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Flashcards in Palate, pharynx and larynx Deck (52):
1

What bones are involved with the palate and pharynx?

Hyoid
Mandible
Maxilla

2

Where is the hard palate found?

Anterior superior

3

What bone makes up the hard palate?

Maxilla

4

Where is the soft palate found?

Posterior superior

5

What are the three parts of the pharynx?

Nasopharynx
Oropharynx
Laryngopharynx

6

What is the frenulum?

Membrane linking tounge to floor of mouth

7

What vein can be seen on the floor of the mouth?

Deep lingual vein

8

What is the sublingual caruncle?

Opening for the submandibular salivary gland

9

What two muscles make up the floow of the mouth?

Geniohyoid
Mylohyoid

10

Describe the geniohyoid

Superior of two muscles and runs from the middle of the hyoid to middle of mandible

11

Describe the mylohyoid

Inferior of the two muscles and runs from the whole anterior hyoid to whole of mandible

12

What are our three main salivary glands?

Parotid- Behind ear
Sublingual
Submandibular

13

Where is the secretory opening for the parotid glands?

By upper 2nd molar

14

Where is the secretory opening for the submandibular gland?

Lingual caruncle

15

Where is the secretory opening for the sublingual gland?

Directly superior to them

16

What innervates the salivary glands?

CNVII
Chorda tympani branch for sublingual

17

What kind of muscle makes up the tongue?

Skeletal

18

How is the tongue split up?

Anterior 2/3
Posterior 1/3

19

Describe the anterior 2/3 of the tongue

Horizontal and in oral cavity
General sensory- V3
Taste VII

20

Describe the posterior 1/3 of the tongue

Vertical and not in oral cavity
Taste and sense by CNIX

21

What kind of buds do we have on our tongues?

4:
Foliate- Foliage like
Vallate
Fungiform- Mushroom like
Filiform- temperature and touch. Filament like

22

What two categories of muscle are associated with the tongue?

Intrinsic
Extrinsic

23

What do intrinsic muscles of the tongue do?

Modify shape of tongue

24

What do extrinsic muscles of the tongue do?

Change the position of the tongue

25

What nerve supplies the muscles of the tongue?

CNXII

26

How do you test CNXII?

Get them to stick their tongue out

27

What is the top of the tongue called?

Dorsum

28

What is the area around the teeth called?

GIngiva

29

What are the arches of the soft palate made up of?

Skeletal muscle

30

What nerve supplies the muscles of the soft palate?

CNX mainly

31

What is the function of the soft palate?

Stop food going up the nose
Direct air when speaking

32

how do you test CNX?

Look at uvula and it deviates away from damaged side

33

What are the muscle layers of the pharynx?

Outer circular
Inner longitudinal

34

What nerve innervated the muscles of the pharynx?

CNX

35

Where are the tonsils found?

Oropharynx

36

What tonsils do we have?

Palatine
Lingual
Pharyngeal- Adenoids
Tubal

37

What are the two arches of the soft palate called?

Palatoglossus
Glossopharyngeal

38

List the tonsils from superior to inferior

Pharyngeal- Adenoids
Tubal
Palatine
Lingual

39

List the important lymph nodes of the head

Submental
Submandibular
Retropharyngeal
Jugulodigastric
Deep cervical

40

What is the common name for the larynx?

Voice box

41

Where does the larynx start and finish?

Under the hyoid to trachea

42

What is the point of the larynx?

Regulate airflow
Prevent aspiration

43

What is the larynx made of?

Cartilage jointed by ligaments

44

Where is the larynx situated?

Pretracheal fascia

45

What is contained in the pretracheal fascia?

Strap muscles
Thyroid
Trachea and larynx
Oesophagus and pharynx
Recurrent laryngeal N

46

What parts of the larynx should be palpable?

Hyoid
Thyroid cartilage
Cricoid cartilage

47

What membrane links the hyoid bone to the thyroid cartilage?

Thyroid membrane

48

What is an important part of the larynx?

Epiglottis

49

What are the three main bits of cartilage in the larynx?

Thyroid
Cricoid
Arytenoid

50

Name some features of the larynx

Epiglottis
False vocal cord- vestibular fold
Vocal cord- vocal fold
laryngeal ventricle
Infraglottic cavity

51

What is the rima glottidis?

Space between vocal cords

52

Name 4 neck features that should be palpable

Submandibular sal glands
Trachea
Carotid bifurcation
Thyroid