Anatomy glossary Flashcards Preview

MORS 200 - Sciences > Anatomy glossary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy glossary Deck (660):
1

How much blood is in the average adult?

6 Quarts or 5.5 Liters

2

Body area between the diaphragm and the pelvis

Abdomen

3

To move away from the midline

Abduct

4

To bluntly adjoin another structure; for example the line of eye closure

Abut

5

This term is applied to a lesser structure that resembles in structure and function a similar organ, as an example the accessory pancreatic duct

Accessory

6

Organs that contribute to the digestive process but are not part of the alimentary canal, including the tongue, teeth, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder

Accessory Digestive Organs

7

Cup-like cavity on lateral surface of hip bone that receives the femur

Acetabulum

8

A contractile protein in cells, especially abundant in muscle cells

Actin

9

A large, transient depolarization event, including polarity reversal, that is conducted along the plasma membrane of a nerve axon or muscle cell without diminishing in intensity

Action Potential

10

Producing severe symptoms in the short term; rapidly developing

Acute

11

The study of glands

Adenology

12

A triangular body covering the superior surface of each kidney

Adrenal Gland

13

To move toward the midline of the body

Adduct

14

This muscle makes of the medial border of the femoral triangle

Adductor Longus

15

This muscle appears at the bottom of the femoral triangle

Adductor Magnus

16

The pharyngeal tonsil on the roof of the pharynx

Adenoids

17

Molecule in cells that stores and releases chemical energy for use in body cells

Adenosine Triosphate ATP

18

Fatty

Adipose

19

Hormone secreting gland located superior to the kidney; consists of medulla and cortex areas

Adrenal Gland AKA Suprarenal Gland

20

Epinephrine

Adrenaline

21

Outer coat of a tube shaped structure such as blood vessels

Adventitia aka Externa

22

Oxygen requiring

Aerobic

23

Nerve cell that carries impulses toward the central nervous system; sensory neuron

Afferent Neuron

24

The digestive system tube from the mouth to the anus, including the mouth or buccal cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, and small and large intestines

Alimentary Canal

25

Overzealous immune response to an otherwise harmless substance

Allergy

26

A bony ridge found on the inferior surface of the Maxilla and the superior surface of the Mandible which contains the sockets for the teeth

Alveolar Process

27

An abnormal protrusion of the Alveolar Process(es)

Alveolar Prognathism

28

Literally a small cavity; in the lungs, these are microscopic saclike dilations of terminal bronchioles

Alveolus

29

Organic compound containing nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; building block of proteins

Amino Acid

30

Saclike dilation of a tube or duct

Ampulla

31

To cut off a limb; to dismember

Amputate

32

Connection between vessels; for example, the Circle of Willis is this of certain cerebral arteries

Anastomoses

33

A descriptive reference for locating arteries and veins by means of anatomical structures which are known

Anatomical Guide

34

Points of origin and points of termination in relation to adjacent structures; used to designate the boundaries of arteries

Anatomical Limits

35

The body is erect, feet together, palms facing forward, and thumbs are pointed away from the body

Anatomical Position

36

The structure of an organism; the branch of science dealing with the structure of organisms

Anatomy

37

Reduced oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood; results from too few erythrocytes or from abnormal hemoglobin

Anemia

38

Blood filled saclike dilation of the wall of an artery

Aneuysm

39

The study of the circulatory system

Angiology

40

The degree from vertical at which the surfaces of a prominent feature projects

Angle of Projection

41

The small convex prominence found lateral to the end of the line of closure of the mouth; a natural facial marking

Angulus Oris Eminence

42

The groove found at each end of the line of closure of the mouth, a natural facial marking

Angulus Oris Sulcus

43

An opening

Aperture

44

The depression just in front of the elbow joint

Antecubital

45

Before or in front of; refers to the ventral or abdominal side of the body

Anterior aka Ventral

46

External opening of the nostrils

Anterior Nares

47

A protein molecule that is secreted by a plasma cell and that binds to an antigen in immune responses

Antibody

48

A molecule that is recognized as foreign by the immune system, activates the immune system, and reacts with immune cells or antibodies

Antigen

49

The inner rim of the ear

Antihelix

50

A small eminence obliquely opposite the tragus on the superior border of the lobe of the ear

Antitragus

51

Cavity; for example, the _______ of Highmore, the space in each maxillary bone, or the maxillary sinus

Antrum

52

The main trunk of the systemic arterial system

Aorta

53

Pointed end of a conical structure

Apex

54

Death brought about by the cessation of respiration or improper functioning of the respiratory apparatus

Apnea

55

Flat sheet of white fibrous tissue that serves as a muscle attachment, a tendon

Aponeurosis

56

Pertaining to an appendix; pertaining to the limbs

Appendicular

57

The bony structure that makes up the shoulder girdle, upper extremities, pelvis, and lower extremities

Appendicular Skeleton

58

Includes the scapula, clavicle, humerus, radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges

Appendicular Skeleton (Upper)

59

Includes the os coxa, femur, patella, tibia, fibula, tarsals, metatarsals, and phalanges

Appendicular Skeleton (Lower)

60

Circular, pigmented area of skin surrounding the nipple

Areola

61

Vessels carrying blood away from the heart

Arteries

62

Small arteries whose walls are comprised of smooth muscle and endothelia cells

Arterioles

63

Watery fluid in the anterior segment of the eye

Aqueous Humor

64

Curved, as the beak of an eagle, as viewed form the profile, a nose which exhibits a hook of convexity in its dorsum

Aquiline

65

The web-like middle layer of the three meninges

Arachnoid Matter

66

A structure which exhibits a curved or bow-like outline

Arch

67

The inferior margin of the nasal wing which forms a distinct concave arc superiorly

Arch of the Wing

68

Containing minute interspaces in a tissue

Areolar

69

Hardening of the arteries; any of a number of degenerative changes in the walls of arteries leading to a decrease in their elasticity

Arteriosclerosis

70

Minute arteries with muscular walls and about .2 mm in diameter; a terminal artery continuous with the capillary network

Arterioles

71

The place of union between two or more bones; a joint

Articulation

72

The first part of the colon in the right side of the abdomen

Ascending Colon

73

Accumulation of serous fluids in the peritoneal cavity

Ascites

74

Indicates a weakness or feebleness of any organ or function

Asthenia

75

Lack of symmetry, balance, or proportion

Asymmetry

76

Changes in the walls of large arteries involving the deposit of lipid plaques; the most common variety of arteriosclerosis

Atherosclerosis

77

Fatty degeneration or thickening of the walls of the larger arteries occurring in atherosclerosis

Atheroma

78

Paired, superiorly located heart chambers that receive blood returning to the heart

Atria

79

Chamber or cavity; for example, atrium of each side of the heart

Atrium

80

A wasting, decrease in size of an organ or tissue

Atrophy

81

General visceral motor division of the peripheral nervous system; innervates smooth and cardiac muscle, and glands

Autonomic Nervous System

82

Situated in or pertaining to an axis (a real or imaginary line that runs through the center of a body or about which a point revolves)

Axial

83

This includes 74 bones that form the upright axis of the body and 6 tiny middle ear bones

Axial Skeleton

84

The bones included in the axial skeleton are

Skull
Hyoid
Vertebrae
Ribs
Sternum

85

The armpit area is known as

Axillary

86

Lymphocytes that oversee humoral immunity; they divide to generate plasma cells, which secrete antibodies

B Cells aka B Lymphocytes

87

Areas of gray matter located deep within the white matter of the cerebral hemispheres; regulate certain aspects of movement

Basal Nuclei aka Basal Ganglia

88

The arm pit

Base of the axillary space

89

Established by drawing a line along the fold of skin which envelops the lateral border of the pectoralis major muscle

Anterior Boundary

90

Established by drawing a line along the fold of skin which envelops the lateral border of the latissimus dorsi muscle

Posterior Boundary

91

Established by drawing a line which connects the two points where the pectoralis major and latissimus dorsi muscles blend into the chest wall

Medial Boundary

92

Established by drawing a line which connects the two points where the pectoralis major and latissimus dorsi muscles blend into the arm

Lateral Boundary

93

Is the heart valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle

Bicuspid Valve aka Mitral Valve

94

Relating to, or having two sides

Bilateral

95

Dissimilarities existing in the two sides or halves of an object

Bilateral Differences

96

The bilateral view; an inferior or superior viewpoint which permits the comparison of the two sides or halves of an object or facial feature

Bilateral Silhouette

97

The symmetry of paired organs, of an organism whose right and left halves are mirror images of each other, or in which a median longitudinal section divides the organism into equivalent right and left halves

Bilateral Symmetry

98

Greenish fluid secreted by the liver, stored in the gallbladder, and released into the small intestine; helps start the breakdown of fats

Bile

99

Pertaining to bile

Biliary

100

The organs and ducts that participate in the secretion, storage, and delivery of bile in the duodenum

Biliary Tract

101

A reddish-brown (actually yellow) pigment from the result of hemoglobin breakdown

Bilirubin

102

A green discoloration resulting from further breakdown of hemoglobin due to high HCHO index and an acid medium

Biliverdin

103

Removing a piece of living tissue to examine it under a microscope. Usually done to diagnose a suspected disease condition

Biopsy

104

A membranous sac or receptacle for a secretion

Bladder

105

A thin vesicle on the skin containing liquid matter

Blister

106

Tissue that circulates through the vascular system and is composed of approximately 22% solids and 78% water

Blood

107

The pH of blood is slightly

Alkaline aka Base (7.4)

108

Force exerted by blood against a unit area of the blood vessel walls; differences in blood pressure between different areas of the circulation provide the driving force for blood circulation

Blood Pressure

109

The cell type, present throughout life, from which all blood cells arise. Present in the bone marrow.
Not only gives rise to blood cells, but also to mast cells, osteoclasts, and dendritic cells of the immune system.

Blood Stem Cell aka Pluripotential Hematopoietic Stem Cell

110

Circulatory network composed of the heart, arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, and veins

Blood Vascular System

111

The horizontal portion of the lower jaw

Body of the Mandible

112

Acute, deep-seated inflammation in the skin which usually begins as a subcutaneous swelling in a hair follicle

Boil aka Furuncle

113

A rounded mass of food prepared by the mouth for swallowing

Bolis

114

Pertaining to the arm

Brachial

115

Collectively, the midbrain, pons, and medulla of the brain

Brain Stem

116

A raised support; the arched portion of the nose which is supported by the nasal bones; a structure or span connecting two parts of a mutilated bone

Bridge

117

Small branch of a bronchus

Bronchiole

118

One of the two branches of the trachea

Bronchus

119

An injury caused by a blow without laceration

Bruise AKA Contusion AKA Ecchymosis AKA Suggilation

120

Relating to the cheek or mouth

Buccal

121

The space between the lips and the gums and teeth; the vestibule of the oral cavity

Buccal Cavity

122

Natural, shallow concavities of the cheeks which extend obliquely downward from the medial or lateral margins of the cheekbones

Buccal Depressions

123

The principle muscle of the cheek which compresses the cheeks and forms the lateral wall of the mouth

Buccinator AKA Trumpeters Muscle

124

The vertical furrow of the cheek; an Acquired facial marking

Bucco-Facial Sulcus

125

Tendon that attaches the calf muscles to the heel bone

Calcaneal AKA Achilles Tendon

126

The posterior; lower leg

Calf

127

Cup shaped division of the renal pelvis

Calyx

128

The dome like superior portion of the cranium; that portion removed during cranial autopsy

Calvarium

129

A narrow tube, channel, or passageway

Canal

130

Microscopic blood vessels; capillaries connect arterioles with venules

Capillary AKA Microscopic Lymphatic Vessels

131

Several communicating boils of the skin and subcutaneous tissues with the production and discharge of pus and dead tissue

Carbuncle

132

A cancer-causing chemical or material

Carcinogen

133

Is an indentation in the left lung where the heart lies against the lung forming an indentation

Cardiac Notch

134

The yellow pigment of the skin

Carotene

135

Pertaining to the wrist

Carpal

136

The smallest vessels between the arterioles and venules which walls are only comprised of endothelia cells

Capillary

137

Capsula; a sheath or continuous enclosure around an organ or structure

CApsule

138

A canal in the petrous portion of the temporal bone that transmits the internal carotid artery and the internal carotid plexus of sympathetic nerves

Carotid Canal

139

A specialized type of dense connective tissue; attached to the ends of bones and forming parts of structures, such as the nasal septum and the framework of the ear

Cartilage

140

Refers to the study of the heart

Cardiology

141

The formation of cavities in an organ or tissue; frequently seen in some forms of tuberculosis

Cavitation

142

A hollow place or area

Cavity

143

White, semiopaque, resilient connective tissue

Cartilage AKA Gristle

144

Pertaining to the tail of an animal; Opposite of cephalic

Caudal

145

Blind pouch; the pouch at the proximal end of the large intestine

Cecum

146

Pertaining to the abdomen

Celiac

147

Situated at or pertaining to a center

Central

148

Brain and spinal cord. Centriole Barrel-shaped organelle formed of microtubles and located near the nucleus of the cell; active in cell division

Central Nervous System (CNS)

149

The head

Cephalic

150

Brain region that is attached to the pons and smoothes and coordinates body movements.

Cerebellum

151

The narrow cavity of the midbrain that connects the third and fourth ventricles

Cerebral Aqueduct

152

The external, gray matter region of the cerebral hemispheres

Cerebral Cortex

153

Neck; Any neck-like structure

Cervix

154

Funnel-shaped openings, especially of the posterior nares; one of the communicating passageways between the nasal fossae and the pharynx

Chonae

155

A steroid lipid found in animal fats as well as in the plasma membranes of the cells

Cholesterol

156

Bar-like body of tightly coiled chromatin, visible during cell division; typical human cells have 46

Chromosome

157

Long-term; prolonged

Chronic

158

Food that has been processed by the stomach that is ready to exit via the intestine

Chyme

159

The eyelashes

Cilia

160

Motile, hair-like projection from the apical surface of certain epithelial cells

Cilium

161

Is comprised of 9 arteries, the right and left internal carotid, the anterior communicating artery, which serves to link the right and left anterior cerebral arteries, the right and left posterior cerebral arteries and the right and lest posterior communicating arteries

Circle of Willis

162

A chronic disease, particularly of the liver, characterized by an overgrowth of connective tissue, or fibrosis

Cirrhosis

163

A phase of somatic death lasting from 5-6 minutes during which life may be restored

Clinical Death

164

Snail shaped chamber of the bony labyrinth in the inner ear; houses the receptor for hearing (spiral organ, or organ of Corti)

Cochlea

165

The large intestine from the end of the cecum to the anal canal that surrounds the anus

Colon

166

The fleshy termination of the nasal septum at the base of the nose; located between the nostrils; the most inferior part of the mass of the nose

Columna Nasi

167

Exhibiting a depressed or hollow surface

Concave

168

A facial profile variation in which the forehead protrudes beyond eyebrows while the chin recedes from the plane of the upper lip

Concave-Convex Profile

169

A depressed profile form which may dip concavely from root to tip

Concave Nasal Profile

170

A basic facial profile form in which the forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows while the chain protrudes beyond the plane of the upper lip (least Common)

Concave Profile (Infantine, Retrousse)

171

A facial profile variation in which the forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows while the upper lip and chin project equally to an imaginary vertical line

Concave-Vertical Profile

172

One of the three nasal conchae; a scroll like bone

Concha

173

A rounded protuberance at the end of the bone forming an articulation

Condyle

174

A primary tissue; form and function vary widely, but all connective tissues contain a large amount of extracellular matrix; functions include support, holding tissue fluid, and protection from disease

Connective Tissue

175

Thin, protective mucous membrane that covers the white of the eye and the internal surface of eyelids

Conjunctiva

176

Transparent anterior portion of the eyeball

Cornea

177

That portion of the cornea recovered for transplantation in situ. The cornea and sclera considered together comprising the tunica fibrosa or fibrous coat of the eye

Corneal Sclera Button

178

Legal term referring to a dead body

Corpse

179

Having an abnormal amount of fat on the body

Corpulence AKA Obesity

180

The outer layer of an organ as distinguished from the inner medulla, as in the adrenal gland, kidney, ovary, lymph node, thymus, and cerebrum and cerebellum

Cortex

181

A glucocorticoid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex

Cortisol

182

Pertaining to the ribs

Costal

183

Sensory nerves in the retina of the eye having to do with color detection

Cones of the Eye

184

Basically serves the purpose of protecting, supporting, and binding body parts together

Connective Tissue

185

Curved evenly; resembling a segment of the outer edge of a sphere

Conves

186

A profile variation in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrows while the chin protrudes beyond the plane of the upper lip

Convex-Concae Profile

187

A nasal profile which exhibits a hump in its linear form

Convex Nasal Profile (Roman, aquiline)

188

A basic profile form in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrows while the chin recedes from the plane of the upper lip (Most Common)

Convex Profile

189

A profile variation in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrows while the chin and upper lip project equally to an imaginary vertical line

Convex-Vertical Profile

190

Vertical prominences of the neck; an acquired facial marking

Cords of the neck

191

The transparent structure which constitutes the anterior segment of the external layer of the eyeball

Cornea

192

Having an abnormal amount of fat on the body

Corpulence

193

A pyramid shaped muscle of facial expression which draws the eyebrows inferiorly and medially

Currogator

194

The 12 pairs of nerves that attach to the brain

Cranial Nerves

195

The part of the human skill which encloses the brain

Cranium

196

A ridge; example, the iliac crest; a less prominent ridge is called a line

Crest

197

Crackling sensation produced when gases trapped in tissues are palpated, as in subcutaneous emphysema

Crepitation

198

Thin, medial portion of the ethmoid bone of the skill

Cribriform Plate

199

The topmost part of the head

Crown AKA Vertex

200

The superior and anterior bifurcating branches of the antihelix of the ear

Crura of the Antihelix

201

Pertaining to the forearm

Cubital

202

A normal or abnormal bending or sloping away; a curve

Curvature

203

Pertaining to the skin

Cutaneous

204

A condition of skin puckering caused by the contraction of the erector pili

Cutis Ansernia

205

Bluish discoloration of the skin or mucous membrane due to lack of oxygen

Cyanosis

206

A sac within or on the body surface containing air or fluid

Cyst

207

Of or pertaining to a cyst; pertaining to the gallbladder; pertaining to the urinary bladder

Cystic

208

The part of a cell between the plasma membrane and the nucleus; contains many organelles

Cytoplasm

209

Irreversible cessation of all vital functions

Death

210

Separation of the head from the body; The act of such separation

Decapitation

211

Below the surface

Deep

212

Carrying away

Deferens

213

Elimination of the contents (feces) of the bowel

Defecation

214

Loss of moisture from body tissue which may occur antemortem or postmortem

Dehydration

215

Neuron process that transmits signals toward the cell body and serves as receptive region of the neuron; most branch extensively

Dendrite

216

Oblique insertion of the teeth

Dental Prognathism aka Buck teeth

217

A nuecleic acid found in all living cells; carries the organisms hereditary information

Deoxyribonucleic Acid DNA

218

To lower inferiorly or to reduce projection

Depress

219

A hollow or concave region; the lowering of a part

Depression

220

A muscle of facial expression which depresses the angle of the mouth

Depressor Anguli Oris

221

A muscle of facial expression which draws the lower lip inferiorly and slightly lateral

Depressor Labii Inferioris

222

The leathery layer of skin, deep to the epidermis; composed largely of dense irregular connective tissue

Dermis, Derma, Corium, True Skin

223

The section of the colon which turns downward at the splenic flexure and descends on the left side of the abdomen

Descending Colon

224

Process of drying out

Desiccation

225

Sloughing off of the epidermis wherein there is a separation of the epidermis from the underlying dermis

Desquamation aka Skin Slip

226

Reduction of the toxic properties of a poisonous substance

Detoxification

227

Refers to the study of the body before birth

Developmental Anatomy aka Embryology

228

A variation from the common or established

Deviations

229

Disease characterized by passage of a large quantity of dilute urine plus intense thirst and dehydration; caused by inadequate release of antiduretic hormone

Diabetes Insipidous Type 1 AKA Juvenile Diabetes

230

Disease cause by deficient release of, or deficient use of, insulin; characterized by an inability of the body cells to use sugars at a normal rate and by high blood sugar levels

Diabetes Mellitus aka Type 2 aka Adult Onset Diabetes

231

Relaxation phase of the heart action, or beat

Diastole

232

A double bellied muscle which draws the hyoid bone superiorly

Digastricus

233

Anatomical term describing fingers and toes

Digits

234

The condition of the heart being enlarged, occurring normally, artificially, or as a result of disese

Dilatation (Dilation)

235

Any partition or wall separating one area from another; the muscular sheet that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity

Diaphragm

236

The spreading of particles in a gas or solution from regions of high particle concentration to regions of low concentration, with movement toward a uniform distribution of the particles

Diffusion

237

Expansion or widening of a vessel, organ, or opening

Dilation

238

Disjoining of bones

Disarticulate

239

Any abnormal color in or upon the human body

Discoloration

240

Any deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of a body part, organ, or system

Disease

241

Farthest from the center, from a medial line, or from the trunk; opposite to proximal

Distal

242

A state of being twisted or pushed out of natural shape or position

Distrotion

243

Outpocketing from a tubular organ such as the intestine

Diverticulum

244

Pertaining to the book; opposite of ventral

Dorsal aka Posterior

245

A wooden or metal rod used as an armature; Inserted into the foramen magnum to reattach a decapitation

Dowel

246

The first and shortest part of the small intestine

Duodenum

247

Most external and toughest of the three membranes (meninges) covering the brain and spinal cord

Dura Mater

248

The organ of hearing

Ear aka Pinna

249

Abnormal accumulation of tissue fluid in the loose connective tissue; causes the affected body region to swell

Edema AKA Dropsy

250

Muscle or gland capable of being activated by motor nerve endings

Effector

251

Carrying away or away from, especially a nerve fiber that carries impulses away from the central nervous system

Efferent aka Motor (neurons)

252

A raised surface or part

Elevation

253

Excessive leanness; a wasted condition resulting in sunken surfaces of the face

Emaciation

254

A severe skin irritation due to prolonged exposure to formaldehyde or other embalming chemicals

Embalmer's Eczema

255

Any abnormal mass carried freely in the bloodstream; maybe a clot, bubble of air, mass of fat, or clumps of cells

Embolus

256

A prominence or projection, especially of a bone

Eminence

257

The layer that lines the inner surface of the heart wall; consists of endothelium and areolar connective tissue

Endocardium

258

Secreting into the blood or tissue fluid rather than into a duct

Endocrine

259

Mucous membrane lining the uterus

Endometrium

260

The simple squamous epithelium that lines the walls of the heart, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels

Endothelium

261

The removal of an entire mass or part, especially a tumor or the eyeball, without rupture

Enucleation

262

An organic catalyst produced by living cells and capable of autolytic decomposition

Enzymes

263

The outermost layer of skin; the cuticle or scarf skin

Epidermis

264

Bleeding from the nose

Epistaxis

265

Comma shaped structure in the scrotum adjacent to the testis; contains a duct in which the sperm mature

Epididymis

266

A leaf-shaped structure of elastic cartilage that extends from the posterior surface of the tongue to the larynx; covers the opening of the larynx during swallowing

Epiglottis

267

Ends of a long bone

Epiphyses

268

A primary tissue that covers body surfaces and lines body cavities

Epithelium

269

When mature, an erythrocyte is literally a sac of hemoglobin covered by a plasma membrane

Erythrocyte aka Red Blood Cell

270

Female sex hormones

Estrogens

271

A term applied to the external secretion of a gland

Exocrine

272

Glands that secrete onto body surfaces or into body cavities; except for the one-celled goblet cells, all of these have ducts

Exocrine Glands

273

Loss of blood to the point where life can no longer be sustained

Exsanguination

274

Straightening out a body part such as the arm

Extension

275

Exterior; the opposite of medial or internal

External

276

The lateral, outer opening of the external auditory canal

External Auditory Meatus

277

Outside a cell

Extracellular

278

Outside of the blood vascular system

Extravascular

279

Originating outside an organ or part

Extrinsic

280

Also the superficial hairs covering the superciliary arches

Eyebrows aka Supercilium

281

Two movable flaps of skin which cover and uncover each eyeball

Eyelids aka Palpebrae

282

The bony region containing the eyeball

Eye Socket aka Oral Cavity

283

Sheet of connective tissue

Fascia

284

Organic compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; chemically a triglyceride ester, composed of glycerol and fatty acids

Fat

285

A product of decomposition of fats

Fatty Acids

286

Fibrous insoluble protein formed during blood clotting; takes the form of a fiber network

Fibrin

287

Passage of a solution or suspension through a membrane of filter with the purpose of holding back the larger particles

Filtration

288

Groove

Fissure

289

Bending a body part such as the arm

Flexion

290

A hole, small opening; example, foramen magnum of the occipital bone

Foramen

291

An opening in the occipital bone through which the spinal cord passes from the brain

Foramen Magnum

292

A hollow or depression

Fossa

293

Cavity or hollow

Fovea

294

The vertical restraining fold of mucous midline of the inside of each lip connecting the lip with the gum

Frenulum

295

The anterior third or the cranium, forming the forehead and the anterior portion of the roof of the skull

Frontal Bone

296

The two rounded prominences, one on each side of the frontal bone, located where the forehead turns backward to become the anterior portion of the crown of the head

Frontal Eminences

297

The ascending part of the upper jaw which gradually protrudes as it rises beside the nasal bone to meet the frontal bone; the ascending process of the upper jaw

Frontal Process of the Maxilla

298

The hollows formed on either side of the separation of the two plates of the frontal bone beneath the superciliary ridge

Frontal Sinuses

299

Helps to raise the eyebrows

Frontalis Muscle

300

Base of a hollow organ, for example, the part farthest from its outlet

Fundus

301

A crevice in the skin accompanied by adjacent elevations

Furrow aka Wrinkle

302

A pear shaped sac on the underside of the right lobe of the liver that stores bile received from the liver

Gallbladder

303

Combining form meaning stomach

Gaster

304

Pertaining to the stomach

Gastric

305

Reproductive organs

Genitalia

306

The period of pregnancy; averages 280 days in humans

Gestation

307

A single bony prominence of the frontal bone located between the superciliary arches in the inferior part o fhte frontal bone above the root of the nose

Glabella

308

A secretory organ or structure; a cell or group of cells that can manufacture a secretion discharged and used in some other part of the body

Gland

309

A protein found in blood

Blobin

310

Of the tongue

Glossal

311

The opening between the two vocal cords in the larynx

Glottis

312

The principal blood sugar; the main sugar used by cells for energy

Glucose

313

The buttocks

Gluteal

314

A long chain of glucose molecules; the main form in which sugar is stored in animal cells; takes the form of dense granules in the cytoplasm

Glycogen

315

Primary reproductive organ; the testis of the male or the ovary of the female

Gonad

316

Gray area of the CNS; Contains neuron cell bodies and unmyelinated processes of neurons

Gray Matter

317

The viscous, spongy part of the extracellular matrix of connective tissue; its large molecules attract water and hold tissue fluid

Ground Substance

318

Reers to the study of the body with the unaided eye

Gross Anatomy

319

An influential person in medical embalming who discovered the circulation of blood in 1628

Dr. William Harvey

320

A rounded projection beyond a narrow neckline portion

Head

321

Abnormal heart sound (usually resulting from valve problems)

Heart Murmur

322

The outer rim of the ear

Helix

323

Blood present in vomitus; Vomiting of blood from the stomach

Hematemesis

324

The study of blood

Hematology

325

A mass of blood that has bled from blood vessels into the tissues

Hematoma

326

The non protein portion of hemoglobinl the red pigment of the hemoglobin

Heme

327

The red respiratory portion of the red blood cells; iron containing pigment of red blood cells functioning to carry oxygen to the cells

Hemoglobin

328

Blood in sputum

Hemoptysis

329

Pertaining to the liver

Hepar aka Hepatic

330

A gland that has both endocrine and exocrine functions

Heterocrine

331

Depression where vessels enter an organ

Hilus or Hilum

332

Shaped like the letter U; the bone of this shape is at the base of the tongue

Hyoid

333

The third portion of the small intestine, about 12 ft in length

Ileum

334

The depression between the mental eminence and the inferior incisor teeth

Incisive Fossa

335

The four teeth located anteriorly from the midline on each jaw, used for cutting

Incisor Teeth

336

Beneath; lower; used medically in reference to the undersurface of an organ or indicating a structure below another structure

Inferior

337

The lowermost scroll-shaped bones on the sidewalls of the nasal cavity

Inferior Nasal Conchae

338

The furrow of the lower attached border of the inferior palpebra; an acquired facial marking

Inferior Palpebral Sulcus

339

A form of prognathism in which the base of the nasal cavty protrudes abnormally

Infranasal Prognathism

340

Pertaining to the groin

Inguinal

341

Anatomical structure forming the base of the femoral triangle

Inguinal Ligament; Poupartous Ligament

342

Extends from the anterior superior iliac spine to the pubic tubercle

Inguinal Ligament; Poupartous Ligament

343

Eminence at the medial corner of the closed eyelids

Inner Canthus

344

Relating to the inegument

Inegumentary

345

Superiorly, the skin portion of the upper lip from the attached margin of the upper mucous membrane to the base of the nose; and inferior, the skin portion of the lower lip from the attached margin of the mucous membrane to the labiomental sulcus

Integumentary Lips

346

Between the cells of a structure

Intercellular

347

The vertical or transverse furrow between the eyebrows; acquired facial markings

Interviliary Sulci

348

Space between the ribs

Intercostal Space

349

Fluid in the supporting connective tissues surrounding body cells

Interstitial Fluid

350

Within a cell or cells

Intracellular

351

Within the body; within or on the inside; the opposite of external

Internal

352

Of or forming small spaces between things

Interstitial

353

From within the body

Intrinsic

354

Reduction in arterial blood supply

Ischemia

355

A tiny isolated mass of one kind of tissue within another type

Islet

356

Clusters of cells in the pancreas that are responsible for secreting insulin

Islets of Langerhans

357

The portion of the small intestine, about 8 ft in length, between the duodenum and the ileum

Jejunum

358

The point of juncture between two bones; Usually formed of fibrous connective tissue and cartilage

Joints

359

Lips

Labia

360

Furrows of age; the vertical furrows of each lip extending from within the mucous membranes into the integumentary lips

Labial Sulci

361

The junction of the lower integumentary lip and the superios border of the chin, which may appear as a furrow

Labiomental Sulcus

362

Pertaining to tears

Lacrimal

363

Space or cavity

Lacuna

364

Is comprised of first the ascending colon, second the transverse colon, third the descending colon, and finally the sigmoid colon

Large Intestine

365

The organ of voice production; the upper part of the respiratory tract between the pharynx and the trachea

Larynx

366

Of or toward the side; opposite of medial

Lateral

367

Are specialized blood cells to fight off infection

Leukocytes

368

A muscle of facial expression which elevates the angle of the mouth

Levator Anguli Oris

369

A muscle of facial expression which elevates the upper lip and dilates the nostril openingl the common elevator

Levator Labii Superioris Alaeque Nasi

370

A muscle of facial expression which elevates and extends the upper lip

Levator Labii Superioris

371

A line drawn or visualized on the surface of the skin to represent the approximate location of some deeper luing structure

Linear Guide

372

Eyelid furrows which are short and broken, extending horizontally on the palpebrae themselves and which may fan from both the medial and lateral corners of the eye

Linear Sulci

373

The largest gland in the body; secretes bile and is of great importance in protein and carbohydrate metabolism

Liver AKA Hepatic System

374

Well defined parts of an organ separated by boundaries. The fatty inferior one-thid of the ear

Lobes

375

Pertaining to the lower back, between the ribs and the hip bone

Lumbar

376

Passageway or space within a tubular structure such as an opening of a vein, artery, or intestine

Lumen

377

Cone-shaped organs, large enough to fill the pleural portion of the thoracic cavity completely.

Lungs

378

This lung is divided by fissures into two lobes

Left Lung

379

This lung is divided by fissures into three lobes

Right Lung

380

In relation to the lungs, the heart is

Medial

381

The clear fluid transported by the lymphatic vessels

Lymph

382

Bean-shaped lymphoid organ that filters and cleanses the lymph

Lymph Node

383

Organ system consisting of lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, and the lymphoid organs and tissues; drains excess tissue fluid and fights disease

Lymphatic System

384

General term used to designate lymphatic vessels

Lymphatics

385

A specific antibody acting destructively upon cells and tissues

Lysin

386

A membrane-bound, sac-like cytoplasmic organelle that contains a wide variety of digestive enzymes

Lysosome

387

Life-threatening; pertains to neoplasms such as cancer that spread and lead to death

Malignant

388

Breasts

Mammary Glands

389

The horseshoe shaped bone forming the inferior jaw

Mandible

390

The depression in the temporal bone into which the condyle of the mandible fits

Mandibular Fossa

391

The general phagocytic cells of the body, capable of engulfing and digesting a wide variety of foreign cells, particles, and molecules; present throughout the connective tissues of the body and especially abundant in lymphoid tissues of the immune system

Macrophages

392

Handle; upper part of the sternum

Manubrium

393

A boundary such as the edge of a structure of the anatomy

Margin

394

Muscles of mastication which close the mandible sometimes called the chewing muscle

Masseter Muscles

395

The rounded projection on the inferior portion of the temporal bones just posterior to the lobe of the ear

Mastoid Process

396

Chewing

Mastication

397

A paired bone with several processes that form the skeletal base of most of the superior face, roof of the mouth, sides of the nasal cavity, and floor of the orbit

Maxilla

398

Superior jaw protrudes

Maxillary Prognathism

399

A tube-shaped passage or opening

Meatus

400

Of or toward the middle

Medial

401

In the midline of the body

Median

402

Middle section of the thorax, that is, between the two lungs

Mediastinum

403

Latin for marrow; hence the inner portion of an organ in contrast to the outer portion or cortex

Medulla

404

Inferior part of the brain stem

Medulla Oblongata

405

Dark pigment formed by cells called melanocytes; imparts color to the skin and hair

Melanin

406

Sheet or thin layer

Membrane

407

T and B lymphocytes that provide for immunologic memory

Memory Cells

408

Protective coverings around the brain and spinal cord; from external to internal, they are dura mater, arachnoid mater, and pia mater

Meninges

409

Inflammation of the meninges

Meningitis

410

A triangular projection on the inferior portion of the anterior mandible

Mental Eminence

411

Elevates and protrudes the inferior lip, wrinkles the kin over the chin

Mentalis Muscle

412

Fold of peritoneum that attaches the intestine to the posterior abdominal wall

Mesentery

413

Situated in the middle, median

Mesial

414

Energy expended by the body per unit time

Metabolic Rate

415

Sum total of all the chemical reactions occurring in the cells of the body

Metabolism

416

The spread of cancer from one body part or organ to another not directly connected to it

Metastasis

417

Refers to the study with the aid of a microscope

Microscopic Anatomy AKA Histology

418

Region of the brain stem that lies between the diencephalon and the pons

Midbrain

419

Cellular power plants which produce energy

Mitochondria

420

Division of the nucleus during the typical process of cell division, during which the chromosomes are distributed to the two daughter nuclei

Mitosis

421

The study of the shape and structure of living organisms

Morphology

422

A sticky viscous fluid that covers many internal surfaces in the body; it consists of the protein mucin and a large amount of water

Mucus

423

Moist membranes that line all tubular organs and body cavities that open to the exterior

Mucous Membranes

424

List the muscles of the Thorax

Pectoralis Major, External Intercostals, Internal Intercostals, and Diaphragm

425

List the Muscles of the back

Trapezius and Latissimus Dorsi

426

List the Muscles of the Abdomen

Rectus Abdomen, External Obliques, Transversus, and Psoas Major

427

List the Muscles of the Shoulder

Deltoid and Teres Major

428

Fatty insulating sheath that surrounds all but the thinnest nerve fibers; formed of the plasma membrane of supporting cells wrapped in concentric layers around the nerve fiber

Myelin Sheath

429

Condition characterized by dead tissue areas in the myocardium of the heart; caused by interruption of blood supply to the area; also called heart attack

Myocardial Infarction

430

The study of the muscular system

Myology

431

The nostrils

Nares

432

Directly inferior to the glabella and forming a dome over the superior portion of the nasal cavity

Nasal Bones

433

Space between the roof of the mouth and the floor of the cranial cavity

Nasal Cavity

434

The sharp, bony projection located medially at the inferior margin of the nasal cavity

Nasal Spine of the Maxilla

435

The angular area between the posterior margin of the wing of the nose and the nasolabial fold; a natural facial marking

Nasal Sulcus

436

The eminence of the cheek and adjacent to the mouth; extending from the superior part of the posterior margin of the wing of the nose to the side of the mouth; a natural facial marking

Nasolabial Fold

437

The furrow originating at the superior border of the wing of the nose and extending to the side of the mouth; an acquired facial marking

Nasolabial Sulcus

438

Depression superior to the medial portion of the superior palpebrae

Naso-Orbital Fossa

439

The dividing wall between the two nasal cavities, formed posteriorly of bone, anteriorly of cartilage

Nasal Septum

440

The branch of medicine that deals with the nervous system and its diseases

Neurology

441

Pertaining to the nape of the neck

Nuchal

442

Controls most cellular activities, including reproduction, protein synthesis, and contains genetic material which determines a persons various characteristics

Nucleus

443

The shallow, curving groove below the medial corner of the eyelids; a natural facial marking

Oblique Palpebral Sulcus

444

The lower back of the skull

Occipital

445

The prominence at the center of the external surface of the occipital bone

Occipital Protuberance

446

Epicranius; draws the scalp posteriorly and anteriorly and raises the eyebrows

Occipitofrontalis Muscle

447

Back of the ehad

Occiput

448

Elbow

Elecrenon

449

Pertaining to the sens of smell

Olfactory

450

Pertaining to the eyes

Ophthalmic AKA Optic AKA Orbital

451

The furrows radiating from the lateral corner of the eye

Optic Facial Sulci AKA Crows Feet

452

Concerning the mouth

Oral

453

The mouth and the vestibule, or the opening to the throat

Oral Cavity

454

Close the eyelids; compresses the lacrimal sacs

Orbicularis Oculi Muscles

455

Closes the lips

Orbicularis Oris Muscles AKA Kissing Muscle

456

The mouth, entrance, or outlet of any anatomical structure; opening

Orifice

457

Small bone, specifically one of the bones of the tympanum or drum of the ear

Ossicles

458

Bone formation

Ossification

459

Age-related condition in which bones weaken as bone reabsorption outspaces bone deposition; weakened bones break easily

Osteoporosis

460

The palm of the hand

Palmar

461

Roof of the mouth

Palate

462

One of the bones forming the posterior part of the hard palate and lateral nasal wall between the interior pterygoid plate of the sphenoid bone and the maxilla

Palatine Bone

463

Using one's fingers to feel deep organs through the skin of the body surface

Palpation

464

Eyelids

Palpebrae

465

Tadpole shaped gland posterior to the stomach; produces both exocrine and endocrine secretions

Pancreas

466

Pertaining to, or forming the wall of a cavity; pertaining to the parietal bone

Parietal

467

Two bones that form the roof and part of the sides of the skull

Parietal Bones

468

The rounded peak of the external convexity of the parietal bones; determines the widest part of the cranium

Parietal Eminence

469

An elongated lobulated organ composed of both exocrine and endocrine glandular tissue. Secretes digestive enzymes, insulin, and glucagon

Pancreas

470

Located near the ear

Parotid

471

Is concerned with studying the structural and functional changes which occur in the body as a result of disease

Pathological Anatomy

472

Pertaining to the pubic bone

Pectineal

473

Pertaining to the chest or breast

Pectoral

474

Inferior region of the body trunk; contains the basin shaped bony structure called the bony pelvis

Pelvis

475

Protein digesting enzyme secreted by the stomach lining

Pepsin

476

Double layered sac that encloses the heart and forms its superficial layer

Pericardium

477

Located at, or pertaining to, the periphery (outer part or surface of a body) ocurring away from the center

Peripheral

478

Portion of the nervous system consisting of nerves and ganglia that lie outside the brain and spinal cord

Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)

479

Serous membrane that lines the interior of the abdominal pelvic cavity and covers the surfaces of the organs in this cavity. Divided into two special subdivisions - Mesentery and Greater Omentum

Peritoneum

480

Infection and inflammation of the peritoneum

Peritonitis

481

At right angles to another surface

Perpendicular

482

A cluster of lymph nodes embedded in the small intestine

Peyer's patches

483

Potential of hydrogen; a number signifying the acidity or alkalinity of a chemical solution

pH

484

The process by which a cell forms cytoplasmic extensions to engulf foreign particles, cells, or macromolecules and then uses lysosomes to digest these substances

Phagocytes

485

Finger or toe bones

Phalanges

486

The throat; the upper expanded portion of the digestive tract between the esophagus below the mouth and nasal cavaties above and in front

Pharynx

487

Refers to the study of veins in the body

Phlebology

488

The vertical groove located medially on the superior lip

Philtrum

489

Pertaining to the diaphragm

Phrenic

490

Plays a major role in breathing

Phrenic Muscle aka Diaphragm

491

Would be concerned with the study of the function of the body and its parts

Physiology

492

Most internal and most delicate of the three membranes covering the brain and spinal cord

Pia Mater

493

A hormone secreting, golf club shaped structure that hangs inferiorly from the brain and performs a variety of endocrine functions, such as regulating the gonads, thyroid gland, adrenal cortex, lactation, and water balance

Pituitary Gland aka Hypophysis

494

Temporary organ formed from both fetal and maternal tissues that provides nutrients and oxygen to the developing fetus, carries away fetal waste molecules, and secretes the hormones of pregnancy; shed as the afterbirth when labor is over

Placenta

495

Refers to the sole of the foot

Plantar

496

Is that structure that serves as the connecting link between the fetus and the mother's babt

Placenta

497

Liquid part of the blood

Plasma

498

Cell formed from the division of an activated B lymphocyte; secretes antibodies

Plasma Cell

499

Thin layer of muscle covering anterior aspect of neck. Pulls the lower lip down and back as in a look of horror

Platysma Muscle

500

The transverse, dipping furrow of the neck

Platysmal Sulci

501

Serous membrane that lines the pleural cavity in the thorax and covers the external surface of the lung

Pleura

502

Referring to the lungs

Pleural

503

The part of the brain stem between the midbrain and the medulla oblongata

Pons

504

Behind the knee

Popliteal

505

Minute depressions in the surface of the skin, as in the openings of the sweat glands

Pores

506

Concerning an entrance to an organ, especially that through which the blood is carried to the liver

Portal

507

Following after; hence located behind; opposite of anterior. Toward the read or caudal end

Posterior aka Dorsal

508

A projection or outgrowth

Process

509

To turn palm downward

Pronate

510

Medial rotation of the forearm that causes the palm to face posteriorly

Pronation

511

Refers to a body lying hortizontally with the face downward

Prone

512

A gland, partly muscular and partly glandular, which surrounds the beginning of the male urethra and secretes a milky fluid into the urethra at the time of semen emission

Prostate Gland

513

A long chain of amino acids or several linked chains of amino acids; the amino acid chains have bent and folded (coiled) to give each protein a distinct shape

Protein

514

The state or condition of being thrust forward or projecting

Protrusion

515

A part that is prominent beyond a surface, like a knob, an outgrowth, a swelling

Protuberance

516

Nearest the point of attachment, center of body, or point of reference

Proximal

517

The junction of the pubic bones on the midline in front; the bony eminence under the pubic hair

Pubic Symphysis

518

Pertaining to the lungs

Pulmonary

519

Opening in the center of the iris through which light enters the eye

Pupil

520

A funnel shaped region of the stomach, just proximal to the pylorus

Pyloric Region

521

The aperture between the the stomach and duodenum. Smooth muscle around the opening of the stomach into the duodenum

Pyloric Sphincter

522

Branch

Ramus

523

A seam in the midline

Raphe

524

Automatic response to a stimulus

Reflex

525

Is the study of some particular body region as a separate unit, such as the head, chest, etc

Regional Anatomy

526

Retaining to the kidney

Renal

527

Pertaining to or employed in reproduction

Reproductive

528

Pertaining to respiration

Respiratory

529

Relating to those organs and tissues from the nostrils to the air sacs in the lungs involved with the intake of air; 6 organs in this are nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs

Respiratory System

530

Neural tunic of the eyeball; contains the photoreceptor cells for vision

Retina

531

A nose which is turned up superiorly at its tip

Retrousse

532

Cytoplasmic organelle on which proteins are synthesized

Ribosome

533

Tricuspid valve; valve between the right atrium and the right ventricle in the heart

Right Atrioventicular Valve

534

The narrow superficial band of muscle which pulls the angle of the mouth laterally

Risorius Muscle aka Laughing Muscle aka False Smiling Muscle

535

One of the two types of photoreceptor cells in the retina of the eye

Rod Cell

536

The long, rod shaped sensory bodies of the retina of the eye responsive to light but not color

Rods of the eye

537

Wrinkles or folds

Rugae

538

Pertaining to the Sacrum; the region in the midline of the bussocks

Sacral

539

Like an arrow; longitudinal

Saggital

540

A vertical plane that divides the body or a body part into right and left portions

Sagittal Plane

541

Pertaining to, producing, or formed from saliva

Salivary

542

The three pairs of glands furnishing the saliva, the parotid, sublingual, and submaxillary

Salivary Glands

543

This muscle makes up the lateral border of the femoral triangle

Sartorius Muscle

544

From Greek for hard

Sclera

545

Outer fibrous tunic of the eyeball. White portion of the eye

Sclera of the Eye

546

The oily secretion of sebaceous glands

Sebum

547

The passage of material formed by a cell to its exterior; cell product that is transported to the exterior of a cell

Secretion

548

Valves at the base of the aorta and the pulmonary trunk that prevent blood from returning to the heart ventricles after ventricular contraction

Semilunar Valves

549

A wall dividing two cavities

Septum

550

Any serous fluid, especially the fluid that moistens the surfaces of serous membranes; the watery portion of the blood after coagulation; a fluid found when clotted blood is left standing long enough for the clot to shrink

Serum

551

A protein found in blood serum

Serum Albumin

552

Shaped like a sesame seed; an inconstant number of small, flat, round bones ound in various tendons in which considerable pressure develops. Of these, only patellas are usually counted in the 206 bones of the body. An oval nodule of bone or fibrocartilage in a tendon playing over a bony surface

Sesamoid Bones

553

That portion of the large intestine that courses downward below the iliac crest. Described as an S shaped curve

Sigmoid Colon

554

A cavity or sponge like space within a bone; a dilated channel for venous blood; any cavity having a relatively narrow opening example the frontal _______

Sinus

555

Pertaining to the skeleton

Skeletal

556

The 3 parts of the small intestine are of the duodenum, jejunum, and the ileum

Small Intestine

557

Pertaining to the region of the body that lies external to the ventral body cavity, including the skin, skeletal muscles, and the skeleton

Somatic

558

A circular muscle constricting or closing an orifice/aperture

Sphincter

559

A sharp projection

Spinous Process or Spine

560

Visceral

Splanchinic

561

The vertical surface of the temporal bone

Squama

562

Constriction or narrowing

Stenosis

563

A muscle of the neck that is attached to the mastoid process of the temporal bone and superior nuchal line and by separate heads to the sternum and clavicle. Function together to flex the head, form the lateral boundaries of the cervical tirangle and widest part of the neck

Sternocleidomastoideus Muscle

564

Situated or occurring beneath the skin

Subcutaneous

565

Describing those portions which lie immediately inferior to the mandible

Submandibular

566

The junction of the base of the chin and the submandibular area, which may appear as a furrow

Submental Sulcus

567

The inferior part of the part of the forehead just superior to the median ends of the eyebrows

Superciliary Arches

568

Eyebrows

Supercilium

569

Pertaining to or situated near the surface

Superficial

570

Higher than situated above something else; opposite of inferior

Superior

571

The furrow of the superior border of the upper eyelid; an acquired facial marking

Superior Palpebral Sulcus

572

Region between the supercilium and the superior palpebrae

Supraorbital Area

573

The superior rim of the eye sockets

Supraorbital Margins

574

To turn the palm of the hand oppward

Supernate

575

Refers to a body lying horizontally with the face upward

Supine

576

Located above the kidney

Suprarenal

577

Another name for an adrenal gland

Suprarenal Gland

578

Arched ridge just below the eyebrow

Supraorbital Margin

579

Relating to a suture (the line of union in an immovable articulation, as those between the skull bones)

Sutural

580

Correspondence in size, shape, and relative position of parts that are on opposite sides of the face

Symmetry

581

A line of fusion between two bones that are separate in early development. Greek for growing together

Symphysis

582

A joint in which the bones are connected by fibrocartilage

Symphysis

583

Specialized cell junction between two neurons, at which the neurons communicate

Synapse

584

Death brought about by a cessation of cardiac activity, or a failure of heart action,

Syncope

585

Is the study of individual organs and systems, such as the study of the digestive system, respiratory system, etc

Systemic Anatomy

586

Contraction phase of the heart action, or beat

Systole

587

Organizations of varying numbers and kinds of organs so arranged that together they can perform complex functions for the body

Systems

588

T lymphocyte that directly kills eukaryotic foreign cells, cancer cells, or virus-infected body cells

T Cell aka Killer T Cell

589

Pertaining to the ankle

Tarsal

590

Pertaining to the sides of the skull

Temporal

591

Inferior portion of the sides and base of the cranium, inferior to the parietal bones and anterior to the occipital bone

Temporal Bones

592

The concave surface of the head overlying the temporal bone

Temporal Cavity

593

Muscle of mastication which helps to close the mandible

Temporalis Muscle

594

Band or cord of fibrous connective tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone

Tendon

595

Chest

Thorax

596

They are the smallest blood cells who are produced in the red bone marrow with the primary function to help form clots in the walls of broken blood cessels

Thrombocytes AKA Platelets

597

The formation or presence of an attached blood clot

Thrombosis

598

Organ of the immune system that is essential for the production of T cells; located in the anterior thorax

Thymus

599

Latin for shin bone

Tibia

600

Refers to the study of surface shape and form of the human body

Topographical Anatomy AKA Surface Anatomy

601

Crosswise, lying across the long axis of the body or of a part

Transverse

602

The part of the colon that passes horizontally across the abdomen, below the liver, stomach, and spleen, and is above the smalle intestine

Transverse Colon

603

Furrows which cross the forehead

Transverse Frontal Sulci

604

A tube about 11 cm long that extends from the larynx in the neck to the bronchi in the thoracic cavity

Trachea aka Windpipe

605

Depression between the crura of the ear, the second deepest depression of the ear

Triangular Fossa

606

Is the heart valve between the right atrium and the right ventricle

Tricuspid Valve

607

A very large projection

Trochanter

608

A small, rounded projection

Tubercle

609

A large, rounded projection

Tuberosity

610

Consisting of tubes and alveoli

Tubulo-Alveolar

611

An abnormal growth of cells; a swelling; a neoplasm; can be cancerous

Tumor

612

A covering or coat; a layer or membrane of tissue

Tunica

613

The outer, fibroelastic coat of a blood vessel or other tubular structure comprised of connective tissue

Tunica Adventicia aka Tunica Externa

614

The inner, serous coat of an artery comprised of smooth muscle

Tunica Intima aka Tunica Interna

615

The middle, usually muscular coat of an artery or other tubular structure comprised of smooth muscle

Tunica Media

616

One of the outer layers of a part, especially a hollow organ or blood

Tunics

617

The universal recipient

Type AB Blood

618

The universal Donor

Type O Blood

619

Erosion of the surface of an organ or tissue, such as a peptic ulcer in the wall of the stomach or small intestine

Ulcer

620

The tubes leading from the kidney to the urinary bladder

Ureter

621

The tube leading from the urinary bladder to the external surface of the body

Urethra

622

Pertaining to the secretion or containment of urine

Urinary

623

Composed of kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra

Urinary System

624

Latin for a little grape; projection hanging from the soft palate

Uvula

625

Any one of various membranous structures in a hollow organ or passage that temporarily closes to permit the flow of fluid in one direction only

Valve

626

Vessel or duct

Vas

627

Pertaining to or composed of blood vessels

Vascular

628

The blood vessels; the arteries, capillaries, and veins

Vascular System

629

The second section of the spermatic duct

Vas Deferens

630

These are the minute vessels that supply blood to the outer layers

Vasa Vasorum

631

Narrowing of blood vessels, normally through the contraction of smooth muscle cells in the vessel walls

Vasoconstriction

632

Relaxation of smooth muscle cells in the walls of blood vessels, causing the cessels to dilate

Vasodilation

633

Wide, of great size

Vastus

634

Vessels carrying blood to the heart

Veins

635

Of or near the belly

Ventral aka Anterior

636

Small cavity; in the heart, those chambers which pump blood away from the heart

Ventricle

637

Very small veins which walls are comprised of smooth muscle and endothelia cells

Venules

638

A long worm-shaped tissue which extends from the lower portion of the cecum. Its mucous lining may become inflamed, a condition known as appendicitis

Vermiform Appendix

639

The spin or spinal column; formed of a number of bones called vertebrae, the discs between these vertebrae, and two composite bone (Sacrum and Coccyx

Vertebral Column

640

The top of the head

Vertex

641

Perpendicular to the plane of the horizon, balanced

Vertical

642

One in which the forehead and the eyebrows project equally to a vertical line, and the chin protrudes more than the superior mucous membrane

Vertical-Concave Profile

643

One in which the forehead and the eyebrows project equally to a vertical line and the chin recedes less than the superior mucous membrane

Vertical-Convex Profile

644

One in which the forehead, upper lip and chin project equally to an imaginary vertical line

Vertical Profile aka Balanced

645

A small, liquid filled sac; also referred to as urinary bladder

Vesicle

646

Pertaining to viscera (internal organs enclosed within a cavity, especially the abdominal organs

Visceral

647

The state of being sticky or gummy; resistance offered by a fluid to change form or relative position of its particles due to attraction of molecules to each other

Viscosity

648

The semi-fluid transparent substance which lies between the retina and lens of the eyeball

Vitreous Humor

649

Bone of the nasal cavity situated between the nasal passages on the median plane; it forms the inferior and posterior portion of the septum of the nose

Vomer Bone

650

White substance of the CNS contains tracts o myelinated nerve fibers

White Matter

651

Sword Shaped

Xiphoid

652

Yoke

Zygoma

653

The processes on the temporal and zygomatic bones; determines the widest part of the face

Zygomatic Arch

654

One of the lesser concavities of the face located on the lateral portion of the cheek inferior to the zygomatic arch

Zygomatic Arch Deprssion

655

Small bones of the cheeks; widest part of the cheek

Zygomatic Bones

656

The lateral rim of the eye socket formed by a process of the frontal bone and a process of the zygomatic bone

Zygomaticofrontal Process

657

Muscles of the face which draw the superior lip posteriorly, superiorly, and anteriorly

Zygomaticus Major Muscles AKA Smiling Muscle

658

Muscles of the face which draw the superior lip superiorly and anteriorly

Zygomaticus Minor Muscles

659

A thin projection from the temporal bone bounding its squamous portion; a part of the malar bone helping to form the zygoma

Zygomatic Process

660

Fertilized Egg

Zygote