Flashcards in Performance Enhancing Drugs Deck (31)
who used plant-based stimulants?
Ancient Greeks and Aztecs
what were athletic competitions developed for?
For training for war by tribal societies
what is strychnine
low dose = CNS stimulant
high dose = convulsion and death
who used strychnine and why?
boxers used them to become more aggressive and keep them from tiring quickly
When was the St. Louis Olympic marathon winner and what happened?
mixed brandy and strychnine
collapsed and had to be revived
how was cocaine used and when
available since 1800s
Mariani's coca wine used by the French cycling team
what was the original term for doping and how was it used?
i is the opposite of what it is now. An effort to impair performance
-used brandy to slow race horses and dogs
why were amphetamines used? what made them good?
more potent than caffeine
safer than strychnine
what is pep?
an amphetamine used by boxers, cyclists, soccer players
When did drug testing begin?
who died during 1967 Tour de France
Tommy Simpson from amphetamines
When did the International Olympic Committee establish rules to disqualify any athlete who used banned drugs or refused to be tested?
when did NFL ban distribution of amphetamines
were amphetamines restricted in 1971?
No. players could still obtain it on their own. Use of pep pills
who first started using testosterone and when
when did testing for steroids begin?
who were the first international athletes found guilty of taking steroids
Bulgaria, Romania, Poland
(BRP - big, eat a lot,-> burp = body builder - steroid)
Who was Ben Johnson?
1987 World record holder but he was disqualified for steroid doping
What was the result of the Johnson Olympic scandal?
Gov't of Canada to establish a COmmision of Inquiry into the use of drugs and banned practices (1989)
what was the drug developed by BALCO?
what pro sports organization still allows ephedrine
what are two effects of steroids?
androgenic effects (masculinizing)
anabolic effects (tissure building)
why is it difficult to do randomized blinded control trials on steroids
because steroids produce detectable psychological effects
anabolic steroids mimic effects of:
anabolic steroids are ___ soluble
anabolic steroids are which schedule?
what is the penalty for buying or selling steroids
18 months prison
human growth hormone
beta-2-subtype of adrenergic receptors
used in treating asthma
what the blood doping?
increase number of rbc in bloodstream