INFECTIOUS DISEASE Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in INFECTIOUS DISEASE Deck (30):
1

strongest indication for antiretroviral medication

CD4 below 500

2

best initial antiretroviral regiment

emtricitabine (NRTI)
tenofovir(NRTI)
Efavirez(non- NRTI)=vivid dreams

3

acute Hepatitis C treatment

interferon + ribavirin(causes anemia) + bose or telaprevir

4

best initial test for diarrhea

blood and fecal leukocytes

5

SIRS criteria

tach

6

RBC in CFS without a history of trauma is highly suggestive of ??

HSV encephalitis

7

best initial test for diarrhea

blood and fecal leukocytes

8

meningitis prophylaxis

rifampim or cripo or ceftriaxzone in close contact
-households
-kissing
-sharing cigarettes
-eating utensils

9

righ enhancing lession

abscess
toxomplasma(AIDS)
cisticercosis(inmigrant)
lymphoma(AIDS)

10

RBC in CFS without a history of trauma is highly suggestive of ??

HSV encephalitis

11

brain abscess empirical treatmen

ceftriaxone + vancomycin + metronidazole
adn surgery

12

chronic hep C treatment genotype 2 and 3

ribavirin+sofosbuvir

13

chronic hep C genotype 1 treatmetn

sofosbuvir or ledipasvir

14

PID outpatient treatment

ceftriaxone + doxyxycline

15

PID inpatient treatment

cefotetan of cefoxitin + doxycycline

16

PID treatment in outpatient allergic to peniciline

levofloxacin + metronidazol

17

PID treatment in inpatient allergic to peniciline

clinda or gentamicin and doxycycline

18

endocarditis empiric therapy

vanco and gentamicin

19

treatment for culture negative endocarditis

ceftriaxone

20

anti HIV drug contraindicated in pregnancy

efavirenz and delaviridine

21

MRSA drugs

telavancin
dalbavancin
tedizolid
oritavancin

22

most accurate test for sinusitis

sinus biopsy or aspirate

23

1 line treatment for sinusitis

amoxicilin/calvulanate,doxycycline or TMPSMX

24

intications for antibiotic in acute diarrhea
child:ceftriaxone or TMPTMX
adults: ciprofloxacin

-hypotension
-tachycardia
-fever
-abdominal pain
-bloody diarrhea
-metabolic acidosis

25

nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain
-fever weight loss and fatigue
-hepatosplenomegaly
-dark urine(increase direct biliribin)
-jaundice

acute hepatitis

26

correlates with the likehood of mortality in acute hepatitis

Prothrombine time

27

chornic hep B treatment(when e Ag its present)

entecavir
adefovir
lamivudine
telbivudine
interfeeron
tenofovir

28

test for hep C

everyone born between 1945 and 1965 is tested for hepatitis C regardless or the risk

29

best initial test for urethritis

urethral swab for gram stain

30

antiretroviral medication indication

CD4 below 500
viral load very high (greater than 100 000)
oportunistic infection occurs