Ovarian Pathology Flashcards Preview

OB/GYN Scanning > Ovarian Pathology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ovarian Pathology Deck (177)
Loading flashcards...
1

T/F? Ovaries are covered by a single layer of cells called the peritoneum.

FALSE, germinal epithelium

2

This contains the ovarian follicles and corpus lutea.

cortex

3

This is composed of ovarian fibrous tissue and blood vessels.

medulla

4

T/F? An ovarian cyst is more than 3 cm long.

true

5

T/F? An ovarian follicle is less than 2 cm long.

FALSE, 3 cm

6

During the proliferative phase, many follicles increase in size until about day __ due to the stimulation by the __ hormones.

8 or 9, FSH and LH

7

If the fluid in one of the non-dominant follicles is not reabsorbed...

a follicular cyst develops.

8

The ovaries are bound __ by the umbilical artery.

anteriorly

9

The ovaries are bound __ by the ureter and the iliac vessels.

posteriorly

10

The fimbria of the fallopian tube lie __ to the ovary.

superior and lateral

11

T/F? The ovarian ligaments are rigid and do not allow the ovary to be mobile.

FALSE, flexible and very mobile

12

The right ovarian vein drains into the __.

IVC.

13

The left ovarian vein drains into the __.

left renal vein.

14

Three kinds of functional ovarian cysts...

1. follicular
2. corpus luteum
3. theca-lutein

15

This is the most common cause of ovarian enlargement in young women.

functional ovarian cyst

16

Most functional cysts typically resolve within __ menstrual cycles.

1-2

17

Follow up of larger functional cysts is usually __ weeks later to show changed appearance or resolution.

6

18

This type of cyst can form when ovulation does not occur or when a mature follicle involutes.

follicular cyst

19

Follicular cysts range from __ in size.

3 cm - 8 cm

20

T/F? Follicular cysts are usually unilateral.

true

21

This type of functional ovarian cyst occurs after an egg has been released from the dominant follicle.

corpus luteal

22

These are less common than follicular cysts but tend to be larger and more symptomatic.

corpus luteal

23

What is the major symptom of a corpus luteal cyst?

pain

24

T/F? Corpus luteal cysts are usually unilateral.

true

25

The corpus luteum continues until what week of pregnancy?

16th

26

This hyperechoic structure results from the regression of a luteal structure from a previous cycle.

corpus albicans

27

Hemorrhage may occur in __ or __ cysts.

follicular, corpus luteum

28

The presence of __ helps confirm the diagnosis of a leaking or ruptured hemorrhagic cyst.

free fluid in the cul-de-sac

29

These are the largest of the functional ovarian cysts.

theca-lutein cysts

30

These ovarian cysts are associated with high levels of hCG.

theca-lutein cysts