Flashcards in Parts of the Forebrain Deck (51)
The thalamus is a structure within the forebrain that serves as an important relay station for incoming sensory information, including all senses except for ____.
After receiving incoming sensory impulses, the thalamus sorts and transmit them to the appropriate areas of the ______.
The 4 F's of the hypothalamus are:
feeding, fighting, flighting, (sexual) functioning
The hypothalamus is subdivided into the _____, ______, and ______ hypothalamus.
lateral, ventromedial, anterior
The hypothalamus serves homeostatic functions and is a key player in emotional experiences during ______, ______ behavior, and ______ behavior.
high arousal states
Receptors in the hypothalamus regulate _____, _____, and ______.
metabolism, temperature, water balance
The hypothalamus is the primary regulator of the ______ system. It is also important in the so-called _____ behaviors: ____, ______, and ______.
When the lateral hypothalamus is destroyed, one _____
When the ventromedial hypothalamus is destroyed, one is
very much hungry
When the anterior hypothalamus is destroyed, one is
In addition to the thalamus and hypothalamus, the diencephalon divides to form the posterior pit, ___ gland, and ______ ______ to ____ _____ ______.
connecting pathways, other brain regions
Posterior pit secretes _____ and _____
ADH/vasopressin and oxytocin
Most notably, the pineal gland secretes _____, which regulates _____ _____. In fact, it receives direct signals from the ____ for coordination with ______.
The basal ganglia coordinate ______ as they receive information from the cortex and relay this information (via the ________ ______ system) to the brain and the spinal cord.
extrapyramidal motor system
The extrapyramidal motor system gathers information about _______
Essentially, the basal ganglia help make our movements _____ and our ______ ______.
_______ is one chronic illness associated with destruction of portions of the ________.
The limbic system comprises a group of interconnected structures looping around the central portion of the brain and is primarily associated with ____ and ______.
emotion and memory
The ____ _____ contain one of the primary pleasure centers in the brain.
The _____ is a structure that plays an important role in defensive and aggressive behaviors, including _____ and ______.
fear and rage
The hippocampus helps ______ information to form __-__ memories. It can also redistribute _____ memories to the _______.
remote, cerebral cortex
The _______ is a long projection through which the hippocampus communicates with other portions of the limbic system
Damage to the hippocampus would result in _________ amnesia.
________ amnesia is not being able to establish new long-term memories
Memory loss of events that transpired before brain injury is called _______ amnesia.
The lobes of the brain:
frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal
The primary components of the limbic system are the ________, _____ ______, and _________.
Limbic system HAS
hippocampus, amygdala, septal nuclei
The cerebral cortex has many bumps called ______
The cerebral cortex has many folds called ______