Renal / Diabetic Drugs Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology Test II > Renal / Diabetic Drugs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Renal / Diabetic Drugs Deck (18):
1

What drug indicated for:

bicarb elimination
high altitude sickness
weak diuresis
glaucoma

acetazolamide

Diamox

2

What drug:

inhibits carbonic anhydrase in proximal tubule
prevents bicarb reabsorption

acetazolamide

Diamox

3

What are the side effects of acetazolamide? (3)

 

hypokalemia
hypersensitivity rxn
acidosis

4

What drug:

diuresis
increases renal blood flow/GFR
treats acute cerebral edema
treats acute renal failure
decreases extracellular volume

mannitol

5

What drug works on this site:

late proximal tubule
descending loop of henle

mannitol

"Man, this is fun descending down the hill"

6

What are the side effects of mannitol? (3)

dehydration

hypokalemia

pharmacologically inert

7

What drug:

diuresis in chronic and up to severe volume states
HTN
hypercalcemia

 

furosemide

Lasix

 

8

What drug works on:

Na/K/Cl co-transporter in ascending tubule

furosemide

Lasix

"I get FURious going up that hill."

9

What are the side effects of furosemide? (4)

hypersensitivity rxn

hypokalemia

hypo Ca and Mg

ototoxicity

10

What drug is for:

HTN
diuresis

thiazides

11

What drug works on:

NaCl co-transporter in distal tubule

thiazide

12

What are the side effects of thiazides? (3)

hypersensitivity

hypokalemia

hyperglycemia

13

What drugs (2):

weak diuresis
K sparing

triamterene

amiloride

I'd like to Tri to Ameliorate your potassium problems.

14

What drug:

inhibits Na channels in the collecting duct

tramterene

amiloride

15

What is the side effect of triamterene and amiloride?

hyperkalemia

16

What drug:

weak diuresis
K sparing

spironolactone

17

What drug is a competitive antagonist of aldosterone receptors in the collecting duct?

What are the side effects of this drug?

sprionolactone

hyperkalemia

18

What is an inhaled insulin drug?

Exubera