Normal Gait Flashcards Preview

MOHD4: Exam 5 > Normal Gait > Flashcards

Flashcards in Normal Gait Deck (15):
1

standing human body + coordinated movement

Locomotion

2

Center of gravity passes

Usually between metatarsal heads and heel

3

Swing phase of gait cycle

When given extremity remains off the ground

4

Stance phase of gait cycle

Portion of gait cycle when extremity remains on the ground

5

Holding joint immobile to avoid full range of motion

Antalgic Gait

If injury is on the right, will spend less time on the right

6

Purposes of Gait Aids

To unload
To support
To balance (increase base)

7

Axillary crutch

most proximal, can cause vascular or neurologic injury (axillary artery, brachial plexus posterior cord)

8

Platform crutch

mimimizes stress to hands, wrist

9

Lofstrand crutch

forearm cuff allows use of hands

10

Deficient Anterior Tibial Compartment Gait

slap foot gait, steppage gait

weakness in dorsiflexion, inadequate control of plantar flexion

11

Femoral neuropathy leads to

Quadriceps deficient gait (back knee gait)

12

How does steppage gait compensate?

hiking hip (increase hip flexor, knee flexor)

13

Quadriceps deficient gait

throughout stance, knee must be locked into hyper extension by compensatory G-max on thigh, on soleus (hand on thigh)

14

Spastic Hemiplegia Gait

Cause

Compensation

Lower limb lengthened by hip + knee extension

Compensation via elevation of pelvis on involved side

15

Standing is passive except for

Plantarflexion