PANCE Nephro 8/17/20 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PANCE Nephro 8/17/20 Deck (73)
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1

how much protein is normal for urine

none

2

when glucose is in the urine, what must the glucose level be at a min

180

3

what two duuretics work on the proximal tubule

- acetazolamide
- mannitiol

4

what are the 5 elements that are not absorbed with a loop diuretic

(Na, Cl, K, mg, Ca)
think about is so a loop duiretic will cause these to be low or hypo

5

what two classes of diuretics cause hyperglycemia and hyperurecemia 2

Loops
Thiazide

6

what diuretic caused hyperkalemia 1

spironilactone

7

what diuretic class causes hyperCALcemia 1

thiazide

8

what are the 3 hallmarks of nephrotic syndrome

- proteinuria
- HLD
-hypoalbuminuria

9

what are the 4 hallmarks of nephritic syndrome

- hematuria
- HTN
- dependent edema
- azotemia

10

HTN, RBC casts
Kidney failure
hempoptosis

goodpastures

11

what is Ig- A nephropathy called

Bergers disease

12

anti GBM antibodies think what

Goodpastures

13

wangners disease what marker

C anca

14

2 tx for goodpastures

- corticosteroids
- cyclophosphemide

15

how to you tx post infections acute glomerulonephritis

supportive

16

2 tx for bergers

- ace
- steroids

17

how do you tx minimal change disease

- steroid

18

what is the main cause of prerenal AKI

hypovolemia

19

what are the three medications that cause prerenal AKI

NSAID
contrast dye
ACE

20

epithelial casts think what pathology

ATN

21

perrenal ATN what is the BUN

> 20:1

22

what happens to the creatineal with kidney damage

- increases

23

how do you dx polycystic kidney disease

ultrasound

24

what is the best marker for CKD

protein

25

what type of casts is CKD

waxy

26

what does the cockcoft equation have to do with

kidney function

27

main cause of SAIDH

stoke

28

pulmonary cause of SIADH

small cell lung cancer

29

how do you tx SIADH 3

- H2O restriction
-desmocycline
- hypertonic solution with fursimide

30

what causes central DI 2

autoimmune
head trauma