Pathology Glossary Flashcards Preview

MORS 200 - Sciences > Pathology Glossary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pathology Glossary Deck (412):
1

Prefix meaning without or not

A

2

Decrease in, such as in pain

Abatement

3

An excoriation, a circumscribed removal of the epidermis of skin or mucous membrane

Abrasion

4

Localized accumulation of pus

Abscess

5

A marked decrease in blood carbon dioxide content

Acapnia

6

Condition in which there is an excessive proportion of acid in the blood

Acidosis

7

Presents itself after birth

Acquired

8

A disease which is not congenital, but has developed since birth

Acquired Disease

9

Prefix meaning extremity

Acro

10

Hyperfunction of pituitary gland after ossification has been completed

Acromegaly

11

A disease with a more or less rapid onset and short duration

Acute

12

Prefix meaning gland

Adeno

13

A neoplasm formed by glandular epithelium

Adenoma

14

Suffix meaning pain

Algia

15

Condition in which there is an excessive proportion of alkali in the blood

Alkalosis

16

Having a hypersensitivity to a substance that does not normally cause a reaction

Allergies

17

A pre-senile dementia occurring usually in persons over 60 years of age; thought to be associated with neurofibril degeneration

Alzheimer's Disease

18

Congenital absence of one or more limbs

Amelia

19

Prefix meaning without

An

20

Generalized massive edema in subcutaneous tissue

Anasarca

21

A decrease in the number of erythrocytes, hemoglobin, or both

Anemia

22

A localized dilation of a blood vessel

Aneurysm

23

Suffix meaning vessel

Angio

24

A swelling or tumor due to dilatation of the blood vessels (hemangioma) or lymphatics (lymphangioma)

Angioma

25

Deficient blood oxygen supplies to tissues

Anoxia

26

Congenital absence of an organ or other part. In hematology, incomplete or defective development or a cessation of regeneration

Aplasia

27

Suffix meaning enzyme

Ase

28

Mutual opposition or contrary action. The inhibition of one bacterial organism by another

Antagonism

29

Prefix meaning before

Ante

30

Prefix meaning against

Anti

31

Glycoprotein substance developed in response to, and interacting specifically with an antigen AKA immunoglobulin

Antibody

32

A foreign substance that stimulates the formation of antibodies that interact specifically with it

Antigen

33

The prevention of sepsis by preventing or inhibiting the growth of causative microorganisms

Antisepsis

34

Dilution or weakening of virulence of a microorganism, reducing or abolishing pathogenicity

Attenuation

35

Failure of a tissue or an organ to develop normally

Aplasia

36

Disease of the arteries resulting in thickening and loss of elasticity of the arterial walls

Arteriosclerosis

37

Inflammation, usually of a chronic progressive character, involving an artery or arteries

Arteritis

38

Prefix meaning joint

Arthro

39

Accumulation of free serous fluid in the abdominal cavity

Ascites

40

Loss of consciousness from deficient oxygen

Asphyxia

41

A form of arteriosclerosis marked by the deposition of lipids in the inner layer of arterial walls

Atherosclerosis

42

A wasting, decrease in size of an organ or tissue

Atrophy

43

Prefix meaning self

Auto

44

A postmortem examination of the organs and tissues of a body to determine cause of death or pathological condition

Autopsy (Necropsy)

45

Self-nourishing bacteria that are capable of growing in the absence of organic compounds. Organisms that obtain carbon from carbon dioxide

Autotrophic Bacteria

46

A tearing away

Avulsion

47

Any rod-shaped microorganism

Bacillus (pl. Bacilli)

48

The presence of viable bacteria in the blood stream

Bacteremia

49

A procaryotic one-celled microorganism of the Kingdom Monera, existing as free living organisms or as parasites, multiplying by binary fission and having a large range of biochemical properties

Bacteria

50

A visible group of bacteria growing on a solid medium, presumably arising from a single microorganism

Bacterial Colony

51

An agent that destroys bacteria but not necessarily their spores

Bactericide

52

Science that studies bacteria

Bacteriology

53

The red pigment in bile

Bilirubin

54

The green pigment in bile

Biliverdin

55

A method of asexual reproduction in bacteria in which the cell splits into two parts, each of which develops into a complete individual

Binary Fission

56

Prefix meaning life

Bio

57

An arthropod vector in which the disease causing organism multiplies or develops within the arthropod prior to becoming infective for a susceptible individual

Biological Vector

58

Pre-embalming purge as a result of a fracture of the skull, a surgical procedure in the cranial cavity or a trauma. It is possible for gas (a type of purge) to build up in the cranium and travel along the nerve routes to distend such tissues as the eyelids

Brain Purge

59

Severe form of malnutrition

Cachexia

60

Several communicating boils of the skin and subcutaneous tissues with the production and discharge of pus and dead tissue

Carbuncle

61

General term for a malignant tumor

Carcinoma

62

The membrane that surrounds some bacterial cells; a loose gel-like structure that, in pathogenic bacteria,, helps to protect against phagocytosis

Capsule

63

Formation of cavities in an organ or tissue; frequently seen in some forms of tuberculosis

Cavitation

64

Suffix meaning a protrusion

Cele

65

The deterioration of an organ or cell structure which may include swelling

Cellular Degeneration

66

A cellular reaction to injury which may include pigmentation, calcification, and gout

Cellular Infiltration

67

Suffic meaning perforating

Centesis

68

A blow; hence a sudden attack, as a sunstroke, a paralytic or apoplectic stroke or apoplexy

Cerebral Vascular Accident (Stroke)

69

Primary lesion, initial sclerosis, syphilitic sore, the first manifestation of syphilis

Chancre

70

A large group of nonmotile, gram negative intracellular parasites

Chlamydia

71

Prefix meaning bile

Chol

72

Suffix meaning bile

Chole

73

Inflammation of the gallbladder

Cholecystitis

74

A disease with a more or less slow onset and long duration

Chronic

75

A degeneration or atrophy of the parenchyma cells of an organ with hypertrophy of the interstitial connective tissue

Cirrhosis

76

Congenitally malformed palate with a fissure along the midline

Cleft Palate

77

Study of disease by means of body secretions, excretions, and other body fluids performed in the laboratory in the diagnosis of a disease

Clinical Pathology

78

A type of bacteria that is spherical or ovoid in form

Coccus (pl. Cocci)

79

Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the colon

Colitis

80

The symbiotic relationship of two organisms of different species in which one gains some benefit such as protection or nourishment

Commensalism

81

A disease that may be transmitted directly or indirectly from one individual to another

Communicable

82

An unfavorable condition arising during the course of disease

Complication

83

The immediate and temporary disturbance of brain function

Concussion

84

Existing at the time of birth or shortly thereafter

Congenital

85

A disease that begins before birth and is evident at the time of birth

Congenital Disease

86

Accumulation of an excess of blood or tissue fluid in a body part

Congestion

87

The act of introducing disease germs or infectious material into an area or substance

Contamination

88

A bruise, often accompanied with swelling

Contusion

89

A congenital condition due to hypothyroidism resulting in mental retardation

Cretinism

90

Condition in which the descent of a testis into the scrotum is arrested at some point in the normal path

Cryptorchism

91

Bluish discoloration of the skin or mucous membrane due to lack or oxygen

Cyanosis

92

A sac within or on the body surface containing air or fluid

Cyst

93

Prefix meaning bladder

Cyst

94

Inflammation of a bladder, especially the urinary bladder

Cystitis

95

Chemical reaction involving breaking of chemical bonds; forms two or more smaller molecule compounds from larger molecule compounds

Decomposition

96

Disease due to lack of dietary or metabolic substance

Deficiency

97

The deterioration of tissues with corresponding functional impairment as a result of disease or injury

Degeneration

98

Loss of moisture from body tissue which may occur antemortem or postmortem

Dehydration

99

Prefix meaning through

Dia

100

A term used to designate two diseases, ___________ insipidus and __________ mellitus, each having the symptom of polyuria in common

Diabetes

101

The term denoting the naming of the disease or syndrome; to recognize the nature of a disease

Diagnosis

102

The condition of the heart being enlarged, occurring normally, artificially, or as a result of disease

Dilatation

103

A double bacillus, two being linked end to end to each other

Diplobacilli

104

A genus of bacteria that are gram-positive organisms occurring in pairs.

Diplococcus aka Streptococcus

105

A chemical or physical agent that kills disease causing microorganisms generally used on inanimate objects

Disinfectant

106

The destruction of infectious agents by chemical or physical means directly applied to an inanimate object

Disinfection

107

The presence of a number of diverticula of the intestine

Diverticulosis

108

Resistant, as in bacteria, to the action of a drug or drugs

Drug-Fast

109

Condition that results when the body part that dies had little blood and remains aseptic and occurs when the arteries but not the veins are obstructed

Dry Gangrene AKA Ischemic Necrosis

110

Prefix meaning difficult

Dys

111

Abnormal development of tissue

Dysplasia

112

Faulty nutrition

Dystrophy

113

Small non-elevated hemorrhagic patch; extravasation of blood into a tissue

Ecchymosis

114

Suffix meaning dilate

Ectasis

115

Suffic meaning removal of

Ectomy

116

Displaced; not in the normal place; for example extrauterine pregnancy

Ectopic

117

The implantation of the fertilized ovum in a site other than the normal one in the uterine cavity

Ectopic Pregnancy

118

Abnormal accumulation of fluids in tissue or body cavities

Edema

119

Excessive wasting away of the body

Emaciation

120

Free floating object in the bloodstream

Embolism

121

Suffix meaning vomit

Emesis

122

Suffix meaning blood

Emia

123

Pus in the pleural cavity

Empyema

124

Prefix meaning in

En

125

Inflammation of the brain

Encephalitis

126

A disease that is continuously present in a community

Endemic

127

Prefix meaning within

Endo

128

Inflammation of the endocardium, or lining membrane of the heart. May involve only the membrane covering the valves or the general lining of the chambers of the heart

Endocarditis

129

Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the cervix uteri

Endocervicitis

130

The ectopic occurrence of endometrial tissue or its diffuse inplantation or infiltration in the myometrium

Endometriosis

131

Produced or arising from within a cell or organism

Endogenous infection

132

A thick walled spore within a bacterium

Endospores

133

Bacterial toxin confined within the body of a bacterium freed only when the bacterium is broken down, found only in gram negative bacteria

Endotoxin

134

Inflammation of the intestine

Enteritits

135

Prefix meaning intestine

Entero

136

Prefix meaning upon

Epi

137

A disease that is currently in higher than normal numbers

Epidemic

138

A chronic neurogenic disease marked by sudden alterations in consciousness and frequently by convulsions

Epilepsy

139

Bleeding from the nose

Epistaxis

140

Inflammation of the esophagus

Esophagitis

141

Suffix meaning sensation

Esthesia

142

The study of the cause of disease

Etiology

143

Prefix meaning out of

Ex

144

Increase in severity of a disease

Exacerbation

145

Originating outside an organ or part

Exogenous Infection

146

A toxin produced by a microorganism and excreted into its surrounding medium, generally protein in nature

Exotoxin

147

Inccrease in severity of a disease

Exsanguination

148

Loss of blood to the point where life can no longer be sustained

Exsanguination

149

The fluid that oozes through the tissues into a cavity or to the surface

Exudate

150

A microorganism that prefers an environment devoid of oxygen but has adapted so that it can live and grow in the presence of oxygen

Facultative Aerobe

151

An organism that prefers an oxygen environment but is capable of living and growing in its absence

Facultative Anaerobe

152

Having the capacity to do something that is not compulsory, in particular having the ability to live or adapt to certain conditions

Facultative Bacteria

153

Prefers live organic matter as a source of nutrition but can adapt to the use of dead organic matter under certain conditions

Facultative Saprophyte

154

Term associated with Fever

Febrile

155

An encapsulated tumor composed mainly of fibrous connective tissue; fibroid, tumor, inoma

Fibroma

156

One in which the organisms are originally confined to one area but enter the blood or lymph vessel and spread to other parts of the body

Focal Infection

157

Any inanimate object to which infectious material adheres and can be transmitted

Fomite

158

Having rapid and severe onset, usually fatal

Fulminating

159

A condition or disease in which there is no recognizable change in anatomy

Functional

160

A group of diverse and widespread unicellular and multicellular organisms, lacking chlorophyll, usually bearing spores and often filamentous

Fungus (pl. Fungi)

161

An agent that kills fungi and their spores

Fungicide

162

An abscess or pyogenic infection of a sweat gland or hair follicle

Furuncle

163

A form of necrosis combined with putrefaction

Gangrene

164

Inflammation of the stomach

Gastritis

165

Inflammation of the gingival tissue

Gingivitis

166

Parenchymatous nephritis with pronounced lesions in the glomeruli

Glomerulonephritis

167

An infection that becomes systemic

General Infection

168

Deals with the study of the widespread processes of disease such as inflammation, degeneration, necrosis or cellular death, repair, etc. without reference to particular organs or organ systems

General Pathology

169

Suffix meaning generation

Genesis

170

A substance that destroys microorganisms

Germicide

171

Enlargement of the thyroid gland due to iodine deficiency

Goiter

172

Study of changes in structure of the body that are readily seen with the unaided eye as a result of disease

Gross Pathology

173

Prefix meaning blood

Hem, Hemo

174

Vomiting of blood

Hematemesis

175

Tumor like swelling of blood

Hematoma

176

Discharge of red blood cells in the urine

Hematuria

177

An inherited hemorrhagic disease characterized by a tendency to excessive and sometimes spontaneous bleeding

Hemophilia

178

Blood in sputum

Hemoptysis

179

Escape of blood from blood vascular system

Hemorrhage

180

Inflammation of the liver

Hepatitis

181

Genetic characteristics transmitted from parent to offspring

Hereditary

182

Abnormal protrusion of part of an organ through an abnormal opening in the wall that normally contains it

Hernia

183

Prefix meaning disimilar

Hetero

184

An organism that requires complex organic food from a carbon source in order to grow and develop

Heterotrophic Bacteria

185

Prefix meaning similar

Homeo

186

Prefix meaning water

Hydro

187

Abnormal collection of fluid in any sacculated cavity in the body, especially tunica vaginalis

Hydrocele

188

Excessive accumulationg of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain

Hydrocephalus

189

Distention of the pelvis and calyces of one or both kidneys with urine as a result of obstruction

Hydronephrosis

190

Abnormal accumulation of fluid within the pericardial sac

Hydropericardium

191

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the thoracic cavity

Hydrothorax

192

Prefix meaning above or excess

Hyper

193

Excess of blood in an area of the body

Hyperemia

194

The increased size of an organ or part due to the excessive but regulated increase in the NUMBER of cells

Hyperplasia

195

The enlargement of an organ or part due to the increase in SIZE of cells composing it

Hypertrophy

196

Prefix meaning deficiency or beneath

Hypo

197

Underdevelopment of a tissue, organ, or the body

Hypoplasia

198

Prefix meaning uterus

Hyster

199

Suffix meaning a process

Iasis

200

Results from the adverse activity of medical personnel

Iatrogenic

201

Of unknown cause

Idiopathic

202

An foreign or heterogeneous substance contained in a cell or in any tissue or organ that was not introduced as a result of trauma

Inclusions

203

Plant life occurring or adapted for living in a specific environment

Indigenous Flora

204

The formation of an area of necrosis in a tissue caused by obstruction in the artery supplying the area

Infarction

205

The state or condition in which the body or a part of it is invaded by a pathogenic agent that, under favorable conditions, multiplies and produces injurious effects

Infection

206

The harboring of animal parasites, especially macroscopic forms, such as ticks or mosquitos

Infestation

207

The process of seepage or diffusion into tissue of substances that are not ordinarily present

Infiltration

208

A tissue reaction to irritation, infection, or injury marked by localized heat, swelling, redness, pain, and sometimes loss of function

Inflammation

209

Prefix meaning below

Infra

210

A substance that kills insects

Insecticide

211

Prefix meaning between

Inter

212

Prefix meaning within

Intra

213

State of being intoxicated, especially of being poisoned by a drug or toxic substance

Intoxication

214

Extravasation of blood within the skull

Intracranial Hemorrhage

215

A compound consisting of iodine combined with a carrier, such as polyvinylpyrrolidone, often used as a reoperative skin disinfectant

Iodophores

216

Reduction in arterial blood supply

Ischemia

217

Suffix meaning inflammation of

Itis

218

Conditions characterized by excessive concentration of bilirubin in the skin and tissues and deposition of excessive bile pigment in the skin, cornea, body fluids, and mucous membranes with the resulting yellow appearance of the patient

Jaundice

219

A tear or torn wound

Laceration

220

A substance that kills insect larva

Larvacide

221

Specific pathologic structural and functional changes or both brought about by disease

Lesion

222

Disease characterized by the appearacne of great numbers of immature and abnormal white blood cells

Leukemia

223

Prefix meaning white

Leuko

224

Increase in the number of white blood cells in the blood

Leucocytosis

225

Abnormal reduction in the number of white blood cells in the blood

Leucopenia

226

A tumor composed of fatty tissue

Lipoma

227

Suffix meaning stone

Lith

228

The major organ for detoxificiation and production of bile

Liver

229

Infection caused by germs lodging and multiplying at one point in a tissue and remaining there

Local Infection

230

Malignancy of lymphoid tissue

Lymphoma

231

Suffix meaning to dissolve

Lysis

232

Prefix meaning large

Macro

233

Prefix meaning bad

Mal

234

Suffix meaning softening

Malacia

235

A defect or deformitiy

Malformation (Anomaly)

236

Prefix meaning breast

Mast

237

The spread of tumor cells from one part of the body to another by blood or lymph

Metastasis

238

Temperature above which bacterial growth will not take place 120 degrees F

Maximum Temperature

239

A living organism or an object that is capable of transmitting infections by carrying the disease agent on its external body parts or surface

Mechanical Vector

240

Study of disease to ascertain cause and manner of death

Medicolegal Pathology
Forensic Pathology

241

Prefix meaning great

Mega

242

Suffix meaning large

Megaly

243

Prefix meaning thick

Melan

244

A malignant pigmented mole

Melanoma

245

Blood in stool

Melena

246

Prefix meaning month

Men

247

Inflammation of the membranes of the brain or spinal cord

Meningitis

248

Bacteria that prefers moderate temperatures and develops best at temperatures between 25 and 40 degrees C

Mesophile

249

Replacement of one type of tissue into a form that is not normally found there

Metaplasia

250

Transfer of a disease from its primary site to a distant location

Metastasize

251

Prefix meaning small

Micro

252

A microorganism that requires very little free oxygen

Microaerophilic

253

Scientific study of microorganisms and their effect on other living organisms

Microobiology

254

Study of microscopic changes that cells, tissues, and organs undergo as a result of dsease

Microscopic Pathology aka Histopathology

255

Temperature below which bacterial growth will not take place (32 degrees F)

Minimum Temperature

256

Infection caused by two or more organisms

Mixed Infection

257

Necrotic tissue that is wet as a result of inadequate venous drainage; may be accompanied by the invasion of saprophytic bacteria

Wet (Moist) Gangrene

258

Relative incidence of a disease in the population or number of cases in a given time at a given population

Morbidity Rate

259

Number of deaths in a given time or place or proportion of deaths to a population

Mortality Rate

260

A chronic disease of the nervous system characterized by remissions and relapses and by the presence of patches of demyelination associated with sclerosis or hardening, scattered diffusely throughout the gray and white matter of the brain stem and spinal cord

Multiple Sclerosis

261

A relationship in which organisms of two different species live in close association to the mutual benefit of each

Mutualism

262

The branch of science concerned with the study of fungi

Mycology

263

Bacteria of the Mycoplasma genus that are found in humans and most have no cell wall; the smallest free living organisms presently known, being intermediate in size between viruses and bacteria

Mycoplasmas

264

Inflammation of the spinal cord or of the bone marrow

Myelitis

265

Prefix meaning muscle

Myo

266

Referred to as a heart attack
Usually results in damage to the myocardium

Myocardial Infarction

267

Inflammation of the muscular walls of the heart

Myocarditis

268

Prefix meaning mucus

Myx

269

Prefix meaning death

Necro

270

Pathological death of a tissue still a part of the living organism

Necrosis

271

Renal calculus or gravel

Nephrolithiasis

272

Prefix meaning new

Neo

273

The abnormal, excessive and uncontrolled multiplication of cells with the formation of a mass or new growth of tissue

Neoplasm (Tumor)

274

Prefix meaning kidney

Nephr

275

Organisms that are free living and relationships are not required for survival

Non-Symbiotic

276

Infection acquired in a hospital

Nosocomial

277

A disease with an abnormally high rate of occurrence in members of the workforce

Occupational Disease

278

Suffix meaning pain

Odyna

279

Suffix meaning like

Oid

280

Prefix meaning few

Oligo

281

Diminished amount of urine production

Oliguria

282

Suffix meaning tumor

Oma

283

Inflammation of an ovary

Oophritis

284

An organism that exists as part of the normal flora but may become pathogenic under certain conditions

Opportunist

285

Temperature at which organisms grow best (98/100 degrees F)

Optimum Temperature

286

A condition or disease in which there is a change in anatomy

Organic

287

Suffix meaning full of

Osis

288

Pressure that develops when two solutions of different concentrations are separated by a semipermeable membrane

Osmotic Pressure

289

Prefix meaning bone

Osteo

290

A tumor formed of bone. May occur as an overgrowth or outgrowth from bone, but constituting an independent tumor

Osteoma

291

A disease marked by softening of the bones due to faulty calcification in adulthood

Osteomalacia

292

Inflammation of bone and bone marrow

Osteomyelitis

293

A disease of bone marked by increased porosity from widening of the Haversian canals and softness from absorption of the calcareous material. Loss of Bone density

Osteoporosis

294

Suffix meaning mouth

Ostomy

295

Suffix meaning cut

Otomy

296

Epidemic, widespread, even of worldwide event

Pandemic Disease

297

A circumscribed overgrowth or hypertrophy of the papillae - of a cutaneous or mucous surface

Papilloma

298

Paralysis agitans

Parkinson's Disease

299

An interactive relationship between two organisms in which one is harmed and the other benefits

Parasitism

300

Study of structural changes in the body caused by disease

Pathological Anatomy aka Morbid Anatomy

301

The science that deals with the study of disease

Pathology

302

The manner in which a disease develops

Pathogenesis

303

The state of producing or being able to produce pathological changes and disease

Pathogenicity

304

Suffix meaning disease

Pathy

305

Suffix meaning poverty, decrease

Penia

306

An ulcer of the mucous membrane of the stomach or duodenum, caused by the action of highly acid gastric juice

Peptic Ulcer

307

Inflammation of the pericardium, the membrane covering the heart and beginning of the great vessels

Pericarditis

308

Inflammation of the peritoneum, or lining of the abdominal cavity

Peritonitis

309

Antemortem, pinpoint, extravascular blood discoloration visible as purplish hemorrhages of the skin

Petechia

310

Prefix meaning to eat

Phgo

311

Inflammation of the mucous membrane and underlying parts of the pharynx

Pharyngitis

312

Suffix meaning affinity for

Phila

313

Prefix meaning vein

Phleb

314

Inflammation of a vein

Phlebitis

315

Congenital condition in which the proximal portions of the limbs are poorly developed or absent

Phocomelia

316

Study of changes in body functions due to disease

Physiological Pathology

317

Coloration caused by deposit, or lack, of colored material in the tissues

Pigmentation

318

Suffix meaning to form

Plasia

319

Suffix meaning paralysis

Plegia

320

Refers to the lungs/pulmonary

Plueral Cavity

321

Inflammation of the pleura, pleuritis

Pleurisy

322

Suffix meaning breath

Pnea

323

General term used to denote any prolonged inhalation of mineral dust

Pneumoconiosis

324

Infection of the lungs

Pneumonia

325

Prefix meaning gray

Polio

326

A highly contagious infectious disease of the spinal cord caused by a filterable virus

Poliomyelitis

327

Prefix meaning many, excess

Poly

328

An increase in total red blood cell mass

Polycythemia Vera

329

A growth or mass of tissue that protrudes from a mucous membrane

Polyp

330

Prefix meaning after

Post

331

Prefix meaning before

Pro

332

Number of cases of disease present in a specified population at a given time

Prevalance

333

An original infection from which a second one originates

Primary Infection

334

A small proteinaceous infectious particle that is resistant to most procedures that modify nucleic acids

Prion

335

Prediction of the outcome of disease

Prognosis

336

Inflammation of the prostate gland

Prostatitis

337

One-celled organisms of the Kingdom Protista - most are unicellular although some are colonial

Protozoa

338

Science that deals with study of protozoa

Protozoology

339

Prefix meaning false

Pseudo

340

Bacteria that prefer cold, thriving at temperatures between 0 and 25 degrees C

Psychrophile

341

Suffix meaning falling

Ptosis

342

To cause a copious evacuation from body orifices

Purge

343

Condition in which spontaneous bleeding occurs in the subcutaneous bleeding occurs in the subcutaneous tissues, causing the appearance of purple patches on the skin

Purpura

344

A small elevation of the skin containing pus

Pustule

345

Inflammation of the pelvis of the kidney

Pyelitis

346

Prefix meaning pus

Pyo

347

Reappearance of symptoms after a period of remission (abatement)

Recurrent

348

Returned, noting symptoms or lesions reappearing after an intermission or remission

Recurrent Disease

349

The replacement of damaged cells with identical cells

Regeneration

350

Temporary cessation of symptoms of disease

Remission

351

Kidney Stones

Renal Calucli

352

Physical or mechanical restoration of damaged or diseased tissue by the growth of healthy new cells, not necessarily the same type, or by surgery

Repair

353

The termination of the inflammatory response with the affected part returning to its normal state

Resolution

354

Suffix meaning bursting forth

Rhagia

355

Suffix meaning flow

Rhea

356

Inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane

Rhinitis

357

Inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane

Rhinitis

358

A disease of infants and young children caused by deficiency of vitamin D resulting in defective bone growth

Rickets

359

A genus of gram-negative, pathogenic, intracellular parasitic bacteria

Rickettsia

360

Area of science that studies rickettsia

Rickettsiology

361

Inflammation of the fallopian tube, or of the eustachian tube

Salpingitis

362

Suffix meaning hardening

Sclerosis

363

Infection caused by a different organism than the one causing the primary infection

Secondary Infection

364

Condition characterized by the multiplication of bacteria in blood

Septicemia

365

Objective disturbances produced by disease, observed by physician, nurse or person attending patient

Signs

366

Inflammation of the sinus cavities

Sinusitis

367

Deals with the specific features of disease in relation to particular organs or organ systems

Special Pathology

368

Congenital defect in which part of the vertebral column is absent or incomplete closure

Spina Bifida

369

A genus of spiral bacteria having a corkscrew shape with a rigid cell wall and hair-like projections called flagella that assist in movement

Spirillum (pl. Spirilla)

370

A genus of bacteria having a flexible cell wall but no flagella in the traditional sense. Movement in these organisms occurs by contractions (undulating) of long filaments (endoflagella) that run the length of the cell

Spirochete

371

Disease that occurs occasionally in a random or isolated manner

Sporadic

372

A genus of gram-positive, nonmotile, opportunistic bacteria which tend to aggregate in irregular, grape-like clusters

Staphylococcus

373

Suffix meaning standing still

Stasis

374

Abnormal constriction of a channel or orifice

Stenosis

375

Process of completely removing or destroying all life forms or their products on or in a substance

Sterilization

376

A genus of bacteria containing gram-negative rods, which form a chain like colony

Streptobacilli

377

Gram-positive cocci that occur in chains

Streptococci

378

A microbe that canly only live in the presence of oxygen

Strict (Obligate) Aerobe

379

A microbe that can only survive in an area without oxygen present

Strict (Obligate) Anaerobe

380

A parasite that is completely dependent on its living host for survival

Strict (Obligate) Parasite

381

An organism that can only survive on dead or decaying organic matter

Strict (Obligate) Saprophyte

382

The formation of pus

Suppuration

383

Study of tissue specimens excised surgically in a major or minor operation

Surgical Pathology

384

The living together in close association of different species

Symbiosis

385

Subjective disturbances caused by disease that are felt or experienced by patient but not directly measurable

Symptoms

386

Prefix meaning together with

Syn

387

Set of signs and symptoms associated with a particular disease

Syndrome

388

The harmonious action of two microorganisms producing an effect that neither could produce alone

Synergism

389

Grouping of four spherical shaped cells

Tetracocci

390

Bacteria that thrive best at high temperatures between 40 and 70 degrees C

Thermophile

391

The formation or presence of an attached blood clot

Thrombosis

392

Blood distribution throughout the body of poisonous products of bacteria growing in a focal or local site, thus producing generalized symptoms

Toxemia

393

A poisonous substance of plant, animal, bacterial, or fungal origin

Toxin

394

Suffix meaning nourish

Trophy

395

Real or genuine disease producing organism

True Pathogen

396

Implantation and development of the fertilized ovum in a uterine tube

Tubal Pregnancy

397

An open sore or lesion of skin or mucous membrane accompanied by sloughing of inflamed necrotic tissue

Ulcer

398

Suffix meaning relating to urine

Uria

399

A toxic condition caused by retention in the blood of waste products normally excreted in the urine

Uremia

400

Relating to one or both ureters

Ureteritis

401

Inflammation of the urethra

Urethritis

402

Inflammation of the vagina, colpitis

Vaginitis

403

Failure of a heart valve to close tightly, thus allowing regurgitation of blood

Valvular Insufficiency (Incompetence)

404

Blister-like eleVation of skin containing serous fluid

Vesicle

405

A genus of spiral bacteria which are curved or bent rods that resemble commas

Vibrio

406

To move rapidly, vibrate

Vibrio

407

An agent destructive to viruses

Viricide

408

The study of viruses and viral diseases

Virology

409

Relative power and degree of pathogenicity possessed by organisms to produce disease

Virulence

410

An intracellular, infectious parasite, capable of living and reproducing only living cells

Virus

411

AKA moist gangrene

Wet Gangrene

412

Prefix meaning yellow

Xantho