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Flashcards in Performance Enhancing Drugs Deck (31)
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1

who used plant-based stimulants?

Ancient Greeks and Aztecs

2

what were athletic competitions developed for?

For training for war by tribal societies

3

what is strychnine

low dose = CNS stimulant
high dose = convulsion and death

4

who used strychnine and why?

boxers used them to become more aggressive and keep them from tiring quickly

5

When was the St. Louis Olympic marathon winner and what happened?

1904
mixed brandy and strychnine
collapsed and had to be revived

6

how was cocaine used and when

available since 1800s
Mariani's coca wine used by the French cycling team

7

what was the original term for doping and how was it used?

i is the opposite of what it is now. An effort to impair performance
-used brandy to slow race horses and dogs

8

why were amphetamines used? what made them good?

more potent than caffeine
safer than strychnine

9

what is pep?

an amphetamine used by boxers, cyclists, soccer players

10

When did drug testing begin?

1960s

11

who died during 1967 Tour de France

Tommy Simpson from amphetamines

12

When did the International Olympic Committee establish rules to disqualify any athlete who used banned drugs or refused to be tested?

1968

13

when did NFL ban distribution of amphetamines

1971

14

were amphetamines restricted in 1971?

No. players could still obtain it on their own. Use of pep pills

15

who first started using testosterone and when

Soviets
1950s

16

when did testing for steroids begin?

1970s

17

who were the first international athletes found guilty of taking steroids

Bulgaria, Romania, Poland
(BRP - big, eat a lot,-> burp = body builder - steroid)

18

Who was Ben Johnson?

1987 World record holder but he was disqualified for steroid doping

19

What was the result of the Johnson Olympic scandal?

Gov't of Canada to establish a COmmision of Inquiry into the use of drugs and banned practices (1989)

20

what was the drug developed by BALCO?

THG tetrahydrogestrinone

21

what pro sports organization still allows ephedrine

MLB

22

what are two effects of steroids?

androgenic effects (masculinizing)
anabolic effects (tissure building)

23

why is it difficult to do randomized blinded control trials on steroids

because steroids produce detectable psychological effects

24

anabolic steroids mimic effects of:

endogenous hormones:
-testosterone
-dihydrotestosterone

25

anabolic steroids are ___ soluble

fat

26

anabolic steroids are which schedule?

4

27

what is the penalty for buying or selling steroids

18 months prison

28

human growth hormone

beta-2-subtype of adrenergic receptors
used in treating asthma

29

what the blood doping?

increase number of rbc in bloodstream

30

when was blood doping prohibited by the International Olympic Committee?

1984