Outline III: Renaissance Period to Modern Times Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Outline III: Renaissance Period to Modern Times Deck (34):
1

Duration of the Renaissance period

Fourteenth to seventeenth centuries

2

Date of Italian Renaissance

(C. 1350-1675)

3

Date of the Philosopher's Garden period (formative period)

(1430-1500)

4

Many independent republics; some of which were continuously at war with one another; all was Catholic, with allegiance to the Pope in Rome; humanism became the new philosophical outlook

Italian Renaissance

5

Design expressions of the Italian Renaissance (4 Key Points)

Residential houses and gardens (villas) of the formative period
High Renaissance Villas
Baroque Period Villas
Urban Civic Space Design (Piazzas)

6

A designer during the Italian Renaissance

Michelozzo
Guiliano Sangallo
Bramante
Raphael
Ligorio and Olivieri
Tribolo
Vignola
Fontana
Rossolino
Brunelleschi
Michelangelo
Bernini

7

Date of the Italian High Renaissance

(1500-1575)

8

The person who articulated the systemized design theory in his ten-volume book De Re Aedificatoria (1452)

Leonbatista Alberti

9

Date of Italian Baroque period

(1575-1675)

10

Period when the diagonal or radial patterns were introduced

Italian Baroque Period

11

Date of France Renaissance

(1495-1750)

12

This peninsula varies from flat in the south to mountainous in the north; extremely hot and dry in the south to lush, cool, and temperate in the Alps of the north; good agricultural lands

Italy

13

Date of Early French Renaissance

(1495-1550)

14

Politically unified country by mid-16th century with the king as absolute ruler

France

15

Describe Early French Renaissance chateau (4 Key Points)

Added onto existing medieval castles
Irregular in arrangement
Not architecturally integrated with residence
Gardens walled and often surrounded by moat

16

Date of French High Renaissance

(1550-1656)

17

Person who developed the French grand style, baroque

Andre Le Notre

18

Date of the French Baroque

(1656-1720s)

19

A designer in the French Renaissance period

Le Notre
Martin Charbonnier
Henry Wise
Andre Mollet
J. Effner
von Erloch
Hildebrandt
Le Blond
Cartier
Boutelet
Vanvitelli
Haussmann

20

Date of England Renaissance

(1480-1715)

21

Cool and moist climate with considerable less bright sunshine than in continental or Mediterranean countries

England

22

A small island with subtle landscape variations, from the rocky coasts of the southwest in Cornwall to the flat expanses of the east coast in East Anglia to the Pennine moorlands of Yorkshire and Northumberland

England

23

Date of the Reformation Period in England

(1536-1539)

24

Politically unified under a monarch (king or queen), with parliamentary form of government

England

25

Roman Catholicism was the predominant religion in England until 1534, and was subsequently reformed the church into what kind of church

Church of England (Anglican)

26

Two persons who run the British Commonwealth; the Lord Protectors

Oliver and Richard Cromwell

27

The person who abolished the Parliament in England and was executed in 1647

Charles I

28

Continental European temperate climate with cold, snowy winters and warm, sunny summers supporting a rich agricultural productivity

France

29

5 periods during the English Renaissance

Tudor Period (1480-1603)
Elizabethan Period (1558-1603)
Jacobean Period (1603-1625)
Political Turmoil (1629-1660)
English High Renaissance (1660-1715)

30

Period and term that describes the great increase in rural estate development following reformation and subsequent redistribution of monastic land holdings to Henry VIII's friends

Tudor Period, "Landed Gentry"

31

A transition period to larger, more formal, ornate gardens; axial master plans began; increased use of topiary; increased influence from the European continent

Elizabethan Period

32

Restoration Period in the English Renaissance

(1660-1688)

33

Period when the English royal family wes restored to the throne; large number of formal gardens and related environmental impacts lead to the reduction of forest areas, game habitats, and game populations

English High Renaissance

34

Period where there is increased influence from Italy; when Inigo Jones returned from study in Italy and Vitruvius translated into English

Jacobean Period