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Flashcards in PE Year 10 Deck (56)
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1

Name the individual differences

Age, disability, gender, physic, culture, environment, risk&challenge, activity levels, training

2

Name the three somatotypes

Endomorph
Mesomorph
Ectomorph

3

Describe the characteristics of an Ectomorph
(Give examples)

-lean
-delicate
-small framed
(long distance runners, gymnasts)

4

Describe the characteristics of an Endomorph
(Give examples)

-slightly rounded
-shorter limbs
(sumowrestler, shotputter)

5

Describe the characteristics of an Mesomorph
(Give examples)

-high proportion of muscle
(sprinter, games player)

6

What is fatigue?

a feeling of EXTREME physical/mental tiredness after working for a long period of time due to a build up of lactic acid

7

What is stress?

the body's reaction to a change that requires a mental, physical or emotional adjustment

8

What feelings can lead to injury?

tension and anxiety
boredom and tedium
motivation
feedback or criticism

9

What are the two types of sporting personalities?

Extrovert
introvert

10

What is respiration?

the process where the body converts fuel (glucose) into energy and releasing it into the body either aerobically or anaerobically

11

What are the functions of the blood?

-Transports oxygen to the muscles and gets rid of waste products
-controls body temperature
-to fight infection

12

What is the definition of leisure?

Freetime from the demands of work when one can rest and enjoy hobbies or sport

13

What is the tidal volume?

the amount breathed in and breathed out

14

What is the VO2 max?

the maximum amount of oxygen used in a minute per kilogram of body weight

15

what is the vital capacity?

the largest amount of air that can be expired after the deepest intake of breath

16

What is residual volume?

amount of air that remains in the lunges after maximum expiration

17

What is the definition of health?

a state of complete mental,physical and social wellbeing and a freedom of illness or injury

18

What is fitness?

the ability to meet the demands of the environment

19

What is agility?

is the ability to change direction quickly and still keep control of the whole body

20

what is balance?

the ability to keep the whole body stable whether still moving or in a different shape by keeping the centre of gravity over the base

21

what is co-ordination?

is the ability to use two or more body parts at the same time

22

what is reaction time?

the time it takes to respond to a stimulus

23

what is timing?

the ability to judge the time and place of an objects arrival and then execute appropriate movements

24

What is muscular strength?

the ability of the muscles to apply force and overcome resistance

25

what is dynamic strength?

using prolonged moving muscular contractions

26

what is explosive strength?

when a maximum burst of effort is used

27

What is static strength?

when muscle length stays the same

28

what is speed?

the fastest rate at which you can complete a task or cover a distance

29

What is power?

the ability to apply a combination of strength and speed

30

What are immovable joints?

are fixed so that there is no movement at this joint