Flashcards in Ortho Deck (88)
what is the most common type of amputation?
how to tx an amputation
stop bleeding, salvage if possible
wrap in sterile gauze- soak in lactated ringer's, place in plastic bag and then place on ice
what is Virchow's triad?
what PE signs are significant for DVT
Homan's Sign (+/-) unreliable
palpable cords (feels like guitar strand)
what is the gold standard for DVT
what is the typical imaging for DVT
venous doppler (US)
Signs of a PE
pleuritic chest pain
EKG R BBB
tx for PE
what usually causes necrotizing fascitis
Group A Strep > clostridia
best places to treat nacrotizing fascitis
most common hand infection – at nail fold – nail bitters
what shows an infection, will be tender along sheath proximally – finger held flexed with pain on passive ext., sausage digit
what abx do you use for a "fight bite"
Abx to use for dog or cat bites?
All trauma pts. should remain in a cervical collar until c
complete C-Spine XR from occiput to T1 are (-), including AP, LAT, Odontoid Views
awake, sober, alert, and full range of motion w/o pain and no neuro deficits
if a trauma patient has an ALOC what should you get?
XR of entire spine
what is a C1 ring fracture called
What is a C2 isthmus fx known as
What is an avulsion fracture of the spinous process from C6-T1 known as?
what are the three columns of spine injury?
failure of the anterior column with preservation of the middle column
fracture of the anterior and middle column with axial load +/- posterior column involvement (more likely to be unstable)
where does the spinal cord usually end?
sacral fracture have a high incidence of what?
neuro injury (check for drop foot)
what is the gold standard for coccyx fracture?
pain w/ rectal exam and defecation
tx for coccyx fracture
what drug can you give to trauma patients for any neuro deficit