PANCE Pulmonary 8/13/20 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PANCE Pulmonary 8/13/20 Deck (133)
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1

what are the three components of samters triad 3

- asthma
- nasal polyp
- asa allergy

2

what are the three components of asthma 3

- airway hyper reacticity
- bronchosonstriction
- inflammation

3

what is the classic traid of asthma 3

- dyspnea
- wheezing
- cough

4

what does the physical examination of the lung display 3 asthma

- prolonged expiration
- wheezing
- hyperresonance

5

what is the gold standard for the Dx of asthma

PFT

6

what is the best way to determine the severity of an asthma exacerbation

peak expiatory flow rate

7

what are the three asthma admission criteria 3

- PEFR > 50%
- ER visit within the last 3 days
- post treatment failure

8

what is the frequency of nighttime awakenings on the chart Per ?

per month

9

what is the FEV-1 for severe asthma

< 60%

10

what is the FEV-1 for moderate asthma

60-80%

11

what is the #1 RF for COPD

smoking

12

if someone < 40 years old has COPD what might you think about

alpha one antitripsan

13

pick puffer is associated with what pathology

emphasema

14

what is the most importnat factor is the prognosis of COPD

- FEV1

15

what cardiac electrical abnormality is associated with COPD

Multi focal atrial tachycardia

16

what cardiac (non electrical) pathology is COPD associated with

R sided HF

17

what is the most importent step in managing COPD

smoking cessation

18

what are the best 2 meds to manage COPD

- ipratriprium (atrovent)
- albuterol (proventil)

19

what two COPD groups get O 2

1. O2 < 88%
2. cor pulmonalale

20

what pathology:
" irreversible bronchial dialtaion 2nd dary to trans mural inflammation"

bronchietacsis

21

what are the MC causes of infections with CF

psudomonas

22

daily thick cough in a younger person what are you thinking

CF

23

what is the MC cause of massive hemoptyosis

bronchietacasis

24

what is the best study for dx of bronchietacasis

high resolution CT

25

what is the tx for mac (1+1)

clarithromycin + ethambutol

26

what is your got to abx for psudomonas

cipro

27

what are the three areas effected by CF

GI
pulmonary
infertility

28

non caseating granuloma formation in the lungs

sarcoidosis

29

what is an odd pathology that may happen with sarcoidosis

blindless

30

what skin condition can happen with sarcoidisis

erythema nodosum