Pediatrics Flashcards Preview

A+ Test Prep > Pediatrics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pediatrics Deck (19):
1

Fontanelles Closure age

Anterior: 12-18 mo
Posterior: 2 mo

2

Physiological differences CO, HR, SV

Higher CO
HR increased, SV decreased
-limited SV compensatory mechanisms

3

Reason for higher dosages

Higher volume of distribution (VD)

4

Cricoid is narrowest until what age?

10

5

O2 consumption in infants compared to adults

Double

6

ETT size

Premi: 2.5-3.0
Term: 3.0-3.5
3mo-1year: 3.5-4.0
Over year: formula

7

ETT size formula

(Age+16)/4

8

ETT Depth

2 year: formula

9

ETT depth formula

3 x Ett size

Or

(Age/2)+12

10

Pierre robin

Short chin, anterior / superior glottis
Arched cleft palate, teeth narrow
Basilar skull defects are possible stay out of the noses as possible

11

Treacher Collins

Short chin, dental malformations, deformed airway,
Basilar skull defects are possible stay out of the noses as possible

12

Hurler's syndrome

Macrocephalic, short neck, scoliosis
Basilar skull defects are possible stay out of the noses as possible

13

Goldenhar syndrome

Facial asymmetry, small mouth limited opening
-worse of group
-Standard intubation not possible
Basilar skull defects are possible stay out of the noses as possible

14

PALS IV standard

90 seconds or 3 attempts. Then IO

15

Scalp access

Infants only.
22 ga

16

Infant/neonatal blood administration

As soon as blood is available, in comparison to 3:1

17

Estimated Blood volume:
Premature:
Term:
3month-1year:
>1 year:

Premature: 90-100 ml/kg
Term: 80-90 ml/kg
3month-1year: 70-80 ml/kg
>1 year: 70 ml/kg

18

Maximum allowable blood loss

(EBV x (current Hct - minimum acceptable Hct)) / current Hct

minimum acceptable Hct: 28

19

Skull - bones are soft and separated by cartilage until what age?

5