Flashcards in Palate, pharynx and larynx Deck (52):
What bones are involved with the palate and pharynx?
Where is the hard palate found?
What bone makes up the hard palate?
Where is the soft palate found?
What are the three parts of the pharynx?
What is the frenulum?
Membrane linking tounge to floor of mouth
What vein can be seen on the floor of the mouth?
Deep lingual vein
What is the sublingual caruncle?
Opening for the submandibular salivary gland
What two muscles make up the floow of the mouth?
Describe the geniohyoid
Superior of two muscles and runs from the middle of the hyoid to middle of mandible
Describe the mylohyoid
Inferior of the two muscles and runs from the whole anterior hyoid to whole of mandible
What are our three main salivary glands?
Parotid- Behind ear
Where is the secretory opening for the parotid glands?
By upper 2nd molar
Where is the secretory opening for the submandibular gland?
Where is the secretory opening for the sublingual gland?
Directly superior to them
What innervates the salivary glands?
Chorda tympani branch for sublingual
What kind of muscle makes up the tongue?
How is the tongue split up?
Describe the anterior 2/3 of the tongue
Horizontal and in oral cavity
General sensory- V3
Describe the posterior 1/3 of the tongue
Vertical and not in oral cavity
Taste and sense by CNIX
What kind of buds do we have on our tongues?
Foliate- Foliage like
Fungiform- Mushroom like
Filiform- temperature and touch. Filament like
What two categories of muscle are associated with the tongue?
What do intrinsic muscles of the tongue do?
Modify shape of tongue
What do extrinsic muscles of the tongue do?
Change the position of the tongue
What nerve supplies the muscles of the tongue?
How do you test CNXII?
Get them to stick their tongue out
What is the top of the tongue called?
What is the area around the teeth called?
What are the arches of the soft palate made up of?
What nerve supplies the muscles of the soft palate?
What is the function of the soft palate?
Stop food going up the nose
Direct air when speaking
how do you test CNX?
Look at uvula and it deviates away from damaged side
What are the muscle layers of the pharynx?
What nerve innervated the muscles of the pharynx?
Where are the tonsils found?
What tonsils do we have?
What are the two arches of the soft palate called?
List the tonsils from superior to inferior
List the important lymph nodes of the head
What is the common name for the larynx?
Where does the larynx start and finish?
Under the hyoid to trachea
What is the point of the larynx?
What is the larynx made of?
Cartilage jointed by ligaments
Where is the larynx situated?
What is contained in the pretracheal fascia?
Trachea and larynx
Oesophagus and pharynx
Recurrent laryngeal N
What parts of the larynx should be palpable?
What membrane links the hyoid bone to the thyroid cartilage?
What is an important part of the larynx?
What are the three main bits of cartilage in the larynx?
Name some features of the larynx
False vocal cord- vestibular fold
Vocal cord- vocal fold
What is the rima glottidis?
Space between vocal cords