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Flashcards in Palate Deck (28):
1

What is the surface anatomy of the hard palate

Keratinised stratified squamous epi

2

What is the surface anatomy of the soft palate

Non-keratinised stratified squamous epi

3

What is palatal rugae

Horizontal lines run Anteriorly mucosal ridges

4

What is the incisive papilla

Bump over incisive foramen

5

What is the palatine raphe

Bones join the middle mucosa two palatal sheets come to join

6

What is underneath the stripped mucosa

Hundreds of minor salivary glands
Mucosa tightly attached to bone

7

What is cleft palate

Failure of the lateral palatine processes meeting and fusing together

8

What complications does cleft palate lead to

Speech
Dental health
Feeding
Hearing

9

What is the innervation of the tongue

Greater and lesser palatine nerves
Form V2

Nasopalatune nerve

10

Where does the nasopalatine pass throu and supply

Pass - incisive foramen
Supply - palatal gingivae of anterior teeth and mucosa of anterior palate

11

What nerves supply where in the nose

V1 anterosup
V2 posteroinf

12

What is the somatic sensory innervation of the palate

Incisive branch of nasopalatine anterior

Great palatine nerves

Lesser palatine nerves posterior

13

What lymphatic drainage drains the anterior prospect of the palate

Submandibular node

14

What is the est of the lymp antic drainage of the palate

Retropharyngeal nodes
Cervical lymph nodes
Jugulodigastric nose - just for tonsil

15

Where is the palate tonsil

Between 2 arches
One of largest tonsils

16

What arch heads done to the tongue

Palate glossal arch

17

What is the more posterior arch

Palatioharyngeal arch

18

What is the uvula

Dangle bit
Skeletal muscle of soft palate

19

What does the levator veli palatini

Elevates palate
Starts lateral and goes medial

20

What is the tensor veli palatini do

Tenses palate
Starts lateral and stays lateral tenses soft palate stretch palate rather than lift

21

What is the palatoglosses

Muscle
Palate towar tongue
Try get palate and tongue closer together when it contracts

22

What does the palatopjaryngeus do

Longitudinal muscle of pharynx
Try get palate and pharynx closer together

23

What is the muscle that technically consists of two. Muscle at each side joining in the middle

Musculus uvulae

24

What innervates the soft palate

Vagus and cranial accessory innervate all but tensor veli palatini which is supplied by V3

25

What is the palatine aponeurosis

Tensor veli palatini
Attaches superiorly to sphenoid bone
Tendon turns medially around pterygoid hamulus and enters soft palate
The tendon flattens out in soft palate and joins with tendon of the opposite muscle to form palatine aponeurosis

26

How do clinical test the innervation is correct

If nerves function normally - uvula lift midline
If unilateral uvula pulled away form functioning Side
Ask out to say aaaahhhhh

27

What is the soft plates function as a trapdoor

Stops food entering nose during swallowing
Directs air into nose or mouth
Close off entrance into pro pharynx during gag reflex

28

What are the osteological features of the palate

Incisive canal
Palatine foraminae - greater and lesser
Median palatine suture
Palatine process of maxilla
Horizontal plates
Pyramidal processes
Lateral and medial pterygoid plates
Maxillary tuberosity