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Flashcards in other 2 Deck (16):
1

HBV treatment

1. IFN-α
2. entecavir
3. tenofovir

2

pneumonia by pseudomonas - treatment

gentamycin

3

How listeria survive in the cell

listeriolysin 0 (a preformed toxin) selectively activated within acidified phagosomes --> escape from phagosome

4

staphyloccoci according to mannitol fermentation

only S. aureus

5

Pertussis phases

1. Catarrhal phase (like URI)
2. Paroxysmal phase - severe coughing spells with clasic inspiratory whoop or post-tussive emesis
3. Convalescent phase - cough improves

6

virus that causes Steven Johsnon

CMV

7

how to distinguish E. coli from Enterobacter

E.coli is indole (+)

8

pathognomonic histology for hepatic schistosomiasis

periportal "pipestem" fibrosis

9

Bacteria - how to survive intracellulary

1. by blocking the fusion of phagosomes with lysosome (salmonela + TB)
2. by inhibiting phagolysosome acidification (TB)
3. Escaping from phagosome into the cytpsol (Listeria, Shigella)

10

B19 virus protein binds to

erythrocyte P antigen

11

Dracunculus medinensis - transmission / causes

- Drink water with lavrae
- skin + soft tissue infection

12

B. henselae is visuable in

Warthin-starry stain

13

Chikungunya

- a febrile illness with flulike, polyarthralgia/arthritis, rash
- AEDES mosquito (like Yellow + Dengue)

14

katayaam fever - mechanism and manifestation

Schistosomiasis:
1. fever 2. hepatosplenomegaly 3. eosinophilia

15

mechanism of mycoplasma induced anemia

similarity between antigens in the cell membranes of Mycoplasma + the cell membrane of erythrocytes
(I-antigen)

16

initial of empiric therapy coag (-) staph infection

vancomicin (due to widespread methicillin resistance, esp in nosocomial infections)
- if methicillin sensitive --> switch to nafcillin or oxacillin