Opioid Analgesics Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology Test II > Opioid Analgesics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Opioid Analgesics Deck (12):
1

What drug class is most effective in relief of severe pain?

What drugs are within this class?

strong opioid agonist

morphine, methadone

2

What are the opioid receptors? (3)

mu

delta

kappa

3

What drug class can reverse the coma and respiratory depression caused by morphine overdose?

Name the drugs within this class.

opioid antagonists

Narcan, Naltrexone

4

Strong opioid agonists have a high affinity for ___ receptors.

mu

5

What is a moderate opioid agonist?

codeine

6

What are mixed opioid agonist-antagonist drugs also known as partial agonists.  

Note: partial agonists are used to produce a submaximal response.

pentazocine

buprenorphine

7

What is the advantage to using mixed opioid agonist-antagonists?

good for lowering abuse potential for drug abusers

8

Which drug class is often used in combination with non-opioid analgesics for the treatment of moderate pain?

moderate opioid agonist, codeine

9

Pentazocine is a drug for what drug abusers?

What is it an agonist for?

What is it an antagonist for?

morphine

k agonist

mu antagonist

10

Buprenophine is a drug good for what type of drug abusers?

mu agonist

kappa antagonist

coke and heroin abuse

11

What drug is good for severe pain, MI, and cancer?

10% opium

strong opioid agonist, morphine

12

What drug is:

metabolized to morphine

combined with aspirin and acetominophen

added to cough syrups

for moderate pain

 

codeine

tramadol