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Flashcards in Pelvic Anatomy Deck (100)
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1

Name the four bones that comprise the bony pelvis.

sacrum, coccyx, left and right innominate bones (ilium, ischium, and pubis)

2

T/F? The true pelvis is larger and completely enclosed.

FALSE: It's *smaller* and completely enclosed.

3

T/F? The false pelvis is larger and incompletely enclosed.

true

4

What organs are in the true pelvis?

bladder, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and adnexa

5

These pelvic ligaments can be classified as those which 'bind the pelvic bones together'.

osseous

6

These pelvic ligaments can be classified as those which 'support the uterus and ovaries'.

suspensory

7

Name two kinds of suspensory ligaments.

uterine and ovarian

8

This uterine ligament arises superiorly and laterally from the uterus and inferiorly from the vagina to provide primary support for the uterus.

cardinal

9

This uterine ligament extends posterolaterally from the cervix, encircles the rectrum, and inserts onto the fascia over the sacrum.

uterosacral

10

This uterine ligament is situated anterior and inferior to the broad ligaments and fallopian tubes & attaches the cornu to the anterior pelvic wall.

round

11

This uterine ligament extends from the lateral aspects of the uterus and attaches to the lateral pelvic side walls.

broad

12

Name the four uterine suspensory ligaments.

Cardinal
Uterosacral
Round
Broad

13

This ligament divides the true pelvis into anterior and posterior compartments. Ovaries are attached to the posterior side.

broad ligament

14

This is the space within the peritoneal cavity located posterior to the broad ligaments.

adnexa

15

This ovarian ligament attaches the inferior ovary to the uterine cornu posterior to the fallopian tube on each side.

ovarian

16

This ovarian ligament is one continuous tissue that connects the ovary to the pelvic wall.

infundibulopelvic

17

This ovarian ligament is a short peritoneal fold connecting the anterior border of the ovary with the posterior layer of the broad ligament.

mesovarium

18

T/F? Most pelvic muscles are paired structures that form the limits of the pelvic space.

true

19

What are the two groups of pelvic muscles?

true and false (abdomino-pelvic)

20

This pelvic muscle forms the anterior margin of the abdominal and pelvic spaces, extending from the xiphoid process to the symphysis pubis.

rectus abdominis

21

This pelvic muscle resembles a corset, wrapping around the trunk from back to front, and intersects the rectus abdominis.

transversus abdominus

22

This pelvic muscle originates at the lower thoracic vertebrae and extends laternal and anterior as it courses throuth the lower abdomen, along the pelvic side wall to eventually insert on the lesser trochanter.

iliopsoas

23

Name the three false pelvic muscles.

rectus, transversus, iliopsoas

24

This muscle connects the lumbar spine to the femur.

psoas

25

The muscle connects the iliac crest to the femur.

iliacus

26

The primary purpose of these muscles is to hold the pelvic organs in place.

'true' pelvic muscles

27

This triangular muscle arises from the antero-lateral wall of the pelvis, extending from the brim of the true pelvis and exiting through the lesser sciatic foarmen to insert on the greater trochanter of the femur.

obturator internus

28

This muscle group lines the lateral walls of the true pelvis.

obterator internus

29

This pelvic muscle arises from the sacrum, passes laterally through the greater sciatic notch, and inserts on the greater trochanter of the femur.

piriformis

30

This group of skeletal muscles lines the floor of the true pelvis and supports the pelvic organs.

pelvic diaphragm