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Flashcards in pediatrics Deck (35):
1

down syndrome asociations

advanced maternal age
upslanted eyes
single palmar crease
general hypotonia
atlantoaxial instability
duodenal atresia
hirschprung disease
congenital heart disease(AV canal malformation)
ALL
hypothyroidism
earley-onset alzheirmer disease

2

antibiotic eye drops

DOES NO PREVENT CHLAMYDIA conjuntivitis

3

hepatitis B vaccionation in new born
healthy mother
HBsAg(+)

healthy mother: Hep B vaccione
HBsAg(+): HBIG + HepB vaccine

4

cephalohematoma

subperiosteal, does not cross

5

caput succedaneum

swelling of soft tissues , does cross

6

most common diaphragmatic hernia

Bochdalek(left posterolateral)

7

most common cause of increase AFP

incorrect dating

8

increase AFP causes

neural tube deffects and abdominal wall defects

9

failure of GI sac to retract at 10-12 weeks

omphalosele(associated with edwards Sx)

10

surgical infication for umbilical hernia

after 4 years

11

most common abdominal mass in children

Wilms tumor
-do a US
-most accurate Contrast CT

12

WAGR syndrome

wilms tumor
aniridia
Genitourinary malformation
mentar RETARDATION
CHROMOSOME 11 deletion

13

orchipexy indication

after 1 year, to decrease sterility

14

most common congenital heart lession

VSD

15

health child with holosystolic murmur and failure to thrive

VSD
-EKG will show right ventricular hypertrophy

16

VSD synthomatic treatmetn

digoxin and diuretics

17

most common complication of PDA

high ocurrence of respiratory infections
infective endocarditis

18

transpositions of the great vesels

egg on string

19

snow man on chest x ray

total anomalous pulmonary return

20

most common complication of esophageal atresia

aspiration pneumonia

21

exchange transfusion in hyperbilirrubinemia in neonates

>20-25mg/dL

22

recurrent aspiration pneumonia in a baby

tracheoesophageal fistula

23

choanal atresia assosiation

CHARGE

coloboma
heart defects
atresia of the choanae
retardation of growth and/or development
genital and/or urinary defects( hypogonadism)
ear anomalies or deasfne

24

anal atresia associated syndrome

VACTERL
-Vertebral anomalies
-Anal atresia
-Cardiovascular anomalies
-Tracheoesophageal fistula
-Esophageal atresia
-Renal anomalies
-Limb anomalies

25

doughnut or target sign

intussuception

26

NEC antibiotic

vancomycin,getamicin and metronidazol

27

periventricular calcifications with microencephaly,chorioretinitis

CMX
tx:ganciclovir

28

petechiae
echymoses
bledding gums

scurvy(vit c deficiency)

29

diarrhea,dermatitis,dementia

pellagra(Vit b3 deficiency)

30

total anomalous pulmonary venous return CXR finding

snowman or 8 sign.

31

pansystolic murmur in child

VSD

32

pathological jaundice in the new born

-first day of life
-more than 5mg/dL/day
-bilirubin rises above 19.5 mg/dL in term child
-Direct bilirubin rises above 2 mg/dL at any time

33

best initial step fpr pyloric stenopsis

abdomina ultraosun
most accurate test: upper GI series

34

intussusception treatmetn

fluid resuscitation ,NGT decompression, followed by barium enema.

35

arthritis,fever murmur

rheumatic fever