Flashcards in Osteoporosis Deck (20):
What characterizes Osteoporosis? (4)
Low bone mass
Deterioration of bone tissue
Compromised bone strength
Increased risk of fracture
What factors determine peak bone mass? (4)
Physical activity and health during growth
Increased bone loss by? (4)
High bone turnover
Removing older bone
Replacing old bone with new bone
Where are the changes in osteoporosis?
Thinning of trabeculae
Women of what age are more at risk?
Over 50, postmenopausal
What dietary inadequacies can cause osteoporosis? (4)
Low Vit D
Excess Vit A
Cystic fibrosis causes a problem with what in bones?
Turners is what chromosome defect?
Klinefelter's are what chromosome problem?
Cushing's syndrome or exogenous corticosteroids cause whaT?
Hyperparathyroid results in what?
Too much calcium taken from the bone
Gastrointestinal disorders affect what in osteoporosis?
Fractures of dorsal spine can lead to what?
Main screen and diagnostic study for osteoporosis?
DEXA (Dual xray absorbiometry
DEXA is based on what?
Density, not morphology
What is osteomalacia?
Impaired mineralization of the bony matrix
Neoplasm metastatic to bone can cause what?