PANCE Neuro 8/11/20 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PANCE Neuro 8/11/20 Deck (105)
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1

what is the autodominate neurodegenerative disorder that affects chromosome 4

Huningtons

2

what are the three areas affected by hubtingtons

1. behavorial
2. chorea
3. dementia

3

what the the CT show of hungtigtons

cerebral and caudate nucleus atrophy

4

what age for huntingtons

30-50

5

what age for essential (benign tremor)

60

6

what is another name for essential tremor

benign

7

what is the tx for essential tremor

propanolol

8

idopathic dopamine depletion

parkinsons

9

what is the #1 tx for tourette's

habit therapy

10

what disease is a necrosis of both upper and lower motor neuron

ALS

11

what 3 things are spared in ALS

- sensation
- eye movements
-urination

12

tx for ALS

- riluzole

13

what are the 2 dopamine agonist used in RLS

- praminpexole
- ropinirole

14

what supplementation may you use in RLS

iron

15

what infection increases the chances of someone getting GBS

- campylobactor jajuni

16

what direction is GBS

ground up (Gbs)

17

what is the CSF in GBS

high protein
normal WBC

18

what Tx is contraindicated in GBS

prednisone

19

what are the two tx for GBS

- plasma pharesis
- IVIG

20

what condition involved autoimune antiobodies against ACH

myasthenia Gravis

21

what muscles are most effected with myasthenia Gravis

eyes

22

myasthenia Gravis eye movement that is most effected

upward gaze

23

what is the treatment for myasthenia Gravis

"stigmines"

24

what dx is similar to myasthenia Gravis but improves with movement

lambert eaton syndrome

25

lambert eaton syndrome is associated with what condition

small cell lung cancer

26

what autoimmune condition is unilateral eye pain that gets worse with movement

MS

27

what are the 2 dx of MS

MRI: what matter plques
LP: oligoclonal bands

28

what is the primary tx for MS flares

corticosteroids

29

what medication is helpful with fatigue in MS

amantadine

30

what is a ulilateral facial nerve palsy of CN 7

bells palsy