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Flashcards in Neuro Deck (18)
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1

What are the structural anomalies caused by defects in craniocervical and/or hindbrain development? What are two main symptoms?

CHI-ARI Malformations...1.occipital headache 2.cerebellar dysfunction (dizziness)

2

Which AREA of the brain is responsible for the ability to speak coherent and complete sentences? (MOTOR ability)

BROCA Area (can speak nouns and verbs, but cannot complete sentences)

3

Which AREA of the brain is responsible for speech COMPREHENSION?

WERNICKE AREA (can speak words, but they are sensible)

4

DONDE ESTA WERNICKE area?

CAUDAL superior TEMPORAL Gyrus

5

DONDE ESTA BROCA area?

inferior FRONTAL gyrus

6

PRE-central gyrus is the PRIMARY _______ area

MOTOR

7

POST-central gyrus is the PRIMARY _______ area

SENSORY

8

Unmyelinated neurons are also referred to as GROUP ___ nerve fibers. The AFFERENT neurons conduct ____ SENSATION, and the EFFERENT neurons transmit SLOW-ONSET _____, ______, or _____ PAIN

GROUP C....HEAT sensation...DULL, BURNING, or VISCERAL pain

9

MOTOR neuron axons to skeletal muscles are myelinated, allowing for rapid conduction velocity (aka GROUP ____-_____ nerve fibers)

Group A-ALPHA nerve fibers

10

Pacinian corpuscles mediated touch and vibration and are innervated by myelinated ___-___ fibers

A-beta fibers

11

PRE-ganglionic AUTONOMIC nervous system fibers (BOTH sympathetic and parasympathetic) are myelinated and are known as ___ fibers

GROUP B fibers

12

What is the most common manifestation of a PINEAL GLAND TUMOR?

UPWARD GAZE PALSY

13

In HSV encephalitis, which region of the brain is it most affiliated with?

Temporal lobe

14

Which region of the brain plays an important role in subjective emotional experience, pain, body representation and conscious cravings? (drug abusers have INCREASED activity)

INSULA

15

KLUVER-BUCY syndrome can result from bilateral damage to the _______ lobes, particularly the _______...caused by TBI or HSV encephalitis

TEMPORAL lobes, AMYGDALAE

16

_______ ________ is a MEDICATION-induced movement disorder characterized by abnormal involuntary movements of the MOUTH, TONGUE, trunk, and extremeities. Its due to PROLONGED exposure to DOPAMINE-blocking agents causing UPREGULATION and supersensitivity of DOPAMINE RECEPTORS

TARD-ive DYS-Kin-esia

17

UNCAL herniation results in palsy of the ipsilateral _______ nerve causing DILATION and FIXATION of the ipsilateral pupil

Oculomotor Nerve CN III

18

_______ hemorrhages typically cause PINPOINT PUPILS, loss of horizontal gaze, quadriparesis, decerebate posturing and a rapidly evolving coma

PONTINE