Flashcards in Parts of the Forebrain Deck (51):
The thalamus is a structure within the forebrain that serves as an important relay station for incoming sensory information, including all senses except for ____.
After receiving incoming sensory impulses, the thalamus sorts and transmit them to the appropriate areas of the ______.
The 4 F's of the hypothalamus are:
feeding, fighting, flighting, (sexual) functioning
The hypothalamus is subdivided into the _____, ______, and ______ hypothalamus.
lateral, ventromedial, anterior
The hypothalamus serves homeostatic functions and is a key player in emotional experiences during ______, ______ behavior, and ______ behavior.
high arousal states
Receptors in the hypothalamus regulate _____, _____, and ______.
metabolism, temperature, water balance
The hypothalamus is the primary regulator of the ______ system. It is also important in the so-called _____ behaviors: ____, ______, and ______.
When the lateral hypothalamus is destroyed, one _____
When the ventromedial hypothalamus is destroyed, one is
very much hungry
When the anterior hypothalamus is destroyed, one is
In addition to the thalamus and hypothalamus, the diencephalon divides to form the posterior pit, ___ gland, and ______ ______ to ____ _____ ______.
connecting pathways, other brain regions
Posterior pit secretes _____ and _____
ADH/vasopressin and oxytocin
Most notably, the pineal gland secretes _____, which regulates _____ _____. In fact, it receives direct signals from the ____ for coordination with ______.
The basal ganglia coordinate ______ as they receive information from the cortex and relay this information (via the ________ ______ system) to the brain and the spinal cord.
extrapyramidal motor system
The extrapyramidal motor system gathers information about _______
Essentially, the basal ganglia help make our movements _____ and our ______ ______.
_______ is one chronic illness associated with destruction of portions of the ________.
The limbic system comprises a group of interconnected structures looping around the central portion of the brain and is primarily associated with ____ and ______.
emotion and memory
The ____ _____ contain one of the primary pleasure centers in the brain.
The _____ is a structure that plays an important role in defensive and aggressive behaviors, including _____ and ______.
fear and rage
The hippocampus helps ______ information to form __-__ memories. It can also redistribute _____ memories to the _______.
remote, cerebral cortex
The _______ is a long projection through which the hippocampus communicates with other portions of the limbic system
Damage to the hippocampus would result in _________ amnesia.
________ amnesia is not being able to establish new long-term memories
Memory loss of events that transpired before brain injury is called _______ amnesia.
The lobes of the brain:
frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal
The primary components of the limbic system are the ________, _____ ______, and _________.
Limbic system HAS
hippocampus, amygdala, septal nuclei
The cerebral cortex has many bumps called ______
The cerebral cortex has many folds called ______
The frontal lobe is comprised of two basic regions: the ______ lobes and the ____ ______.
The managing of executive function, by supervising and directing the operations of other brain regions, is carried out by the __________ _________. It reminds you that there is something to remember.
To regulate attention and alertness, the _______ _____ communicates with the ___________ in the brainstem, saying either to wake up or relax.
The prefrontal cortex is an example of an association area. Projection areas perform simpler _____ and _____ tasks. The visual cortex is an example.
perceptual and motor
Damage to prefrontal cortex = _______ or _______
impulsive or depressed
The primary motor cortex is in the _______ gyrus.
The _____ sulcus divides the frontal and parietal lobes. Just in front is the ____ _____ cortex.
The motor homunculus is a schematic of the ______
primary motor cortex
Broca's area is always in the ______ hemisphere (usually ____).
The somatosensroy cortex, part of the ______ lobe, is located on the ______ gyrus.
The somatosensory cortex, part of the _____ lobe, is related to the ____ _____ cortex of the ______ lobe. The two are often called the _________ _______.
primary motor, frontal
The visual cortex is also called the ____ cortex.
The __ cortex and ______ area are located in the temporal lobe.
Language reception and comprehension is assoc with _____
language reception and comprehension
The hippocampus is located deep inside the temporal lobe. The temporal lobe also functions in _____ processing and ____.
Damage to the amygdala might result in ____ and _____ sates.
Defensive and agressive behaviors are assoc with ____
Same side of brain controlling same side of body: hemispheres communicate ________.
Both Broca's area and Wernicke's primarily driven by:
dominant hemisphere primarily analytic: well-suited for LLM:
language, logic, math skills
nondom hemisphere assoc with ____, _____, ____ cognition, and _______ processing.
creativity, intuition, musical, spatial