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Flashcards in Parts of the Forebrain Deck (51)
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1

The thalamus is a structure within the forebrain that serves as an important relay station for incoming sensory information, including all senses except for ____.

smell

2

After receiving incoming sensory impulses, the thalamus sorts and transmit them to the appropriate areas of the ______.

cerebral cortex

3

The 4 F's of the hypothalamus are:

feeding, fighting, flighting, (sexual) functioning

4

The hypothalamus is subdivided into the _____, ______, and ______ hypothalamus.

lateral, ventromedial, anterior

5

The hypothalamus serves homeostatic functions and is a key player in emotional experiences during ______, ______ behavior, and ______ behavior.

high arousal states
aggressive
sexual

6

Receptors in the hypothalamus regulate _____, _____, and ______.

metabolism, temperature, water balance

7

The hypothalamus is the primary regulator of the ______ system. It is also important in the so-called _____ behaviors: ____, ______, and ______.

autonomic
drive: hunger/thirst/sexual

8

When the lateral hypothalamus is destroyed, one _____

lacks hunger

9

When the ventromedial hypothalamus is destroyed, one is

very much hungry

10

When the anterior hypothalamus is destroyed, one is

asexual

11

In addition to the thalamus and hypothalamus, the diencephalon divides to form the posterior pit, ___ gland, and ______ ______ to ____ _____ ______.

pineal
connecting pathways, other brain regions

12

Posterior pit secretes _____ and _____

ADH/vasopressin and oxytocin

13

Most notably, the pineal gland secretes _____, which regulates _____ _____. In fact, it receives direct signals from the ____ for coordination with ______.

melatonin
circadian rhythms
retina, sunlight

14

The basal ganglia coordinate ______ as they receive information from the cortex and relay this information (via the ________ ______ system) to the brain and the spinal cord.

muscle movement
extrapyramidal motor system

15

The extrapyramidal motor system gathers information about _______

body position

16

Essentially, the basal ganglia help make our movements _____ and our ______ ______.

smooth
posture, steady

17

_______ is one chronic illness associated with destruction of portions of the ________.

Parkinson's disease
basal ganglia

18

The limbic system comprises a group of interconnected structures looping around the central portion of the brain and is primarily associated with ____ and ______.

emotion and memory

19

The ____ _____ contain one of the primary pleasure centers in the brain.

septal nuclei

20

The _____ is a structure that plays an important role in defensive and aggressive behaviors, including _____ and ______.

amygdala
fear and rage

21

The hippocampus helps ______ information to form __-__ memories. It can also redistribute _____ memories to the _______.

consolidate
long-term
remote, cerebral cortex

22

The _______ is a long projection through which the hippocampus communicates with other portions of the limbic system

fornix

23

Damage to the hippocampus would result in _________ amnesia.

anterograde

24

________ amnesia is not being able to establish new long-term memories

anterograde

25

Memory loss of events that transpired before brain injury is called _______ amnesia.

retrograde

26

The lobes of the brain:

frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal

27

The primary components of the limbic system are the ________, _____ ______, and _________.

Limbic system HAS
hippocampus, amygdala, septal nuclei

28

The cerebral cortex has many bumps called ______

gyri

29

The cerebral cortex has many folds called ______

sulci

30

The frontal lobe is comprised of two basic regions: the ______ lobes and the ____ ______.

prefrontal lobes
motor cortex