Non-Specific Patient Presentations Flashcards Preview

Pathology > Non-Specific Patient Presentations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Non-Specific Patient Presentations Deck (20):
1

Fatigue

normal unless persistent
psych or physical- depression, anxiety, substance abuse

2

Chronic Fatigue

from Epstein Barr Virus

3

Unintentional Weight Loss

from depression, anorexia nervosa, bulimia
disease of organ system- cancer

4

Low Grade Fever

<101

5

Moderate Fever

=102

6

High Grade Fever

>103

7

Fever in Newborns

99

8

Inflammatory Cytokines released during fevers

IL-1
TNF-a

9

Regulate temperature

hypothalamic nuclei

10

Fever of Unknown Origin

at least 3 weeks
>101
failure to diagnose after 3 outpatient visits or 3 days hospitalized

11

Likely Causes of FUO

Infection
Neoplasms
Autoimmune
Misc
Idiopathic

12

Headache Alarms

Visual Loss- GCA
Disequilibrium- Claudication
Confusion/ lethargy
new onset seizure

13

Migraines

mostly young women (20-30)
unilateral, alternates sides
lasts 4-72 hours
aura; light and work aversion

14

Tension Headache

all ages and both genders
late in day
30min - 1 week
band- like distribution

15

Cluster Headache

wake people up
present w/ red eyes and nasal stuffiness
may cause Horner's Syndrome

16

Preganglionic or postganglionic lesion in sympathetic nervous system b/t hypothalamus and eye

larger than normal pupil

17

Giant Cell Arteritis

age 60+
arteries are inflamed
can cause blindness

18

Therapy for GCA

prednisone

19

Brain Tumors

cause HA and interrupt sleep
nausea and visual changes that get more severe
worse in morning
likely produces other physical and neurological issues

20

Stroke Observation

F- face paralyzed?
A- can arms be held parallel to ground?
S- speech slurred?
T- Time to hospital ASAP