Toxins #2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Toxins #2 Deck (10):
1

Ethylene glycol treatment

IV ethanol drip, fomeprizole, thiamine, pyridoxine

2

Cocaine

Inhibits reuptake of NE and dopamine
-avoid beta blockers
-Benzos for anxiety

3

Naloxe and pulmonary edema

Negative pressure induced pulmonary edema
Tongue in airway, naloxone given, pt draws huge breath but cannot with tongue blocking.

4

Cyanide

Amyl nitrate, Na thiosulfate
-jewelry shop, cyanide used to separate heavy metal

5

Methemoglobinemia (metHg)

Methylene blue

6

Cyanide conversion when treated

Cnversion to methemoglobinemia.. Treatment with methylene blue May be required.

7

Anticholinergics OD

Atropine, jimmsen weed
Mad Asa hader (ALOC), red as a bee (flush skin), dry as a bone, blind as a bat (pupil dilation.

8

Anticholinergic antidote

Physostigmine (eserine)

9

Heparin antidote

Protamime sulfate (whale sperm) beware anaphylaxis

10

Ethylene Glycol / Methanol OD

-Antifreeze
-man down, unknown why, Florescence on skin.
-profound anion gap, osmolar gap, nystagmus / blindness
-depressed DTRs, stupor, coma, convulsions, hypothermia, hypocalcemia