Part 8 images Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Part 8 images Deck (86):
1

Name the fracture. Be specific. What features make you know this?

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Salter Type I of the distal tibia

complete shear injury of the physis

2

Name the fracture. Be specific. What is the sign associated with this fracture? What are the features that make you know this fracture?

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Salter Type II of the distal tibia

Thurston-Holland sign

fracture through the physis and metaphysis

3

Name the fracture. Be specific. What features make it so?

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Salter Type III of the distal radius

fracture throught the physis and epiphysis

4

Name the fracture. Be specific. What features are associated with this type of fracture?

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Salter Type IV of the distal tibia

fracture through the metaphysis, physis and epiphysis

5

Name the fracture. Be specific. How do you know it's this fracture?

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Salter Type V of the distal fibula

sclerotic band around the distal diaphysis of the fibula, compression fracture of the physis

6

Patient comes in with pain and they point to their AC joint. They say they were hit in the shoulder during football practice. You take this Xray. What is the diagnosis? What would you do for this patient?

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Type I AC separation

Ice, sling, modify activities until pain free (7-10 days)

7

Diagnosis?

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Type II AC separation

8

Diagnosis?

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Type III AC separation

9

Diagnosis? What is the name for the deformity?

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Transverse mid clavicular fracture

Overriding/bayonet deformity

10

Diagnosis?

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Incomplete lateral clavicular fracture

11

Diagnosis?

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FLAP fracture

12

Diagnosis?

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Anterior shoulder dislocation

13

This person just had their shoulder reduced. What is the name of this deformity?

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Hill Sach's deformity

14

Diagnosis?

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Bankart lesion

15

Diagnosis? What is the sign?

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Posterior shoulder dislocation

Trough sign

16

Diagnosis? What is the sign?

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posteiror shoulder dislocation

rim sign

17

Diagnosis? What is the sign?

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Posterior shoulder dislocation

lightbulb sign

18

Diagnosis?

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chronic rotator cuff arthropathy with shoulder impingement

19

Diagnosis? Where specifically do these usually occur? Why?

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Rotator cuff tear

critical zone of the supraspinatus tendon, place of least vascularity

20

Diagnosis? What line is used to prove this? What signs are visible in this xray?

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supracondylar fracture

anterior humeral line

elevated anterior fat pad, posterior fat pad

21

Diagnosis? What line proves this?

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radial head fracture

proximal radial line

22

Diagnosis?

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chisel fracture of the radial head

23

Diagnosis?

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lateral condyle fracture of the humerus

24

Diagnosis?

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posterior elbow dislocation

25

Diagnosis?

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medial condyle fracture of the humerus

26

Diagnosis?

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posterolateral elbow dislocation

27

Diagnosis?

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both bones dislocation

28

Diagnosis? Describe the fracture

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Nightstick fracture

minimally displaced oblique fracture of the distal ulnar shaft

29

Diagnosis? Describe the fracture.

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Galeazzi's fracture

oblique spirallike fracture of the distal radius

slight dislocation of the distal radial ulnar articulation

30

Diagnosis? Describe it.

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Monteggia fracture

oblique fracture of the shaft of the ulna. Radial head is dislocated anteriorly

31

Diagnosis? Describe it.

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Green stick fracture

partial disruption of the cortex  with angular change of the radius and ulna (in this case, can be just one or the other)

32

Diagnosis? Describe it.

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torus fracture

outward bulging of the cortex (subtle fracture)

33

Diagnosis? Describe it.

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Colles' fracture

fracture of the radius about an inch and a half above the carpals with posterior displacement of the distal fragment

34

Diagnosis? Describe it.

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Smith's/Reverse Colles' fracture

fracture of the radius one and a half inches from the carpals with anterior angulation of the distal fragment

35

Diagnosis? Describe it.

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Barton's fracture

fracture of the posterior rim of the radius with accompanying carpal dislocation

36

Diagnosis? Describe it.

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Hutchinson's fracture

fracture of the radiostyloid process

37

Diagnosis? Be specific

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scaphoid fracture at the waist

38

Diagnosis? Be specific.

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Scaphoid fracture with avascular necrosis

39

Diagnosis?

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Triquetral fracture

40

Diagnosis?

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hamate fracture

41

Diagnosis?

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Pisiform fracture

42

Diagnosis?

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Posterior Perilunate dislocation

43

Diagnosis? What sign is associated with this?

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lunate dislocation

pie sign

44

Diagnosis? What sign is associated with this?

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rotatory subluxation of the scaphoid

ring sign, Terry Thomas sign

45

Diagnosis? Describe it.

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Boxer's fracture

fracture of the neck of the 5th metacarpal (sometimes 4th)

46

Diagnosis? Describe it.

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Mallet finger

avulsion of the extensor tendon at its insertion on the dorsal surface of the base of the distal phalynx

47

Diagnosis? Describe it.

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Bennett's fracture

oblique fracture of the base of the first metacarpal associated with dorsal subluxation of the first metacarpal

48

Diagnosis? Describe it

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Rolando's fracture

intraarticular comminuted fracture at the base of the 1st metacarpal with radial displaement

49

Diagnosis? Describe it. 

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Gamekeeper's thumb

partial or complete disruption of the ulnar collateral ligament of the 1st MCP articulation

50

Diagnosis?

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dorsal dislocation of the PIP

51

Diagnosis?

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Anterior dislocation at the PIP

52

Diagnosis?

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posterior hip dislocation

53

Diagnosis?

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Anterior hip dislocation

54

Diagnosis?

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Congenital hip dysplasia

Putti's tria: small epiphysis, shallow acetabulum, lateral displacement of the femur 

55

Diagnosis?

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subcapital fracture of the proximal femur

56

Diagnosis?

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transcervical fracture of the proximal femur

57

Diagnosis?

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basicervical fracture of the proximal femur

58

Diagnosis?

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Intertrochanteric fracure of the femur

59

Diagnosis?

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subtrochanteric fracture of the femur

60

Diagnosis? What is this most likely due to?

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fracture of the midshaft of the femur

most likely due to abuse/trauma

61

Diagnosis?

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supracondylar fracture of the femur

62

Diagnosis?

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intracondylar fracture of the femur

63

What sign is this? What does it mean?

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FBI sign

fat is separating from blood, which means there was a trauma to the area

64

Diagnosis? Describe what it affects in children and adults.

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Avulsion fracture of the anterior tibial spine

adults usually have soft tissue injury associated with this, children are most likely to get this fracture

65

Diagnosis?

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transvserse fracture of the patella

66

Diagnosis?

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ACL tear

67

Diagnosis? What is the other thing associated with this?

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ACL tear with bowing of the PCL and kissing contusions of the lateral femoral condyle and the lateral tibial plateau

68

Diagnosis?

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PCL tear

69

Diagnosis?

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hoizontal oblique type tear of the posteior 1/3 of the medial meniscus

70

Diagnosis?

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LCL tear

71

Diagnosis?

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Anterior knee dislocation

72

Diagnosis?

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Segond's fracture

73

Diagnosis?

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Toddler fracture

74

Diagnosis? Mechanism of injury?

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avulsion fracture of the medial malleolus

eversion injury

75

Diagnosis? Mechanism of injury?

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Avulsion fracture of the lateral malleolus

Inversion injury

76

Diagnosis? Describe it. What is the mechanism of injury?

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Maisonneuve fracture

widening of syndesmosis, spiral fracture of the proximal 1/3 of the fibula

eversion mechanism

77

Diagnosis?

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Calcaneal fracture

78

Diagnosis?

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Talus fracture

79

Diagnosis?

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Achilles tendon rupture

80

Diagnosis? Describe it. Where is the pain sometimes located?

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Jones/Dancer's fracture

a transverse fracture at the base of the 5th metatarsal

pain can be at the ankle, so be careful

81

Diagnosis?

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stress fracture of the second metatarso-phalangeal joint

82

Diagnosis?

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Chopart's dislocation

83

Diagnosis? Describe it. Who might it occur in?

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Lisfranc dislocation

tarsometatarsal dislocation

diabetics without drauma

84

Diagnosis? Describe it.

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Bimalleolar fracture

fracture of the medial malleolus and oblique fracture of the distal fibula

85

Diagnosis? Describe it. 

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trimalleolar fracture

fracture of the medial malleolus, oblique fracture of the fibula, fracture of the posterior malleolus

86

Diagnosis?

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avulsion fracture of the talus