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Flashcards in People all sections Deck (59):
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Archduke Franz Ferdinand

Heir to the Habsburg throne, assassinated which started the war on June 28, 1914

1

Emperor Franz Josef

Guy in charge of the Hapsburg Empire 83 years old in 1914

2

Sophie Ferdinand

Franz's wife, she died with him

3

Gavrilo Princip

19 year old assassin who killed Franz Ferdinand

4

Raymond Poincare

The French president at the start of the war

5

Kaiser Wilhelm II

The King of Germany during World War One

6

Tsar Nicholas II

Tsar of Russia, killed by the Bolsheviks

7

William Randolph Hearst

Yellow journalist in the United States

8

Joseph Pulitzer

Yellow journalist in the United States

9

Colonel Liman von Sanders

Leader of the German military mission to Constantinople in December 1913

10

Alfred von Schlieffen

Chief of the German General Staff in 1904, developed his plan to defeat France

11

General Joseph-Jacques Cesaire Joffre

Appointed Chief of the French General Staff in 1911, developed Plan 17, sacked in December 1916

12

General Alexander von Kluck

One of the German generals at the start of the war, was forced to retreat at the Battle of the Marne, resigned with 33 other generals after the failure of the Schlieffen Plan

13

General Hermann von Moltke

Chief of the German General Staff, resigned after the Schlieffen Plan's failure

14

Sir John French

Commander of the B.E.F. at the start of the war

15

General Lanzerak

French General who fought the Germans during the Battle of the Frontiers

16

Erich von Falkenhayn

Chief of the German General Staff after Motlke's resignation, replaced after Romania entered the war

17

General Iakov Zhilinskii

Russian general, did not think Russia had a chance against German

18

General Pavel von Rennenkampf

Russian commander of the 1st army

19

General Aleksandr Samsonov

Commander of the Russian 2nd army at the start of the war, defeated at the Battle of Tannenburg

20

General Paul von Hindenburg

German general on the Eastern Front and later chief of the German General Staff

21

General Erich Ludendorff

German general on the Eastern Front, later launched Operation Michael on the Western Front, told the Kaiser the war was lost

22

Franz Conrad von Hotzendorf

Austrian commander during the war, failed to follow the Austrian German plan at the start of the war

23

Theobald con Bethmann Hollweg

German Chancellor until 1918, refused to allow peace with Russia

24

Admiral Souchon

German Admiral commanded the Ottoman fleet in the Black Sea, caused the Ottomans to enter the war by attacking a Russian port

25

Enver Pash

Turkish Minister of War

26

Sir Charles Townshend

British general, led the largest capitulation in British history

27

Emir Abdullah ibn-Hussein

Arab prince who raised a volunteer army and fought the Ottoman Empire

28

Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck

German commander of forces in German East Africa, evaded the British forces for four years

29

Aleksei Polivanov

Russian War Minister, a popular moderate

30

Aristide Briand

French Premiere who ordered Joffre to hold Verdun at all costs

31

Phillipe Petain

Commander of French forces at Verdun, succeeded Nivelle as Chief of the French General Staff

32

Alexei Brusilov

Russia's most intelligent student of warfare, commanded two offensives the first was successful the second was not

33

Mikhai V. Alekseev

Russian commander in chief and then demoted to army chief of staff

34

Sir Douglas Haig

Commander of the B.E.F. after French

35

Rear Admiral Maximilian von Spee

German admiral who caused havoc on British naval forces in the Indian, Pacific and South Atlantic Oceans

36

Admiral Franz Hipper

Commander of a German squadron, wanted to attack the Allied blockade at the end of the war

37

Woodrow Wilson

Obvious but, President of the United States

38

Admiral Reinhard Scheer

Commander of the German navy, convinced the Kaiser to allow him to attack the British fleet

39

Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmerman

German minister and creator of the Zimmerman Telegraph

40

General Francois

German General at the Battle of Tanneburg

41

Admiral Jellicoe

Commander of the British Navy

42

Admiral Bealty

Commander of the British Battlecruiser fleet

43

Empress Alexandra

Wife of the Russian Tsar, filled the void when he left the captiol

44

Grigorii Rasputin

Empress Alexandra's advisor, killed by the son of the wealthiest aristocrat in Russian and Grand Duke Dmitrii Pavlovich

45

Grand Duke Dmitrii Pavlovich

Killer of Rapsutin

46

Aleksei Khovsotv

Leader of the Fascistic Right faction of the Duma and latter Minister of the Interior

47

Alexander Kerensky

Leader of the Provisional Government in Russia

48

General Kornilov

Russian general appointed to restore discipline, arrested by Kerensky for treason

49

General Robert g. Nivelle

French General who was sacked after the Battle of Chemin des Dames

50

General Wilhelm Groener

The last German Chief of the General Staff

51

Friedrich Ebert

Leader of the moderate Social Democratic Party and later German Chancellor

52

David Lloyd George

Leader of Britain at Versailles

53

Georges Clemenceau

Leader of France at Versailles

54

Vittorio Orlando

Prime Minister of Italy at Versailles

55

Joseph Piludski

The leader of the Polish legion within the Austrian army

56

Tomas Masaryk

Leader of Czechoslovakia who lobbied for an independent country

57

Eduard Benes

Czechoslovakian leader who lobbied for an independent country at the end of the war

58

Mustafa Kemal

Leader of a Turkish resistance movement on the Turkish War of Independence