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Flashcards in Pediatric Disorders Deck (98)
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61

treatment for roseola infantum

anti-pyretics

62

etiology of delayed closure of the anterior fontanelle

down syndrome, rickets, achnodroplasia, congenital hypothryoidism

63

how would you expect weight to increase in the first 2 years of life

quadruple from birth weight

64

when do children first exhibit stranger anxiety

6 months

65

when is gender identity typically formed

2 years

66

when can children begin to eat solid foods

4-6 months

67

when can children drink cow's milk

12 months

68

what interventions have been shown to reduce the incidence of SIDS

supine sleeping, pacifier, fan on in the room, no smoking, no toys in bed

69

when can a child convert from rear-facing to front-facing car seats

must be > 1 year AND > 20 pounds

70

how many total doses of DTaP vaccine should a 6-year-old have received

5 doses

71

what age is meningococcal vaccine indicated

after 11 years

72

bruton's agammaglobulinemia

X-linked, B cell deficiency, defective tyrosine kinase gene
low levels of all IgGs, recurrent bacterial infections after 6 months

73

digeorge syndrome (thymic aplasia)

3rd and 4th pouches fail to develop, no thymus or parathyroid, no T cells, hypocalcemia and tetany
congenital defects in heart/great vessels
recurrent viral, fungal, and protozoal infections
associated with 22q11 deletion

74

severe combined immunodeficiency

severe recurrent infections, chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, chronic diarrhea, failure to thrive, no thymic shadow
do not give live vaccines

75

chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis

T cell dysfunction, treat with anti-fungals

76

wiskott-aldrich immunodeficiency

thrombocytopenia, purpura, eczema, recurrent pyogenic infections

77

ataxia-telangiectasia

IgA deficiency
cerebellar ataxia, poor smooth pursuit of moving target with eyes, elevated AFP after 8 months, telangiectasias of face, increased risk of lymhomas and leukemias
radiation sensitivity

78

glycogen storage disease: lactic acidosis, hyperlipidemia, hyperuricemia

von gierk's disease

liver cannot perform gluconeogenesis

79

glycogen storage disease: diaphragm weakness, respiratory failure

pompe's disease (adult form)

80

glycogen storage disease: increased glycogen in liver, severe fasting hypoglycemia

von gierk's disease

liver cannot perform gluconeogenesis

81

glycogen storage disease: hepatomegaly, hypoglycemia, hyperlipidemia (normal kidneys, lactate, and uric acid)

cori's disease

82

glycogen storage disease: painful muscle cramps, myoglobinuria with strenuous exercise

mcardle's disease

83

glycogen storage disease: severe hepatosplenomegaly, enlarged kidneys

von gierk's disease

liver cannot perform gluconeogenesis

84

congenital heart defect, low calcium, recurrent infections

digeorge syndrome

85

chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, chronic diarrhea, failure to thrive

SCID

86

trombocytopenia, eczema, and recurrent infections

wiskott-aldrich

87

poor smooth pursuit of eyes, elevated AFP after 8 months

ataxia-telangiectasia

88

partial albinism, recurrent URIs, neurological disorders

chediak-higashi disease

89

cleft lip/palate, life expectancy less than 1 year, polydactyly

trisomy 13

90

high-pitched cat-like cry

cri-du-chat