Potentially Hazardous Chemicals Flashcards Preview

MORS 200 - Sciences > Potentially Hazardous Chemicals > Flashcards

Flashcards in Potentially Hazardous Chemicals Deck (30):
1

A substance which, when introduced into a living organism interferes with the normal physiological functions of that organism

Poison

2

A poisonous substance of plant or animal origin

Toxins

3

That amount of the poison which will cause death to the organism to which it is administered

Lethal Dose

4

A colorless, volatile liquid derived by the oxidation of secondary propanol. Used primarily as a solvent in embalming fluids
Flammable and moderately toxic
Tolerance is placed at 1000 ppm in the air

Acetone

5

These colorless liquids are produced by the oxidation of saturated hydrocarbons.
Flammable and used as the solvent vehicle in embalming fluids

Alcohol

6

The most toxic alcohol which causes blindness if ingested

Methanol

7

A dark red-brown powder used as an internal cosmetic dye in embalming fluids. Toxic if ingested in sufficient quantity

Amaranth

8

A white crystal solid substance used as an herbicide. Considered to be a carcinogen to humans

Amitrole

9

A colorless gas with a pungent odor which can be used as a solvent for other substances. Inhalation can cause edema of the respiratory tract

Ammonia

10

A ketone derived from the wood of the Camphor tree. Flammable and moderately toxic. Tolerance is about 2 mg per cubic meter of air

Camphor

11

A derivative of coal tar. Used primarily as a disinfectant. Irritating to skin and mucous membranes. Moderate to highly toxic if inhaled or ingested

Cresol

12

Light brown powder. Fungicidal and bacteriocidal. Moderately toxic.

Dichlorophene

13

Colorless liquid or anhydrous crystal. Derived from ethylene oxide and ammonia. Used as a solvent for other substances. Slightly toxic

Diethanol Amine

14

Colorless hygroscopic oily liquid substance used as a solvent. Moderately toxic

Diethylformamide

15

A clear, volatile flammable liquid with a fruitlike odor. Inhaled in large amount it can cause renal and hepatic failure

Ethyl Acetate

16

Colorless crystal which is soluble in water. Used as a water conditioning sequestering agent or buffer agent in embalming fluids. Anticoagulant

EDTA

17

Water soluble colorless gas with pungent odor used as the preservative in most embalming fluids. Causes eye and respiratory irritation. Highly Toxic

Formaldehyde

18

A colorless liquid with a pungent, irritating odor which is used as a solvent. Highly toxic if inhaled or ingested

Formic Acid

19

Non-flammable liquid used as a preservative or a supplementary germicide. Irritant and considered to be moderately toxic

Glutaraldehyde

20

Clear, colorless, syrupy liquid used as a humectant in embalming fluids. Lethal if ingested

Glycol

21

Family of liquids and solids including laundry bleach. Can be irritating to skin and mucous membranes and toxic if inhaled or ingested

Hypochlorite

22

Liquid petroleum product used in the organic synthesis of other products. Highly flammable and explosive

Isobutane

23

A colorless liquid used as a solvent for other ketone substance. Highly explosive

Methyl Ethyl Ketone

24

A family of petroleum solvents. Flammable products

Mineral Spirits

25

Cotton-like solid substance used as a colloid in embalming products. Highly Flammable

Nitrocellulose

26

A colorless liquid with a pleasant odor used as an insecticide. Irritating to eyes and mucous membranes of respiratory tract

Orthodichlorobenzene

27

Colorless crystal solid used as a stripping agent. Highly toxic if inhaled or ingested

Oxalic Acid

28

White crystal solid. Used as mold preventative agent in caskets. Irritating to eyes

Paradichlorobenzene

29

Solid polymer of formaldehyde. Used as the primary preservative in hardening compounds and embalming powders. Highly toxic if ingested and irritating to eyes

Paraformaldehyde

30

Colorless liquid as a solvent of other substances. Explosive. Toxic if ingested. Can cause skin irritations

Toluene