Flashcards in Ovarian Pathology Deck (177)
T/F? Ovaries are covered by a single layer of cells called the peritoneum.
FALSE, germinal epithelium
This contains the ovarian follicles and corpus lutea.
This is composed of ovarian fibrous tissue and blood vessels.
T/F? An ovarian cyst is more than 3 cm long.
T/F? An ovarian follicle is less than 2 cm long.
FALSE, 3 cm
During the proliferative phase, many follicles increase in size until about day __ due to the stimulation by the __ hormones.
8 or 9, FSH and LH
If the fluid in one of the non-dominant follicles is not reabsorbed...
a follicular cyst develops.
The ovaries are bound __ by the umbilical artery.
The ovaries are bound __ by the ureter and the iliac vessels.
The fimbria of the fallopian tube lie __ to the ovary.
superior and lateral
T/F? The ovarian ligaments are rigid and do not allow the ovary to be mobile.
FALSE, flexible and very mobile
The right ovarian vein drains into the __.
The left ovarian vein drains into the __.
left renal vein.
Three kinds of functional ovarian cysts...
2. corpus luteum
This is the most common cause of ovarian enlargement in young women.
functional ovarian cyst
Most functional cysts typically resolve within __ menstrual cycles.
Follow up of larger functional cysts is usually __ weeks later to show changed appearance or resolution.
This type of cyst can form when ovulation does not occur or when a mature follicle involutes.
Follicular cysts range from __ in size.
3 cm - 8 cm
T/F? Follicular cysts are usually unilateral.
This type of functional ovarian cyst occurs after an egg has been released from the dominant follicle.
These are less common than follicular cysts but tend to be larger and more symptomatic.
What is the major symptom of a corpus luteal cyst?
T/F? Corpus luteal cysts are usually unilateral.
The corpus luteum continues until what week of pregnancy?
This hyperechoic structure results from the regression of a luteal structure from a previous cycle.
Hemorrhage may occur in __ or __ cysts.
follicular, corpus luteum
The presence of __ helps confirm the diagnosis of a leaking or ruptured hemorrhagic cyst.
free fluid in the cul-de-sac
These are the largest of the functional ovarian cysts.