive with no tendency for metastasis

intermediate tumor

6

pre-invasive cell proliferation with cytological features of malignancy

carcinoma in situ (dysplasia)

7

determines biologic behavior

parenchyma

8

tumor derives its name based on the

parenchyma

9

determines growth and evolution of tumor

stroma

10

from a gland

adenoma

11

benign epithelial tissue tumor

papilloma

12

malignant epithelial tissue tumor

carcinoma

13

benign mesenchymal tissue tumor

- oma

14

malignant mesenchymal tissue tomor

-sarcoma

15

smooth muscle benign tumor

leiomyoma

16

adenomas with cavities or cysts

cystadenomas

17

club shaped benign growth or hyperplasia

polyp

18

produces finger-like benign projections from epithelial surfaces

papilloma

19

melanoma

malignant

20

lymphoma

malignant

21

seminoma

malignant

22

hepatoma

malignant

23

astroctyoma

malignant

24

granuloma

not even a tumor

25

hematoma

not even a tumor

26

hamartoma

not a tumor

disorganized growth of tissues normally found at a given site

27

choristoma

not a tumor

normal tissue in a foreign location

28

capsule generally absent

malignant

29

rapid growth

malignant

30

more common malignat

carcinoma

31

better prognosis malignant

carcinoma

32

distant metastais presents earlier

sarcoma

33

initial mode of spread to blood )hematogenous)

sarcoma

34

initial spread to lymphatic

carcinoma

35

hematopoietic cell cancer (bone marrow stem cells)

leukemia

36

lymphoid tissue cancer

lymphomas

37

most common extranodal site for a primary malignant lymphoma

stomach

38

most common adult leukemia and overall leukemia

CLL chronic lymphocytic leukemia

39

most common childhood leukemia and cancer

acute lymphocytic leukemia ALL

40

tumor composed of more than one parenchymal cell type and erived from more than one germ layer

teratoma

41

benign teratoma

mature teratoma

42

malignant teratoma

immature teratoma

43

poorly differentiatied tumro

malignant

44

well-differentiatied tumora

malignant or benign

45

pulmonary hamartoma

firm and discrete lesion
often have calcifications
most are small
coin lesion

46

development of benign polps in teh GI tract and hyperpigmented macules in lips and oral mucosa

peutz-jeghers syndrome

hamartoma