PANCE HEENT 8/10/20 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PANCE HEENT 8/10/20 Deck (119)
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1

pathology when eyelid turns out

ectropion

2

pathology when eyelid turns in

entropion

3

how do you tx
- ectropion

lubricating eye drops

4

how do you tx
- entropion

lubricating eye drops

5

what is an infection of the dacrocyctitis

infection of the lacramal sac

6

what is the MC organism for
dacrocyctitis

s aureus

7

dacrocyctitis PE

swelling and redness on the medial side

8

dacrocyctitis tx

clindamyacin

9

what pathology crusting lid swelling bilaterally

blepharitis

10

blepharitis tx

warm compress

11

painful bumps on eyelid

hordeolum

12

hordeolum tx 3

1. warm compress
2. erythrymyacin 48 hrs
3. I and D

13

hordeolum mc organism

staph aureus

14

non painful bumps on eyelid

chalazon

15

elevated nodule on nasal side of sclera
pathology?

pinguecula

16

elevated nodule on nasal side of eye can grow into sclera
-Pathology?

pterygium

17

trauma with an irregulary shaped pupil of hyphema

globe rupture

18

globe rupture tx 2

- emergency consult
- leave bed at 45

19

pterygium
pinguecula
Tx

removal only if it effects vision

20

diplopia with upward gaze
pathology

orbital floor fx

21

orbital floor fx parathestheia

medial cheek due to infra orbital nerve

22

orbital floor fx DX test

CT

23

orbital floor fx TX 4

1. nasal decongestents
2. avoid blowing nose
3. antibiotics (clinda)
4. surgical repair

24

central vision loss an swell at details and color
wavey

macular degeneration

25

Small yellow white spots around the rim
- Drusen

macular degeneration

26

cotton wool spots what pathology 2

DM
HTN

27

what type of vision loss with DM

central

28

what are the 5 types of HTN retinopathy

1. AV narrowing
A. Copper wiring
B. Silver wiring
2. AV nicking
3. flame hemmorages, cotten wool spots
4. pappilledema

29

- Flashing lights
- floaters
- curtain coming down
- loss of central vision

retinal detachment

30

retinal detachment tx

emergency