PANCE GI 8/14/20 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PANCE GI 8/14/20 Deck (156)
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1

what is the MC cause of esophagitis (2)

1. GERD
2. Immunocompramised

2

small deep ulcers eophagitis cause and Tx

HSV acyclovir

3

large shallowd ulcers eophagitis cause and Tx

CMV ganciclovir

4

what are the two MC causes for pill induced esophagitis

- NASID
- bisphosphanates

5

GERD TX 2

- H2
- PPI

6

what is the gold standard for GERD

- 24 hr PH

7

dysphagia of both solids and liquids

achalasia

8

increased LES pressure

achalasia

9

how do you tx nutcracker esophagitis

CCB
Botox

10

how do you tx zenkers divericulum

diverticulectomy

11

how do you dx zenkers divericulum

barium esophagram

12

full thickness rupture of the distal esophagus

boerhve syndrome

13

boerhve syndrome dx

CT with contrast

14

how do you tx mallory weiss tear

epi
band ligation

15

how do you tx esophageal varices

- octreotide
- non selective BB (propanolol)

16

esophageal webbs tx

endoscopic dialation

17

two types of esophageal cancer

- squamous cell WW upper 1/3, smoking, ETOH

- adenocarcinoma US lower 1/3, GERD

18

dyspagia to solids

- esopahgeal neoplasms

19

test of choice for esphageal neoplasms

upper endoscopy

20

what are the three MCC of gastritis

- H pylori
- NASID
- acute stress

21

how do you dx gastritis

endoscopy

22

how do you tx gastritis

- CAP

23

MC cause of upper GI bleed

PUD

24

how do you dx PUD

- endoscopy
- upper GI series

25

when should someone take a PPI

30 min before meals

26

what is a SE with a PPI

b12 deficiency

27

what should you give someone if they are on an NSAID to protect their stomach

- Misoprostol

28

what is a SE of cimetidine

gynecomastia

29

gastrin secerting tumor

zollinger ellison

30

what two hormones are increased with zollinger ellison

gastrin
secritin